Federalism-AP Gov Flashcards

Terms Definitions
both
borrow money
state power
establish local gov'ts
Competitive/New/Fiscal Federalism
"Devolution Revolution" More conservative agenda under Reagan presidency; National government gives more responsibility to the states, block grants do give the states more flexibility but they came attached with conditions of aid and mandates, along with block grants categorical grants went up also to control the states, and the amount of money changed; National government made sure the states interests didn't come before there own; National government devolutionized powers to the states; states competed for grants; intergovernmental lobbies exploded during this time and competed for block grants; explosion of conditions of aid and mandates to control the states.
National powers
controlling trade between states; creating army; coin and printing money; admiting new states; declaring war and peace; making laws for immagration
Civil War
tension btw. national state government; states can't deny people of liberty
James Madison
federalist; wrote the Federalist Papers, wrote Virginia Plan; Republican
New Federalism
system in which the national government restores greater authority back to the states
Dred Scott
Missouri Compromise: rold states you can have slavery even if you move (property)
Ronald Reagan
Starve the Beast (gov't)-->cut taxes, fund the military to a big amount, and Social Security goes up; more money in block form, get discretions, but you can choose what you want, not imposed (New Federalism: dual/coop)
Gibbons vs. Ogden
Questions: navigation commerce, extent of control of commerce by national government, whether congress has exclusive control over interstate commerce; supremacy clause; defined inter/intra state commerce; commerce clause
Unitary System
system of government in which sovereignty is wholly in the hands of the national government, so that the state and local governments are dependent on its will.
recall
procedure whereby voters can remove an elected official from office
extradition clause
article IV sec.2 establishes legal process by which a fugitive from justice in one state is returned to that state
states' rights
the rights and political powers that U.S. states possess in relation to the federal government, guaranteed by 10th amendment
Necessary and proper clause
Constitutional clause that gives congress the power to make all laws "necessary and proper" for executing its powers
Federalist No.45
Madison said, "the powers delegated by the constitution to the federal gov are few and defined. Those that remain in the state govs are numerous and indefinite
Great Society
Pres. Lyndon Johnson's broad array of programs designed to redress political, social, and economic inequality
Cooperative Federalism
in which the national and state governments share responsibility for public policies.
Confederation
Type of government in which power is held by independent states, central government is a product of constituent governments
Block grants
a form of fiscal federalism where federal aid is given to the states with few strings attached.
intergovernmental lobby
An interest group made up of mayors, governors, and other state and local officials who depend on federal funds
reserve powers
powers reserved to the states by the Tenth Amendment that lie at the foundation of a state's right to legislate for the public health and welfare of its citizens
Republicanism
a form of gov't in which powers reside in the ppl and is exercised by their elected representatives
Categorical grants
can be used only for specific purposes (or categories) of state and local spending.
Tenth Amendment
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.
Special-Act Charter
applies to a certain city and lists what that city can and cannot do
Dual Federalism
(Layer cake federalism)
19th C - 1930's Depression
It held that authority of the federal gov was limited to enumerated powers- those specifically granted to Congress, the president and the courts in the Constitution. The other powers fall to the states.
Proponents- ignore elastic clause which expanded the power of Congress to enact new laws
-play up the 10th am that focused on authority of the states
-federal and states are each sovereign in their own sphere
Barron v. Baltimore
bill of rights cannot be applied to state governments (owners of barron's wharf)
US v morrison
the court, in a five to four decision, said that any attacks against womten are not, and do not substantially affect, interstate commerce, and hence congress cannot constitutionally pass such a law.
full faith and credit clause
article IV, sec 1 commands that states give full faith and credit to another states public acts, records and judicial proceedings
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