Western Civilization Final Exam Flashcards

late nineteenth century
Terms Definitions
trading stuff
freedom of choice
aristarchus of samos
Identification of enemies/scapegoats as a unifying cause.
modern/contemporary times; 19th century→ 20th century; full of inventions→progressions→controversial ideas vs. traditional society; 1900 divides old Europe from modern Europe
Petrarch, tribute to Scipio Africanus
-movement that meant to imitate and understand the culture of antiquity.
-Emphasized the responsibilities of humans to improve their communities through social welfare, to beautify their cities, and to devote themselves to the duties of citizenship.
Name of English Legislative Assembly
164 BC
First celebration of Hannukkah
Persian Wars
492-479 B.C. Greeks vs. Persians
system of writing developed by Sumerians that consisted of wedge-shaped impressions made by a reed stylus on clay tablets
Karl Marx
The Communist Manifest. socialist revolutionary. Didn't finish Das Kapital.
symbolized London's golden age, best poet and writer
Philip II
Defended Catholicism, launched the spanish armada in an attempt to punish protestant england and queen Elizabeth I and lost.
Western coastal region of Anatolia, the site of Greek colonies founded by the Mycenaeans
"Demarcation day"- June 6, 1944; invasion of Normandy by US
Critical Thinking: What is the connection between the "new imperialism" of the late nineteenth century and the causes of World War I?
German romantic writer; wrote the Sorrows of Young Werther and Faust
Allied powers
WWII USA, USSR, and Great Britain
Test Act
in England barred Catholics from office by requiring royal officials to swear oaths repudiating the doctrine of transubstanation
a form of socialism that abolishes private ownership
naval battle where the Greek forces defeated the Persians, shortly after the battle at Thermopylae
The Holy Roman Empire began concerning themselves with Italian affairs and neglected their German kingdom. T/F
Giuseppe Garabaldi
radical. was integral in unification of Italy. nationalist.
Old Stone Age. The period associated with the evolution of humans. People made tools from stone and were hunters and gatherers. Humankind produced the first sculptures and paintings. It predates the Neolithic period.
revolutionary leader who tried to wipe out every trace of France's past monarchy and nobility "the uncorruptable"
judged the approximate value of coins and determined the value of currency in relation to another
Black Shirts
supporters of Mussolini, broke up socialist rallies, smashed leftists presses and attacked farmer's cooperatives
Inductive Reasoning
scientists should proceed from the particular to the general
Winston Churchill
strongly disagreed with the new proclamation of lasting peace in Britain; opposed appeasement policy and warned of its consequences; became British prime minister, kept his nation from giving in
the sumerians believed that these gods ruled the cities. true or false?
denotes the building, or complex of buildings, that houses a room reserved for prayer
Nikita Khrushchev
ruled the USSR from 1958-1964; lessened government control of soviet citizens; seeked peaceful coexistence with the West instead of confrontation.
Iron curtain
a metaphorical line of metal dividing Europe
The Fertile Crescent
The cradle of civilization between Mesopotamia and Egypt
Thick sheets of ice that covered parts of the earth during the iceage
Jakob Burckhardt
Solidifies idea of the Renaissance in Italy as being the beginning of Modern Times.
December 7, 1941
U.S. enters war. Pearl Harbor bombing.
The ____________ was used to make a purple dye.
8. Monolatry
Worship of one deity while allowing for the possibility of other deities.
Jesus was born in the small Roman province of ________ during the reign of Caesar Augustus.
The real power belonged to the ______ of the palace.
Austro-Prussian war vs. Denmark
(1864) Bismarck approached Austria about these provinces populated by Germans but controlled by Denmark; convinced Austria to join him in attacking Denmark for the two states (succeed)
People's Charter
sought out 1. universal male suffrage, 2. equal representation through equal geography areas, 3. abolition of the property of qualification, 4. wanted vote by ballot( they wanted this because then they could influence others votes, 5. Annual parliament, 6. Members of parliament are paid: this allowed the working class to be on parliament
going into Russia, how many soldiers does Napoleon wield? coming out?
700,000; >100,000
debate about women
Debate among writers and thinkers about women's qualities and proper role in society
Congress of Vienna
led by Austrian foreign minister, Prince Klemens von Metternich; an attempt to arrange a final peace agreement after the defeat of Napoleon
The two forms of the plague known as the Black Death were bubonic and
In general, the "new unionism"
stressed organization across entire industries
balance of power
a distribution of power among several staes such that no single nation can dominate or interfere with the interests of another
Unification of Germany
Made up of many states, with nationalism and 3 wars they would come together under Bismarck and William I to create the Second Reich, took 3 wars against Denmark, France, and Austria to win unification.
Medieval- Crusades - intolerance
Intolerance for any religion besides Christianity(Muslims and jews). Caused bitterness and hate for Christians and jews who remained in the Muslim region.
Lorenzo de Medici
(1469-1492) The Medicis were the great banking family in Florence in the 15th century. Ruled government of Florence from behind the scene.
Conservative National Assembly
They created a five person executive comitee, they closed national workshops to new work; but on june 23 there were protests led by the socialist workers where more than 10,000 workers were killed as a result
Wannsee Conference
a meeting of senior officials of the Nazi German regime, held in Berlin suburb of Wannsee on 20 January 1942...purpose to inform admin leaders about policies regarding Jews...Heydrich exec.of Final Solution presented plan approved by Hitler for the deportation of the Jewish population of Europe and France
free election
an election in which all citizens can vote.
unifying the northern provinces of the Netherlands, until then under the control of Spain.
Union of Utrecht
Death of Dictators
on april 27, 1945 musolini was caught trying to escape switzerland; there was a quick trial where he was found guilty and hung upside down in the execution of milan;;; on april 28th hitler and his wife were married and on april 30th they both commited suicide
The Institutes of the Christian Religion
Calvin's formulation of Christian doctrine, which became a systematic theology for Protesantism
bill of rights
a formal summary of the right and liberties believed essential to the people
the Great Reform Bill 1832 in England contradicts the governments sentiments in an incident that occurred not to long before. What was this and in what year did it occur
Peterloo Massacre 1819
Agricultural Revolution
A time when new inventions such as the seed drill and the steel plow made farming easier and faster.
The production of food rose dramatically.
Begun in Britain in the 18th century
Jumpstarted the industrial revolution
Enabled Europe to abandon the traditional economy based on labor
What were the consequences of the Neolithic "Revolution"?
1. Advanced Agricultural techniques that produce food surpluses
2. Division of Labor
3. The Rise of the Patriarchy
4. Establishment of Cities
5.Political and social organization
6. Writing and Calendars
three groups in medieval society:
those who prayed, those who fought, those who worked
Concert of Europe
a means to maintain the new status quo the Congress of Vienna had constructed; grew out of the reaffirmation of the Quadruple Alliance of Great Britain, Russia, Prussia, and Austria; renewed their commitment against any attempted restoration of Bonapartist power and agreed to meet periodically to discuss their common interests
Conflict of the Crimean War
there was change of leaders in France to Napoleon III and In Russia to Nicholas I; neither one of them believed in the ideas of the concert of europe so evidently there was going to be some conflict between the two; both of the two countries sought out to expand their powers; conflict also erupted between these two powers because of the decline of the ottoman empire; both of these countries were considered to be the holy land protecters
All of the following were effects of the "barrack emperors" period from 235-284 EXCEPT
the Roman military was strengthened and increased in numbers
All of the following were religious innovations championed by Luther
a new worship service conducted in German
b. denunciations of clerical celibacy and encouragement that all clerics should marry
dissolution of all single-sex monastic orders
e. the Bible should be available for all and thus should be translated into the vernacular
----In his initial criticism of the Church and its practices, Luther focused upon the corruption of the papacy and suggested that reform might come about through church councils. He abandoned that position and ultimately claimed that scripture, God's holy word, was the only true authority, not the institutional church—be it bishop or council.
Spanish expansion and exploration of the New World was BEST characterized by
. the conquest of the Aztec Empire by Cortés
----Spanish expansion in the New World was best characterized by Cortés' conquest of the Aztecs in today's modern Mexico. Magellan was the first to circumnavigate the globe, Balboa was the first European to see the Pacific Ocean, and Pizarro conquered the Incas of South America
/ 70

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})


{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online