Fashion Vocab Flashcards

Terms Definitions
design
tegumood
tejidos/telas
fabrics
polo
...
loose
flojo
mandain
...
calcetines
socks
hoodies
don't
las lentejuelas
secuins
el bolso
bag
snap
der Druckknopf
anoche
last night
el chaleco
vest
pret-a-porter
ready-to-wear clothing.
resistente
resistent (good quality)
destacarse
to stand out
mettersi
to put on
Prêt-a-porter
French term for ready-to-wear.
de color claro
pastel colors
fuera de onda
out of vogue
Fashion
the currently accepted, prevailing type of clothing that is favored by a large segment of the public at any given time.
safari
a belted, hip-length, shirtlike jacket, usually with four patch pockets and a notched collar, adapted from the hunting coat customarily worn in the African bush.
bustier
a woman's close-fitting, sleeveless, strapless top, often elasticized, usually having boning or facing to give it shape, and worn as a blouse.
erudite
characterized by great knowledge; learned or scholarly
Grunge look
An intentionally disheveled style featuring rock concert T-Shirts, plaid flannel shirts and long, unkempt hair.
Fashion Forecasting
designers, merchandisers and buyers must learn to predict trends which are new directions in fashion
Selling
Determining customer needs and wants and responding to those needs and wants through planned, personalized communication intended to influence purchase decisions and ensure satisfaction.
Sheath
a dress suitable for formal occasions
notion
small articles, as buttons, thread, ribbon, and other personal items, esp. such items displayed together for sale, as in a department store.
disparate
distinct in kind and essentially different; dissimilar
umbrage
offense, annoyance or displeasure; the slightest indication or vaguest feeling of suspicion, doubt or hostility
Till
The cash drawer of a cash register.
fashion forecasters must
distinguish current trends, estimate how widespread they are, determine when these fashions will appeal to the firms target market
bundling
Assembling the cut pieces of each pattern - sleeves, collars, fronts, and backs - into ___________ according to their sizes.
Shirtwaist
a blouse with buttons down the front
Chelsea
Flat collar formed from a v-neckline; long, pointed ends at front; popular during 1960s and revived in 1980s.
Accessories
The articles added to complete or enhance apparel outfits.
caftan
a long, full, usually collarless robe with wide sleeves that is worn at home for lounging or entertaining or at the beach as a cover-up.
briton
a native or inhabitant of Great Britain, esp. of England.
compendium
a brief account of an extensive subject; a summary
vitiate
to impair or weaken the effectiveness of; invalidate
Beatnik
A term used to describe the informal casual dress of the young in the 50s that featured leotards, form-fitting pants, and oversized shirts.
Steps of selling
The basic selling process that inculdes seven steps: Approach the customer, determine needs, present the product, overcome objections, close the sale, perform suggestion selling and follow up
partnership
owned by a few people; advantages - ease of formation, complementary management skills, greater financial capacity than sole proprietorship, less red tape than corporaton; disadvantages - unlimited financial liability, interpersonal conflicts, lack of continuity if partner dies, harder to dissolve than sole proprietorship
Marketing concept
A business approach that directs all marketing efforts towards customer wants and needs.
Apparel trade publications
National Retail Federation (use for information)
Fashion Group International (members of fashion industry in different aspects)
take it seriously
to think that someone/something is important and should be given careful attention
Who is Pierrre Cordin?
created nude look
broadened marketing with licensing
a-line
(esp. in women's clothing) a cut of garment consisting basically of two
eschew
to abstain or keep away from; shun; avoid:
vituperate
to use or address with harsh or abusive language; revile
bodice
a usually fitted vest or wide, lace-up girdle worn by women over a dress or blouse, esp. a cross-laced, sleeveless outer garment covering the waist and bust, common in peasant dress.
Samuel Slater
memorized how the water run frame and spinning jenny loom operated; set up a mill in new england
Muccia Prada.
The Italian designer who worked as a mime performer before inheriting the family leather handbag business is:
Trickle across
all social classes have a fashion at the same time (theroy about how fashion moves)
Monochromatic colors
Same sade different color , sky blue bby blue
refute
to prove to be false or erroneous, as an opinion or charge
Name three factors that influence consumer spending
Personal income, Disposable income, Discretionary income.
Dropped waist
the waistline of a dress, gown, or the like when it is placed at the hips rather than at the natural waist
Non Woven Fabrics
- They are cheap to manufacture and nit very strong (unless there is a backing)- Manufactured by putting small fibers together in the form of a sheet and then binding them either with an adhesive- Mainly produced by man-made fibers- Fabrics include Felt, Pellon, and Imitation leather.
What does the fashion cycle refer to?
A style's introduction, growth, maturity, and decline. Move at different rates.
What is the hobble skirt?
Paul Poiret shows this at Le Miraret. Exposed legs for the first time in 1912.
Process of preparing good for shipment to retailers?
By truck, rail, or air. Shipments must be consolidated. When reorders come in, they recut only the garments that are most in demand.
seda
silk
Wrap
...
Tent
...
Boxy
...
500
quinientos/as
pratico
practical
Runway
la pista
el agadon
cotton
pointed flat
...
las joyas
jewelry
i jeans
jeans
El llavero
key chain
la cadena
the chain
caer bien
to like
Style
Certain way of dressing
Shade
When black is added
probity
integrity and uprightness; honesty
needle clam
holds needle in place
1930's
-Soft looks: loose, light fabrics
-Long hemlines
-Big hats, big brims
-The housedress
-Fox fur
-Wraps
-Platform shoes
-Broad shouldered jackets
Designers: Jean Desses, Madame Gres, James Manbocher
un par de
a pair of
precarious
dependent on circumstances beyond one's control; uncertain, unstable or insecure
temperate
moderate or self-restrained; not extreme in opinion, statement, or overly indulgent in appetite or passion
hourglass (accented lower half) 1950
draw it!
Generation X
"slackers or busters" profoundly affected by the economic downturn in the first part of the 1990's
Intensity
brightness or dullness of a color
un paio di calze
a pair of......
malinger
to pretend illness, especially in order to shirk one's duty or avoid work
Active listening
Providing the speaker with feedback that indicates the message is eing recieved and is understood
fashion trends
are styling ideas that major collections have in collections
brand
name, trademark, or logo used to identify the products of a specific maker or seller
Market segmentation
Dividing the entire market into smaller groups having similar characteristics.
Who was a milliner for Bergdorf Goodman?
Halston
chine
noting or pertaining to a fabric having a variegated pattern produced by warp threads that have been dyed, printed, or painted before weaving.
bequeath
To dispose of personal property, esp. money by last will:
attenuate
to weaken or reduce in force, intensity, effect, quantity, or value; to make thin, slender or fine
Beehive hairstyle
An upswept, bouffant version of the French twist, popular in the 50s, 60s, and early 70s.
Imports
are goods that are bought from a foreign country and brought here. Retailers want to give their customers the best quality products at the lowest prices, this meant more imports to the US from low-wage countries.
stitch pattern control
regulates the selection of different stitching patterns
value system
set of rankings constitutes of a culture
Shift and Chemise
a loose-fitting dress hanging straight from the shoulders without a waist
Boat/Bateau
cut in shallow curve from shoulder to shoulder.
What were the general fashion trends in the 1990's?
minimalist
grunge
ubran hip-hop
retro
sartorial
of or pertaining to clothing or style or manner of dress:
nimbus
a geometric shape, usually in the form of a disk, circle, ring, or rayed structure, traditionally representing a radiant light around or above the head of a divine or sacred personage, an ancient or medieval monarch, etc.
acerbic
sour or astringent in taste; harsh or severe, as of temper or expression
libertine
a person who is morally or sexually unrestrained, or a freethinker in religious matters
Seventh Avenue
the main street of New York City's garment district; the term is meant to represent the whole district.
body cathexis
a person's feelings about his or her body
ford
a style or design that is produced at the same time by many different manufactures at many different prices
Who was John Galiano?
1990's. Produced bias-cut evening wear and new designs for Dior
goad
to prick or drive with, to prod or incite
What are the three components of fashion?
style, change, acceptance, taste
Most important color forecasting?
Of the two color forecasting services listed in the slides, Pantone is the one most associated with fashion and home textiles.
What is the Spinning Jenny?
Invented by James Hargreaves.
Used in spinning thread.
hair pulled back into knot in back leaving hair at forehead and temples arranged in curls
a la chinoise hairdo
10 steps involved in Product Development?
1. Market Research: Review info on trends, colors, etc
2. Idea Conception
3. Garment design: sketching, computer aided design
4. Budget concerns
5. Pattern making: Design is sent here
6. Grading: or sloped to each various size it will be made
7. Marking: pattern layout is made on a thin sheet of paper
8. Cutting
9. Assembly
10. Finishing and inspecting
Natural Fibers: Silk (ADDITIONAL info)
- How it was made remained a secret for 1000s of years.- Dates back to about 3000bc in China- The silkworm turns into the "Bombax mori moth", indigenous to China- About 5500 silkworms are required to produce 2.2lbs of raw silk.- Silk filament is as strong as steel of the same thickness (much stronger than cotton or wool).
cómodo
comfortable
large
grande
moche
ugly
cien
100
demand
required activity
las sudaderas
sweats
la gorra
hat
la seta
silk
el prendedor
pin
sin mangas
sleeveless
novecientos noventa
990
mercilessly
having no mercy
silk
asia, soft, staticy
en solde
on sale
de manga corta
short-sleeved
une natte
a braid
Vertical mill
perform all processes
el color brillante
bright color
clad
wearing or provided with clothing
hardlines
nontextile items (major appliances, tools, etc.)
Bill enclosures
Manufacturer or retailer-produced statement enclosures that offer retailers low-cost selling opportunities.
mil cuatrocientos cincuenta y seis
1456
Fluorescents
Provide the best ambient lighting. Most often used in interior ceiling, floor, and wall cases. Least expensive to operate, long lamp life; high light output
store layout
interior arrangement of retail facilities
Adornment
the act of decorating the body
*____ colors advance, increasing in apparent size.
Warm
Marketing Mix
Product, Price, Place, Promotion, People
el sueter de cuello alto
turtle neck sweater
Achromatic Colors
not highly colors colors (white, black, gray)
*With Product and Design Development, what happens in February?
Research fabrics
selvage
thin band of different textured fabric found at the edge of a piece of cross stitch fabric
Cotton production
Made from blossoms, fibers are cleaned and afterward are straightened by carding process
Clearance price
Price asked when increasing the appeal of goods to customers for purposes of inventory management
principle of interception
greater consumer traffic, the greater those sites allow businesses to intercept consumers as they travel from one source to another
Decline Stage
consumers grow tired of fashion and desire something new
-marked down/ making room for new designs
craze
the passion love for a new fashion that is accompanied by a display of emotion or crowd excitement
*____ is seen when light is reflected off items into the eye.
Color
The process of market and trend research, merchandising, design, and development of the final product.
Product development
Fashion goods
Frequent change in styling in order to maintain acceptance from consumers; New trends
exclusive market coverage
involves using one location to serve either an entire market area or some major segment of that market
baffle
a linear or round unit in a luminaire designed to shield light from a view
mass fashion
styles that arr produced in volume and widely sold at lower prices.
Universal Product Code
Standard bar code, now updated to UPCA that includes numbers as well as bars and spaces.
With Wholesale Marketing Strategies, what are the 3 types of Advertising used?
1) Image Advertising 2) Item Advertising 3) Cooperative Advertising
*Decision 1: Domestic- What factors?
No trade barriers, shipping may be lower, made in USA. Labor costs may be higher, some fabrics may not be readily available.
*Three methods for creating the first pattern
Draping, Flat pattern, and Computer patterns
*What are 4 elements of design-the fundamental building blocks to create a design?
1) Line 2) Shape, form, silhouette 3) Color 4) Texture
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