to try on
garments mass-produced in factories.
to fit poorly
|pasado/a de moda||
out of style
the periodic popularity, disappearance, and later reappearance of specific styles or general shapes.
semiformal evening dress for men
a close-fitting bodice, sometimes having an extension that covers the hips.
swollen, distended, tumid; overblown or pompous
a styled and three-dimensional representation of the human form used in window displays, as of clothing; dummy.
manufactures constantly research their target market to learn preferences
Channel members that help move products from the producer to the final consumer.
warm coat made of seal skins
a close-fitting, knitted cap that covers the head, neck, and tops of the shoulders, worn esp. by mountain climbers, soldiers, skiers, etc.
deserving or causing hatred; highly offensive
easily managed or controlled; docile; easily worked, shaped, or otherwise handled
Doubling the cost of the merchandise to arrive at the retail price.
seperation of the total consumer market into smaller groups; target markets
|External growth strategy||
mergers and economies of scale
a fitted overcoat with a velvet collar
Strap, band, or tie that holds
backless garment at neck.
Companies base their prices according to competitors prices
a firm, tightly woven fabric of worsted, cotton, polyester, or other fiber, with a twill weave.
a worsted yarn for embroidery and edging.
imitate with effort to equal or surpass or to rival with some degree of success
the quality of being untruthful, an instance of lying
Pants that are narrowly fitted at the hipline then gradually flare beginning at the knee and down to the shoes.
A retail operation that offers only one categories of fashion merchandise
Harper's Bazaar in 1867; Vogue in 1894.
desired end states of existence that apply to many different cultures
(1) Orange, green, and violet. (2) Colors created by mixing equal amounts of two primary colors.
(n) something you buy that costs much less than normal
|Who is Ralph Lauren?||
American 1970's. Lifestyle marketing, was selling a label.
a flat trimming of silk, wool, or other cord, sometimes stiffened with wire, for garments, curtains, etc.
a married woman, esp. one who is mature and staid or dignified and has an established social position.
to send or consign to an inferior position, place, or condition
A line of Handbags created by style icon Alexa Chung for Mulberry
If you wanted to join Alta moda, you need to join the fashion industry in:
|Reniassance 1400 1600||
Fitted waist and bodice w/ full sleeves and skirt
Color are dark lot of lace
influence the crusades ancient greece democratic ideals less religion
Trend setter in fashion men
show off their masculinity
exaggerated shoulder and corset
Codpiece used to hold pants together but became jeweled and stuffed
britiches came into use as men clothing became shorter
venetian - slimmer
Earl renaissance empire waist
mid very fit waist natural waistline
late very fitting waist w/ a sharp dip
hair always covered pulled back and plucked to give a higher hairline
lace and pearls as accents
ruff stuff ruffled collar
medici collar squared neck w/ high lace collar
Strength , height , pride , majesty and dignity
alluring by a show of flashy or vulgar attractions; tawdry.
|Balance of Trade||
is the difference in the value between a country's exports and its imports. It's ideally supposed to be level but US has been importing much more than it exports causing trade deficit
a skirt that is fitted at the hips and gradually widens towards the hem, giving the impression of the shape of a capital letter A. The term is also used to describe dresses and coats with a similar shape
|Natural Fibers: Cotton||
- Origin: Seed of the cotton plant- Advantages: Strong, absorbent, dyes well, draws heat from the body- Disadvantages: Shrinks, weakened by sunlight, wrinkles- Fabrics: Denim, sheeting, poplin, and corduroy- Wash: machine wash
|Who if Madeleine Vionnet?||
1910's created the bias cut, cowl and halter necklines, and marked major change in the structural capacity of clothing.
|What was the Flying Shuttle?||
It is used to weave fabric, i.e. jeans.
Invented by John Kay
|How have imports affected the US fashion industry||
The growth of the textile industry in China has caused more imports to the US. Less then 10% of clothing is made here.
Considered "Budget" clothing...
|la taglia/la misura||
Stealing design ideas
|HI YOU YOU||
The results of an action.
create fashion, initiate trends
a total accessorized outfit
an elaborately patterned lacelike webbing made of hand-knotted cord, yarn, or the like, and used for wall decorations, hanging baskets, garments, accessories, etc.
wastefully or recklessly extravagant or lavish
daily, usual or customary; everyday
Slang term for big jewelry.
middle income to upper income
Obtaining information about what consumers want.
Neckline that falls below the shoulders but can have sleeves over arms.
to overcast (unfinished seams or edges, as in a fabric or rug), esp. by machine, in order to prevent fraying.
lasting a very short time, transitory
calm and tranquil; rich and prosperous; happy and carefree
an inadequate supply; scarcity; lack as during famine
Total revenue from sales before considering returns, allowances, or adjustments.
a fashion that suddenly sweeps into popularity, affects a limited part of the total population, and then quickly disappears
A retail function involving all activities of planning and control concerned with the selling of goods and services to achieve a profit for the retailer
products that add a pleasant scent such as perfume,cologne,and the bath products
deeply scooped neckline shaped like a horseshoe.
The most daring and wild designs
a triangular piece of fabric, often rounded at the top, inserted in a garment to give fullness.
fabric woven with an elaborate design, esp. one having a raised overall pattern.
having many curves, bends, or turns; winding and indirect; devious.
a funeral song expressing mourning in commemoration of the dead
|Peter Pan collar||
A small, close-fitting, usually flat collar with rounded ends meeting in front.
The type of selling that involes direct interaction between sales associates and potential buyers by telephone or in person
owned by one person; advantages - ability to keep all profits, simple to form and easiest to dissolve, ownership flexibility; disadvantages - unlimited financial liability, limited capital, management deficiencies, lack of continuity
A distribution channel in which the producer sells goods or services to the final user.
|Color forecasting organizations||
Most significant to the apparel industry: The Color Association of the United Sates
-The color box
special clothes that people wear at formal occasions
|how many groups can media be put into||
a short full flounce or an extension of a garment below the waist, covering the hips.
a box or chest, esp. one for valuables.
a person or thing that precipitates an event or change
A brand of trendy sheepskin boots from Australia
|triangle shirt waist factory||
fire in 1911, 146 women died
The garment district is on this street in New York...
|3 types of design||
- fructure - structure - decortive
movement , strength , force line of action
a speech or writing in praise and in honor of a deceased person
|Discuss 5 psychographic trends||
1. Community- people are looking for connections to the community
2. Cocooning- people isolate themselves from fears of war by shopping on the internet
3.Work At Home-people who work at home love online shopping
4. Stress- busy consumers are overwhelmed with merchandise, they prefer to limit themselves to few websites.
5. Increased at home use of computer-People are more likely to shop on the internet.
|Middle Ages 476 AD- 1450 AD||
influence religion *****
color bright jewel tones inspired by the stained glass windows in churches
all natural fiber
Coat of arms - lord family
Clan Plaids family
Dagging mark of nobility
Accessories Hat hat hat
|What are examples of consumer products affected by fashion?||
cars, furniture, accents, appliances-colors/more design features, cell phones, laptops, technology, books, glasses, hairstyles, make-up
|Who is Alexander McQueen?||
Known as the bad boy fashion with theatrical and extravagant runway shows
|What is the culmination stage?||
mass exception the top of the bell curve
Lower price points
|a series of points connected to form a narrow path is||
name 3 types
diagonal, vertical, horizontal
to try on
|los tacones altos||
|tienda de ropa||
downright, thorough, unmitigated, notorious
el disenador de iluminacion
resembling a box in rectangularity
Particular or individual interpretation, version, or treatment of style
to speak falsely, deliberately misstate or create an incorrect impression; to lie
creates original textile surface designs that may include color combinations and repeats
a close-fitting, low-cut top having shoulder straps and often made of lightweight, knitted fabric.
Lines without curves or bends.
|What was invented in 1925?||
sluggish in temperament; gloomy or taciturn
absence or suppression of passion, emotion, or excitement; lack of interest in or concern for things that others find moving or exciting
A knitted, button-front shirt with half sleeves and a small, flat collar with pointed tips.
The advance guard of the newly awakened youth in the U.S. appeared in the latter part of the 1950s. They adopted the eccentric habits of dress and grooming- beards, pony tails, dirty sneakers, and peasant blouses.
French term for male high fashion designer.
members who share beliefs and common experiences that set them apart from others
|Consumer fashion publications||
-Deals with the consumers
|how our eyes perceive various light waves is called||
a woman's outer garment having a drawstring, belt, or similar closing, at or below the waist, which causes it to blouse.
an unconverted individual of a people that do not acknowledge the God of the Bible; a person who is neither a Jew, Christian, nor Muslim; pagan.
a stone, ring, or other object supposed to possess occult powers to be worn as an amulet or charm
tending to delay or procrastinate; to slow
insidious cunning in attaining a goal; crafty or artful deception
The revenue generated from sales minus sales returns and allowances.
A major postwar designer who was Spanish born and opened his first Paris establishment in 1937. His work showed a mastery of almost sculptural forms and shapes and frequently his styles were well ahead of their time.
A _____________ is a long piece of paper upon which the pieces of the pattern of a garment in all its sizes are outlined and which is placed on top of many layers of material for cutting purposes.
cloak that is folded or wrapped around a person
the passing love for a new fashion that is accompanied by a display of emotion or crowed excitment
|there are 3 types of balance||
Asymmentrial and Symmentrial
likely to change, esp. due to caprice, irresolution, or instability; casually changeable:
of or pertaining to an island or islands, or detached and isolated
|What is the ideal way to balance imports||
a new style accepted by a limited number of fashion leaders that want to be the first to adopt changes an innovation in fashion.
|What is costing?||
Determine the exact cost of the garment.
Materials, trimming, production pattern making, assembly and cutting, finishing, freight, duty and overhead
|What is the decline stage?||
comprises the decline and obsolence
style achieves highest sales found at lowest prices
a sewing stitch made by passing the needle in and out repeatedly with short, even stitches.
a model or pattern of excellence or of a particular excellence
|What is a Knock-off?||
Copy of someone else's design. They must have rapid production capabilities, lower prices, garment selling awareness
|Who opened the first couture house in 1858?||
Charles F Worth
|theory of cognitive dissonance||
based on the premise that people have a need for order and consistency in their lives and that a state of tension is created when beliefs or behaviors conflict with one another
|How does fashion acceptance affect the timing of design?||
Consumers immediate flock to new styles and design needs to be done at the right speed.
|How designers communicate their ideas to members of the team?||
Pattern maker makes a sample size of the garment and is presented to sales, purchasing, production and cost accounting.
|What is the best way for the industry to cater to the grey market, gen x and gen y?||
1. grey market- To have online website available for products and easy shipping.
2. Gen X- start selling more Christmas sweaters and clothing for family-aimed events.
3. gen y- contemporary advertising and cheap but modern clothing.