Vocabulary For Roman Empire Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Princeps
"First Citizen"/Augustus
Saturn
God of Harvest
Roman Numeral VII
7
reform
to form again.
Pax Romana
the Roman peace
AD285-305, introduced social, political & economic reforms 2 the empire, removed priveledges that were paid by the provinces &unsuccesfully tried 2 regulate inflation , increased taxation, increased army, devalued currency, divided empire into tet
Diocletian
AD285-305, introduced social, political & economic reforms 2 the empire, removed priveledges that were paid by the provinces &unsuccesfully tried 2 regulate inflation , increased taxation, increased army, devalued currency, divided empire into tet
1st in the late late empire
What happened in Hades?
spirit judged
the favorite title of Augustus
Princeps
Hannibal
a 29-year-old Carthaginian general, who was the mastermind behind the Second Punic War; a brillian military strategist who wanted to avenge Carthage's defeat.
Eucharist
a Christian sacrament commemorating the Last Supper by consecrating bread and wine
octavian
first Roman emperor 27 b.c.–a.d. 14: reformer, patron of arts and literature; heir and successor to Julius Caesar.
Marriage pattern of the Romans is_____________
Monogamy
Caligula
wanted to make his hose consul
Theodosius
380 made christianity an official religion, christians began persecuting pagans
dictator
in ancient Rome,a political leader given absolute power to make laws and command the army for a limited time.
Samites
from central Italy, Romans defeated them
Hannibal Barca
Carthaginian General who invaded northern Italy by bringing elephants over the Alps
Roman Senate
mostly aristocrats with extensive political experience
4 emperors, AD69
galba, otho, vitellius, vespasian
4 emperors, AD69
G
O
V
V
AD211-217, oldest son of septimus servus, murdered brother (geta), brutal rul;er, thought he was alexxander the great, slew 20,000 "disloyal" people, built public baths & granted roman citizzenship to every1 in the empire in AD212 2 increase
caracalla
AD211-217, oldest son of septimus servus, murdered brother (geta), brutal rul;er, thought he was alexxander the great, slew 20,000 "disloyal" people, built public baths & granted roman citizzenship to every1 in the empire in AD212 2 increase
captured wild boars &fought lions, killed brother in mother's arms
Who Made Christianity the Official Religion?
Emperor Theodosius
5 good emperors
Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Aurelius
Christianity
a monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior
Constantine
a Roman emporer, who ended the persecution of Egyptians and he approved of Christianity.
assassination
murdering of someone by secret or sudden attack
Aquaduct
brought in clean water to people's homes from distant strteams and springs
Autocracy
Government system in which the ruler has absolute power
Tetrarchy
Government system ruled by four men with power divided territorially
Consul
a diplomat appointed by a government to protect its commercial interests and help its citizens in a foreign country
Senatus Populusque Romanas
Senate and People of Rome
AD425-455 ruled west, unmilitary & ineffectual leader, vandals attacked rome in AD455, same year he was killed
Valetinian III
gospels
account of Jesus' life and teachings. 4 gospels form the New Testament
triumvirate
a government of three officers or magistrates functioning jointly.
____________was the system of social stratification.
Hierarchical Class System
The Gen is Represented how?
in the individuals name
mystery cults
international, not limited to a place, spiritually satisfying cults, often exclusive
Edict of Milan
313 CE Constantine makes Christianity the primary religion of the Roman Empire
Attila
leader of the Huns when they first united; he was German; known to be very vicious; led attacks against Roman empire.
Marcus Aurelius
Last of the "Good Emperors", Wrote "Meditations" personal reflections of his beliefs, End of the Pax Romana, Emperor of Rome. He was also a military leader
Diocletian
he divided the Empire into 2 parts Eastern and Western
aqueduct
what is a structure that carried water over long distances?
Franks
group of Germanic people who rose to prominence under the leadership of King Clovis
Geography of Rome
near Tiber River; surrounded by mountains; valleys of fertile soil
1st of the good emperors, AD96-98, elderly senator ruled for 16 months, decide emperors should b chosen 4 ability, integrity, legally adopted, adopted trajan as heir
Nerva
1st of the good emperors, AD96-98, elderly senator ruled for 16 months, decide emperors should b chosen 4 ability, integrity, legally adopted, adopted trajan as heir
short ruling
denomination
a religious group or sect that shares particular beliefs, forms of worship, and goverment
Aspects of Mithraism__________________
Began in India and Persia
All MALE RELOGION
Sun god
Spread result of popularity among soldiers
Offered life after death
All men worthy of salvation
Mithraeum=temples
Roman Masses entertainment
they were entertained by bread and circuses
Hadrian's Wall
80 mile wall across northern britan to show the barbarian tribes that rome wasn't expanding
General Marius
Roman General. Created his own army of volunteers that he promised land to after they finished their time in his army. His men were called,"Marius's mules"
Internal Problems
contributed to the fall of the Roman Empire
Vandals
One of a group of Germanic tribes who invaded and destroyed territory in the Roman empire.
What strait connects the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara?
Bosporous Strait
aka Varius Bassianus, son of julia soaemias, grandson of julia maesa, rumor said he was son of carcalla, got his name from syrian son-god, worshiped as a black stone, emperor @ age 14, advancing religion, transvestite, influenced by grandson 2 adopt cousi
Elagabalus
aka Varius Bassianus, son of julia soaemias, grandson of julia maesa, rumor said he was son of carcalla, got his name from syrian son-god, worshiped as a black stone, emperor @ age 14, advancing religion, transvestite, influenced by grandson 2 adopt cousi
the sun thing
Explain how Hypocaust heated Villas and Bathhouses________________.
Central Heating system. Hypocaust. Heating of walls and floors
mercenary
a soldier who is paid to fight in a foreign army.
Rome's origins
The Aenid, a long poem by Virgil tells the story of
Who lived in the Southern area of the Italian peninsula?
the Greeks
Caligula and Nero
Who were two of the worst emperors of Rome?
Who did Caesar anger and why?
Caesar angered the patricians because he was taking too much power and control and started to become disrespectful
ex post facto
no law can be used to punish a person for something done before the law was made
Who appointed Caesar dictator and for how long?
the Roman Senate for 10 years
Western Roman Empire and Eastern Roman Empire
Western Part: the weaker of the two halfs, this empire fell and faded away
Eastern Part: the stronger more powerful half, part of the empire that survived the barbarian attacks and lasted for another 1000 years
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