World War II Vocabulary 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Operation Overlord
Lend-Lease Act
the German Austria
Lightning War (Germany)
lower house of legislature
Germany, Italy, and Japan
(North Atlantic Treaty Organization)defesive alliance formed in 1949 by the U.S., European nations, and Canada
limiting what people can buy
Mass slaughter of civilians, especially Jews
americans victimization of japanese americans
- Used to Spot Planes
General Hideki Tojo
nationalist leader of Japan
Because the Japanese still wouldn't surrender after an atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, a second bomb was dropped on Nagasaki on August 9, 1945. 60,000 people were killed.
what were japanese tought is forbidden?
"The Night of Broken Glass"; State-sponsored pogram; 91 Jews murdered, Business destroyed, Temples burnt; Waves of Jewish sent to Concentration camps next day
northern china, japs invade and conquer
3 names for d-day invasion
normandy,d-day,operation overlord
Third Reich
The Nazi government or Empire
a political theory advocating an authoritarian hierarchical government (as opposed to democracy or liberalism)
truman doctrine
rooted in containment, limited communism in areas under soviet conrol.
Stalin's Policy
master at propaganda, believed Russia had to be strong internally and should defer efforts for an international communist revolution, belived Russia should set the stage for Socialism
Doolittle Raid
USA bombs Tokyo and Nagoya (1942)
Captured in June, 1945: last major Japanese island to fall to the Allies. Okinawa was an island that the US needed to seize in order to use it for an airstrip.
Treaty of rome -> EEC
European economic community.
English general considered one of the greatest generals in history (1650-1722)
giving up principles to pacify an aggressor
"Desert Fox"
Erwin Rommel's nickname from his leadership in the North African Campaign.
Weimar Republic
it was the parliamentary republic established in 1919 in Germany. It was established to replace the imperial form of government there.
New Deal
Roosevelt's plan to help end depression
August 6th first atomic bomb on Japan
Axis control
1/2 France, Poland, Italy, Germany, Balkans, Low countries
war like act against another nation without just cause
a picturesque region of Germany around the Rhine river
Saved power and good practice for potential bomb raids
Benito Mussolini
"Il Duce" leader of Italy, facist, wanted to create a new roman empire
"crimes against humanity"
what the Nazis were charged for
Adolf Hitler
German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945)
Dwight D. Eisenhower
general directing Allie dforces to Normandy
tuskegee airmen
332 Fighter Group famous for shooting down over 200 enemy planes. African American pilots who trained at the Tuskegee flying school.
The US cut off the shipment of resources needed for war to the Japanese
What was 'Kristallnacht'
The nights of anti-semitic riots across Germany that destroyed all Jewish businesses and synagogues.
Final Solution
When Hitler put the Jews in ovens
Operation Torch
The Allies planned invasion of North Africa; it was made possible by the Battle of El Alamain
Dwight Eisnehower
5-star rank. became prez. head of army. planed D-day
Battle of Britain
the prolonged bombardment of British cities by the German Luftwaffe during World War II and the aerial combat that accompanied it
Led army group known as Nationalists against Spanish Popular Front after they had won the 1936 elections. The Civil War that followed resulted in 600,000 deaths and extreme cruelties on both sides. After the Nationalist rebels succeeded against the Republicans, Franco became Spain's dictator. Since Italy and Germany had given him support, this was considered a defeat for the cause of democracies. However, Franco did not tie his fate to the Axis powers in WW II and was thus able to survive them in 1945. He continued as dictator of Spain until his death in 1975 after which the Spanish Bourbon dynasty was restored under King Juan Carlos. Spain adopted a liberal constitution in 1976 and made a remarkable transition from dictatorship to pluralistic democracy.
treaty that set out how Germany should be punished for World War One
V-J Day: Meaning of "V-J"
Victory over Japan Day
What did Hitler do when the Soviets invaded Berlin?
committed suicide
Marshall Plan
was plan to help rebuild recovery in Europe after war to make sure they won't be tempted join communist
D day
June 6, 1944, World War II Allies worked together in the largest water-to-land invasion in history
"Island Hopping"
A U.S. military strategy in WWII of attacking a selected number of islands in the PAcific in order to reach within striking distance of Japan.
Battle of Stalingrad
Soviet and German armies fought this war. The Red Army (Russia) was victorious and saved Stalingrad
Atlantic Wall
built by krauts to defend an invasion, but we dont invade there quite
April 30, 1945 (Germany)
Hitler and Eva Braun commit suicide
Pearl Harbor
unprovoked attack by Japan on the U.S. naval base in Hawaii
wolf pack
The term wolf pack refers to the mass-attack tactics against convoys used by German U-boats of the Kriegsmarine during the Battle of the Atlantic and submarines of the United States Navy against Japanese shipping in the Pacific Ocean in World War II.
National War Labor Board
helped resolve labor disputes that might slow down war production.
The Nazi-Soviet Pact had been similar to Napoleon's alliance with Alexander I, i.e. it was not close but merely temporary convenience. Both had been biding time. Stalin was disputing with Hitler over Eastern Europe. In 1940 Stalin sovietized the Baltic states while Hitler was busy in the West. Baltic Barons were driven out. Stalin also took over Bessarabia from Romania. Hitler wanted Eastern Europe as an agricultural counterpart to industrial Germany. By 1941 Hilter occupied Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Yugoslavia, & (with Italy) Greece. Went on towards the USSR. Occupied 3 million men on a 2,000 mile long front. Moved amazingly quickly. Got within 25 miles of Moscow. Great Battle of Moscow. Red Army undertook massive counteroffensive. A bitter winter took its toll. Hitler took over direct command of the military in 1942 and ordered push into southern USSR to reach the oil fields. He mobilized the German economy to fight in this unexpectedly protracted conflict.
Coral Sea
A battle where the US fought the Japanese
Destroyers for Bases Deal
US gives britain old destroyers for american bases in british controlled areas
Harry S Truman
FDR's vice pres.; has to take over when he dies
G.I. Bill of Rights
This gave economic and educational aid to returning American soldiers
gave hitler sudetenland
what did the munich agreement do to keep from czechs fighting the germans?
collective security
a system in which a group of nations acts as one to preserve the peace of all
Gen. Charles de Gaulle
vows to free France from German control
office of war mobilization
organizes economy in US to produce for war (high heels --> boots)
Cash and Carry
We give materials to those who pay in cash and carry it on their own boats
Who was Rosie the Riveter?
a fictional character that was a symbol for women working in the war effort
have an Allied invasion of German occupied France and take back Europe
The purpose of Operation Overlord (invasion of Normandy) was to_________________
What did women do in World War II
nurses, noncombat roles, pilots, transported bombers, towed targets, taught men to fly
First few years of World War I
Both sides were locked in a stalemate
Waht was the Vaught like for woman prisoners
Male prisoners had a much harder time
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