Vocab. AP Euro Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Matteoti Murder
British Broadcasting Corporation
Left-wing, revolutionary Marxists headed by Lenin. (Majority men).
post-war art group
-anti-art/non-art; wanted to mock values of the culture that had "gone mad;"
against anything organized
soon spread to France/Germany because of disgruntled moods from disadvantageous
victory/defeat resp.
intended to be ephemeral, suddenly ended in 1922 -- BUT set trend of spontaneous expressions
German term, literally meaning "realistic politics". It is defined as political goals based on practical rather than ideological notions, and it is generally used to refer to amoral politics where the goal is achieved by any means- whether it be political extortion or physical violence.
France; Established first permanent French settlement in North America
Monk selling indulgences, started Martin Luther's ideas
a nihilistic art movement (especially in painting) that flourished in Europe early in the 20th century
Coup d'etat
Overthrow of those in power
sailed southwest throught he straits of the magellan and began the first circumnavigation of the world.
Cecil Rhodes
British military commander who believed in expansion and founded the De Beers Mining Company
-Dreyfus Affair
General Georges Boulanger actually became more popular than the politicians using nat'lism, and the leaders fear a coup, but nothing happened. And in 1894, the whole Dreyfus Affair occurred (bad for military, monarchists, and Church).
These were the "radicals" in Reformation in which someone would choose if they wanted to be baptized
Catholic response to the Protestant Reformation. Index of Prohibited Books
papal inquisition
Council of Trent
placed limits on the selling of churches
education for the clergy
Source of faith both the bible and the church
Lutheran ideology not accepted
More intense religious art be created
Third Coalition
Britain, Sweden, Austria, Russia, against France and Spain. Russians and Austrians defeated at the Battle of Austerlitz, thus ending the coalition.
Al Qaeda
international alliance of Islamic Terrorist Organizations
supports less censorship and free speech, toleration, free expresion, and rights of the middle and educated classes
Black Shirts
These were Mussolini's bullies who pushed socialist out of Northern Italy
Philip II
(1556-1598) Son and successor to Charles V, ruling Spain and the Low Countries.
Miasmatic Theory
Belief that people contract disease when they breathe the bad odors of decay and putrefying excrement.
Great painter and man of kindness. Painted the school of athens. Showed philosophers of antiquity bearing the features of Raphael's contemporaries.
People who would sell their ideas, often improbable, to the highest bidder were known as __________.
head of the hungarian communist party who was executed in 1958
-Neville Chamberlain
a British Conservative politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from May 1937 to May 1940. Chamberlain is best known for his appeasement foreign policy, and in particular for his signing of the Munich Agreement in 1938, conceding the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia to Germany.
Ulrich Zwingli
: Leader of reformation in Switzerland. Eventually disagreed with
Luther and made his own branch of protestantism, Zwingli.
The Decameron
The collection of short stories Boccaccio wrote. It tells of 7 women and 3 men who fled during the Plague. Frank treatment of sex. One of first major works n Western letters intended to divert and amuse rather than edify.
Small councils in Russian cities and towns to establish law and order, because if police and army gone need councils to keep order, not always radical.
The Meiji Restoration was characterized by
Reform in Japan
Margaret Cavendish
Duchess of Newcastle who participated in debates on matter and mation, the vaccuum, magnetism, and components of color and fire. Prominent writer. Shy because of her being a female. Allowed to attend one session of the Royal Society.
-hosted the Newcastle circle
Bartholomew Diaz
Portuguese explorer who rounded the Cape of Good Hope, but was forced to turn back
petite bourgeoisie
the lower middle class, or "white-collared workers," that often had working class orgins and might even belong to unions, but they had middle-class aspirations and consciously sought to distance themselves from a lower class lifestyle, constantly looking for education opportunities and career advancement for them and of course their children.
English economist who argued that the laws of supply and demand should operate in a free market (1772-1823)
In Western Europe, city dwellers are approximately _______ percent of the population
Justification by Faith
Luther's belief that salvation was aquired by faith and not through religious works and ceremonies
Paris Commune
The small government in Paris who wanted to resist the conservative leaders of France and tried to form their own government
Henry Bessemer
This man revolutionized the way to manufacture steel by making the process quicker and more efficient
pocket borough
Areas of voting that were controlled by a small group of people, the Duke of Newcastle supposedly controlled elections in seven boroughs. The reform bill of 1832 eliminated many of the pocket boroughs.
An important battle in the Asian part of the war, the Americans sank 4 Japanese aircraft carriers
European Community
union of the Common Market, European Atomic Community, coal and steel community
Corn Laws
had been established in Great Britain to regulate foreign grain trade, but were revised in 1815 because of the war. This resulted in protests from urban laborers
Humanist beliefs
Latin was a barbaric language. Most wrote in Medieval Latin or Italian. They definitely had a writing style, elegant and epigrammatic with practice ends designed for persuasion. Secular group.
new monarchs
strongest lords who began to assert their control over vast territories which evolved into modern states. influenced all aspect of society. early evidence of absolutism
Jacques Cartier
A French navigator who first explored the St. Lawrence River. He helped the French establish a name in North American expansion.
Rhineland remilitarization
when Germany moved into the Rhineland and beefed up the military, Britain and France still wanted appeasement and did nothing
Francois Mitterand
a Socialist, he was elected president of France in 1981, and enacted many liberal measures to reduce inflation and aid workers but could not correct France's economic problems and lost power in 1993
member of the Five; famous for using folk and fairy-tale subjects; incredibly skilled in orchestration; main architect of Russian style
Jules Ferry
Under the leadership of Jules Ferry, the moderate republicans of small towns and villages passed a series of laws between 1879 and 1886 establishing free compulsory elementary education for both girls and boys. At the dame time, they greatly expanded the state system of public tax-supported schools. Thus, France shred fully in the general expansion of public education, which served as a critical nation-building tool throughout the Western world in the late nineteenth century. (p.844)
Collectivization of Agriculture
the replacement of private pwasant farms with huge state run and state owned farns
This was the group of economists who believed that the wealth of a nation was derived solely from the value of its land
William III
former duke of Orange married to Mary II of England; owe crowns to Parliament (Glorious Revolution)
Indemnity Bill (1867)
The bill passed by the German Reichstag that legitimated Bismarck's unconstitutional collection of taxes to modernize the army in 1863
Balance of Power
A strategy to maintain an equilibrium, in which weak countries join together to match or exceed the power of a stronger country. It was one of the guiding principles of the Congress of Vienna.
Robert Clive
This man was a British soldier who established the military and political supremacy of the East India Company in Southern India and Bengal. He is credited with securing India, and the wealth that followed, for the British crown.
Chritian Social Party
Anti-Semitism as a political force in Austria.
freedom from feudal organizations
peasants in territories conquered by france were given this
Corn, Potatoes, Cocoa
crops brought from the Americas (New World) to Europe (Old World)
Victor Emmanuel III
King of Italy who gave Mussolini legitimacy as dictator
Battle of Austerlitz
was on December 2, when Napoleon defeated the Russian and Austrian armies in Moravia. This led to the Treat of Pressburg in which Napoleon took Venetia from the Austrians.
Sir Richard Arkwright
Invented water frame at almost the same time as the spinning jenny was invented.
Middle Passage
the route in between the western ports of Africa to the Caribbean and southern U.S. that carried the slave trade
Baptism, Confirmation, Marriage, communion, confession, papal authority, last rights
7 sacraments of the catholic church
John Milton
John Milton was an English poet who defended the English Revolution in his book The Tenure of Kings and Magistrates, saying that people had the right to overthrow their kings if the king was wrong.
James II
this is the brother of charles II who converts to catholicism and therefore is driven out of the country and the throne offered to his daughter mary and her husband william II or Orange
War of Devolution 1667
wanted the Spanish Netherlands due to his wife
pope alexander vi
This was the pope that granted power to Ferdinand and Isabella to appoint bishops to the Spanish territories and also settled the argument between Spain and Portugal over South America, A corrupt Spanish Renaissance pope whose immorality sparked debate about the integrity of the Catholic Church.
William of Orange
Dutch prince invited to be king of England after The Glorious Revolution. Joined League of Augsburg as a foe of Louis XIV.
Institutes of the Christian Religion
John Calvin's major work that established the theology and doctrine of the Calvinist churches
the old regime
This was a social and political system in France (during the 1770's) that divided the French people into the three estates.
Diggers and Levellers
Radical groups in England in the 1650s who called for the abolition of private ownership and extension of the franchise
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (1918)
After Lenin got a hold of the government; he wanted to end the war between Germany. A third of old Russia's population was sliced away by the German meat ax in the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. It was the sacrifice of all of Russia's western territories. (914)
Second Industrial Revolution
This term refers to the second wave of the late 18th century industrial movement which was generally focused in Germany. This second wave, with the movement from domestic systems of production to factory systmes, involved heavy industry and innovations such as mass production.
Partition of poland
France has no leadership and is in no shape for war so they get shollacked, but then their enemies become distracted by the partition of Poland. So france get regroup.
Seditious Meetings Act
This act made it illegal to meet with a group of more than fifty people
Isolation & "Opening" of China and Japan
Isolation to protect against the corruptive west, and a forced opening for reasons of trace
The Factory Act of 1844
Is an extremely important one in the history of family legislation. The Act reduced the hours of work for children between eight and thirteen to six and a half a day, either in the morning or afternoon, no child being allowed to work in both on the same day, except on alternate days, and then only for ten hours. Young persons and women (now included for the first time) were to have the same hours, i.e. not more than twelve for the first five days of the week (with one and a half out for meals), and nine on Saturday. Certificates of age were to be granted in future only by surgeons appointed for the purpose. Accidents causing death or bodily injury were to be reported to these surgeons, who were to investigate their cause and report the result to the inspector. The factory was to be thoroughly washed with lime every fourteen months. A Register was likewise to be kept; in which were to be entered the names of all children and young persons employed, the dates of the lime-washing, and some other particulars. Certificates of school attendance were to be obtained in the case of children.
Battle of Orleans
lead by Joan of Arc and was won by the French. This first win led to many other victories.
- it started because the European countries were distracted by Africa
- Ends because of Russo-Japanese War (+ other near wars)
Why did the Imperial Hiatus of 1878 end and why did it start?
/ 78

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})


{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online