World History Islam Test Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Islam
Religion
bida
heretical innovation
Qibla
direction of Mecca
the first pillar
Howard Cossell
Muhammad's sports commentator?
Abu Bakr
The first Caliph
When did Muhammad die?
632 C.E.
Hijra
journey from Mecca to Medina
Muslim
"submission" someone who follows Islam
oasis
place of water in the desert
Chinese
Who invented toilet paper? The romans?
Islam
"achieving peace through submission to God"
Jinn
invisible creatures of other dimension mentioned in the Quran as the other rational species created by God along with man. Some of them hear the Quran and believe.
Kabba
A small, cubical building in the courtyard of the Great Mosque at Mecca containing a sacred black stone: regarded by Muslims as the House of Allah (God).
Which capital city was founded during the Abbasid Dynasty (Empire?
Baghdad
Hajj
pilgrimage to Mecca; must be performed atleast once in a lifetime
Abbasids
second and longest ruling family of caliphs 750-1500
House of Wisdom
library in Baghdad, arabic translations of Plato and Aristotle's works were here, contained math texts from India
tithe
pay a tenth of one's income, especially to the church
Shaykh ‘Ali Jum’a (Mufti of Egypt)
Madhhab Traditionalist
Karbala
Husayn sees town waiting, party is killed, 10 Muharam 680
Ali
muhammads son in law became the 4th caliph
What caliphs expanded the Muslim Empire by 6,000 mile?
Uthman and Ali
Ibn Khaldun
one of the most prominent Muslim historians of his time. He traveled widely throughout the Muslim world and wrote of the things that he saw, which gives present day historians an accurate of account of life at that time. He also believed that history was cyclic
Circular
This city had 3 protective walls in this shape
Rubaiyat
One of the finest poems ever written, composed by Omar Khayyam.
Qur'an
The book of all the passages Muhammad received from the angel Gabriel
Plotinus (d. 270)
idea of emanations, through proper understanding, one can achieve unity with the One
Whose reign brought the high point of the Abbasid dynasty?
Harun al-Rashid
Sufis pursued a life of ____ and devotion to a ____ path.
poverty, spiritual
Suleiman The Magnificent
The most famous Sultan of the Ottomans, Suleiman the magnificent led the Ottomans into a golden age in 1520-1566. He was a brilliant war general and took the Ottomans on to conquer areas of eastern Europe and a much larger portion of the middle east. He improved their government substantially and assumed the role of absolute power.
Al-Shafi’i (d. 820)
scholar who united Partisans of Hadith and Partisans of Reason
Palace and Mosque
These two things were in the inner circle of Baghdad
Banu Qaynuqa, Banu Nadir, Banu Qurayza
the Jewish tribes of Medina
‘Ali b. Abi Talib (d. 660)
cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad, fourth caliph
Eat pork, drink alcohol, gamble, they can have four wives
Muslim rules - Not supposed to ?
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