World War I Vocabulary Terms Flashcards

Terms Definitions
1887
Reinsurance Treaty
U-Boat
undersea boat, submarine
reparations
payments after war
who assassinated A.F.F?
Serbian Nationalist
espionage
another word for spying
Triple Alliance
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
george v
leader of great britain
allince system
defense agreements among nations
Kerensky
Leader of Russia's provisional government after the abdication of Czar Nicholas II; he introduced democratic reforms but continued the war with Germany
league of nations
encouraged international cooperation
War Bonds
Short-term loans that individual citizens made to the government that financed two-thirds of the war's cost.
eastern front
baltic sea to black sea
Armistice
Agreement to stop fighting 11.11.1918 (11 o'clock)
England
#1 power; naval might; isolationist tendency
socialist
person who belices industries should be publicly owned and run by the government rather than by private individuals
Selective Service Act
Men 21-31 years old
Tanks
heavy armored vehicle which could travel over barbed wire and across enemy trenches
British Blockade
Navy
-effort to subdue Germany
-cut off flow of supplies
-strangle trade
pan-slavism
A movement to promote the independence of Slav people. Roughly started with the Congress in Prague; supported by Russia. Led to the Russo-Turkish War of 1877.
trench warfare
soldiers fight each other from trenches
arms race
The British, Germans, French, Itlians, Japanese and Americans began a(n) ______ ______, stockpiling weapons, recruiting armies and launching battleships to protect their interest at home and abroad.
when the war starts, what country joins the allied powers?
italy
contraband
cargo that was forbidden for neutral ships to carry during wartime, such as guns and ammunition
George Creel
Ran the commitee on public information(CPI)
Zimmerman Note
Message proposing an alliance between Germany and Mexico
Triple Entente
An alliance between Great Britain, France and Russia in the years before WWI.
convoy
a group that travels with something, such as a ship, to protect it
Triple Axis
An alliance shared between: Germany, Japan, and Italy in WWII.
Woodrow Wilson
President who promoted peace. Made Germany pay.
Central Powers
the alliance formed between Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire
grigory rasputin
self-proclaimed holy man and healer whom many russians viewed as corrupt and immoral. influenced government through the czars.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
was an Archduke of Austria-Este, Austro-Hungarian and Royal Prince of Hungary and of Bohemia, and from 1889 until his death, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne.Gets assassinated by Gavrilo Princip
Petain
Led the French in the Battle of Verdun; "They shall not pass!"
zimmerman telegram
january 1917 the british intercepted a telegram from the german government offering german support to the mexican government if mexico declared war against the us, offered to return land mexico lost the us
War Industries Board
-Agency established during WWI to increase efficiency & discourage waste in war-related industries.
-Headed by Bernard Baruch, could order businesses to support war by building more plants, etc.
Balance of Power
Came from Congress fo Vienna
(Metternick) after Napoleonic Wars
vittorio orlando
He was the Italian representative at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. He pushed for a revenge-based treaty at Versailles, hampering the 14 points.
Neutrality
The attitude or policy of a nation that doesn't take part directly or indirectly in a war between two nations
Lusitania
A British ship sunk by German U-Boat in May 1915 with 128 Americans onboard. Wilson said "America is too proud to fight", made pact with Germany that they wouldn't hurt anymore US ships, which Germany broke.
40. Known as the "powder keg of Europe" due to the tension
Balkans
War Communism
in World War I Russia, government control of banks and most industries, the seizing of grain from peasants, and the centralization of state administration under Communist control
Otto Von Bismark
Established the Dual Alliance between Germany & Austria Hungary, then triple Alliance with Italy.
War Guilt Clause
blaming Germany; forced to pay $33 billion in reparations
fourteen points
a series of peace proposals created by Woodrow Wilson;
outlined a plan for achieving a just and lasting peace; first four included an end to the secret treaties, freedom of the seas, free trade and reduced nation armies and navies; fifth was the adjustment of colonial claims; the sixth through thirteenth were specific suggestions for changing borders and creating new nations; fourteenth proposed a general association of nations
4th underlying cause of WWI? (I)
Imperialism- desire for colonies
Zimmermann Note
message sent in 1917 by the German foreign minister to the German ambassador in Mexico, proposing a German-Mexican alliance and promising to help Mexico regain Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona if the U.S. entered WWI
Polish Corridor
It was a strip of German territory that was awarded to newly independent Poland by the Treaty of Versailles. It was 20-70 meters wide and gave Poland access to the Baltic Sea and separated East Prussia from the rest of Germany.
Significance: The entire situation caused friction between Poland and Germany, ultimately culminating in the German invasion of Poland in 1939 and World War II.
The Lusitania
The British ship that was topedoed by Germany. Americans also on the boat were killed.
Russian Revolution
The mensheviks was a faction of the russian revolutionary movement that emerged in 1903 after a dispute between vladimir lenin and julius martov
progressive diplomacy
T. Roosevlet, W. Taft, and W. Wilson contributed; commercial expansion backed by growing military presence in Carribbean, Asia and Mexico
changes in us economy
liberty bonds, trade increased, crop production increased, opportunity for minorities
Britain enters the war
-August 4th Germany invades Belgium and on the same day Great Britain declares war on Germany
-Two Reasons:
1. Germany committed a moral crime by invading a neutral country
2. Great Britain would not tolerate an enemy occupying a country so close to them
"war guilt" clause
This part of the 14 points make Germany at fault for the first World War this contradicts Wilson's idea for "Peace without Victory"
D-day, June 6, 1944
battle of normandy, allies land in france, beginning of the fall of the Geramans
Armastice
This treaty made a break in the war to start negotiations.
european boundries were changed atempting to
draw borders that satifised demands for ethnis self rule
Chinese Cultural Revolution
In 1966 Mao launched this and it focused on the abolishment of intellectual society and western, capitol influence .
Who led the AEF forces in Europe?
General John J. Pershing.
great britain, france, italy, russia, japan
who are the new allied powers?
Germany decided to do what
Germany decided to stand by austria threw what ever happens
efforts to support war efforts on the homefront
hoover/food administration, war industries board, war labor board, liberty bonds, selective service, victory gardens
Why the USA entered WWI
Because We lent Britain money, and the Zimmerman Note
name the main direct cause of the war
assaination of archduke Franz ferdinand
How did Americans support the war effort at home
By preserving their food and saving food for the soliders cause not only did they have to feed their troops, they had to feed the allies troops
What did the Battle of Marne prove?
it proved that everyone had the same technology
What was the peace offensive and what was its goal?
It was a series of daring attacks to defeat the Allies quickly and bring peace on German terms
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