Exploring Medical Language 8 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Aden/o
gland
-sclerosis(suffix)
hardening
inter-(prefix)
between
ant
anterior
bi-
two
cutane/o
skin
staph
staphylococcus
hydr/o
water
noct/i
night
-iasis

(suffix)
condition
intra-

(prefix)
within
endo-

(prefix)
within
endo-

(prefix)
endoskeleton
-emia

(suffix)
blood condition
-emia

(suffix)
anemia
neo-

(prefix)
new
sym-

(prefix)
together, joined
sym-

(prefix)
symbiotic
brady-

(prefix)
slow
scar
cicatrix
c/o
complains of
phren/o(combining form)
mind
ech/o(combining form)
sound
colp/o(combining form)
vagina
ment/o(combining form)
mind
hepat/o(combining form)
liver
enter/o(combining form)
intestines
natr/o(combining form)
sodium
-drome(suffix)
run, running
-partum(suffix)
childbirth, labor
valv/o(combining form)
valve
-crit(suffix)
to separate
cephal/o
head (upward)
cyst/o
bladder, sac
dors/o

(combining form)
back
ungu/o

(combining form)
nail
cutane/o

(combining form)
skin
cutane/o

(combining form)
subcutaneous
hemat/o

(combining form)
blood
hemat/o

(combining form)
hematoma
heter/o

(combining form)
other
trich/o

(combining form)
hair
puerper/o

(combining form)
childbirth
puerper/o

(combining form)
"puer" means child and "parere" means to give birth
peri

(prefix)
surrounding (outer)
tachy-

(prefix)
fast, rapid
xanth/o

(combining form)
yellow
cancer/o

(combining form)
cancer
cyt/o

(combining form)
cell
system/o

(combining form)
system
psych/o

(combining form)
mind
tend/o

(combining form)
tendon
spondyl/o

(combining form)
vertebra
body substance
somatoplasm
profuse sweating
diaphoresis
CHD
coronary heart disease
poli/o(combining form)
gray matter
clavic/o(combining form)
clavicle (collarbone)
radic/o(combining form)
nerve root
chol/e(combining form)
gall, bile
cephalad
toward the head
para-
beside, beyond, around
BUN
blood urea nitrogen
-gram

(suffix)
record, x-ray imaging
-gram

(suffix)
telegram
iatr/o

(combining form)
physician, medicine
lith/o

(combining form)
stone, calculus
chol/e

(combining form)
gall, bile
-phonia

(suffix)
sound or voice
lacrim/o

(combining form)
tear duct, tear
lacrim/o

(combining form)
nasolacrimal, lacrimation
orch/o

(combining form)
testis, testicle
sperm/o

(combining form)
spermatozoa, sperm
orchid/o

(combining form)
testis, testicle
orchid/o

(combining form)
flower bud :)
caud/o

(combining form)
tail (downward)
cancerous tumor (malignant)
carcinoma
CPAP
continuous positive airway pressure
chloroma
tumor of green color
myoma
tumor composed of muscle
-plasm(suffix)
a growth, substance formation
electr/o(combining form)
electricity, electrical activity
sarc/o(combining form)
flesh, connective tissue
bilateral
pertaining to two sides
a
noun suffix, no meaning
-scope

(suffix)
instrument for visual examination
dys-

(prefix)
difficult, labored, painful, abnormal
pertaining to the body
somatic
excessive discharge of sebum
seborrhea
condition of smooth skin
leiodermia
andenoma
tumor composed of glandular tissue
medial (med)
pertaining to the middle
-ectasis

(suffix)
stretching out, dilatation (the process of enlargement or expansion), expansion
femor/o

(combining form)
femur (upper leg bone)
tumor containing fat (benign tumor)
lipoma
tumor of smooth muscle (benign)
leiomyoma
yellow skin (also called jaundice)
xanthoderma
berry-shaped (bacteria) in grape-like clusters
staphylococcus
chondr/o(combining form)
cartilageFirm, rubbery tissue that cushions bones at joints
transverse
horizontal field dividing the body into upper and lower portions
chondr/o

(combining form)
cartilage

Firm, rubbery tissue that cushions bones at joints
chondr/o

(combining form)
condritin
core/o

(combining form)
pupil

The opening of the iris
epididym/o

(combining form)
epididymis

A structure within the scrotum attached to the backside of the testis
tumor made up of nerve (benign)
neuroma
white skin (less color than normal)
leukoderma
tissue
Group of simialar cells that performs a specific task
gangli/o(combining form)
ganglionan aggregation of nerve cell bodies
cerebr/o(combining form)
cerebrum, brainThe largest part of the brain
erythrocytosis
increase in number of red blood cells
hypogastric region (1)
directly below the umbilical region
cerebr/o

(combining form)
cerebrum, brain

The largest part of the brain
appendic/o

(combining form)
appendix

A small outpouching from the beginning of the large intestine (the ascending colon)
improvement or absence of signs of disease
remission
removal of contaminated or dead tissue and foreign matter from an open wound
debridement
Cranial Cavity
space inside the skull containing the brain
irid/o(combining form)
irisThe iris is the circular, colored curtain of the eye
ischi/o

(combining form)
ischium

Bone making up the lower down back part of the pelvis
treatment of cancer using radioactive substance (x-ray or radiation)
cancer radiotherapy (CaXRT)
Nervous tissue
Found in the nerves, spinal cord and brain; responsible for coodinating and controlling body activities
adrenal/o(combining form)
adrenal glandOne of a pair of small glands, each of which sits on top of one of the kidneys
vertebr/o

(combining form)
vertebra

A vertebra is one of 33 bony segments that form the spinal column of humans
lumbar regions (2)
to the right and left of the umbilical region
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