World War II Vocabulary and Important Terms Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Blitzkrieg
Lighting War
Reich
the German state
Anschluss
anexation of Austria
when, where-nuremburg laws
1935, Germany
Hitler's suicide
April 30, 1945
Mussolini
Italian fascist dictator (1883-1945)
Date--Pearl Harbor
December 7, 1941
Holocaust
Hitler's large-scale plan to exterminate all the Jews and Gypsies of Europe. This was in order to create his purely-Aryab superior race.
Italian fascist dictator (1883-1945)
Benito Mussolini
tojo
leader of the japanese military
Fuhrer
Hitler's title as Germany's dictator
menshevicks
Moderate faction of the soviet union
nonaggression pact
1939-Secret agreement between German leader Hitler and Soviet Leader Stalin not to attack one another and to divide Poland
kamikaze
pilots that carried out suicide missions
deaths in World War 2
65 million
Charles Lindenberg
-leader of Americas first commitee
-isolationist
U-Boats
German submarines used primarily to destroy Allied shipping. Because speed and range were severely limited underwater while running on battery power, U-boats were required to spend most of their time surfaced running on diesel engines, diving only when attacked or for rare daytime torpedo strikes. Eventually anti-submarine warfare reached the point where the U-boats were being sunk easily. The German submarine corps ended the war with a 75% casualty rate.
le camp de concentration
the concentration camp
Immediate Cause of WWII
Hitler invading Poland
Rations
Specific food amount served to military persons or prisoners.
When does Hitler assume full power?
1933
Manhattan Project
Organized by President Roosevelt to develop the atomic bomb - top secret
Nye Investigation
Studied US's reasons for entering WWI
Dawes Plan
regular payments from Germany to assume WWI debts, yet they stopped paying to build army
Appeasment
the practice of giving in to aggression in order to avoid war
Mein Kampf
In Germany, Hitler begins his aggressive pattern, and writes this in 1923
atomic bomb
enourmously destructive bomb that the US used to end the war against Japan
night of broken glass
anothe rname for kristallnacht
Kristallnacht
a night when everyone in Germany destroyed anything Jewish
Maginot Line
a line of defensive fortifications constructed by the French along their eastern border, extending from Switzerland to Luxembourg, between 1929 and 1936. In World War II, although the defenses held, the Germans outflanked them, going through Belgium to conquer France.
NAZI
only political party not banned in Germany by Hitler
Battle of Midway
American forces attacked Japanese forces on the island of Midway; American planes swooped in to attack the Japanese fleet, which was still mostly on the decks of the aircraft carriers; turned the tide in favor of the Allies in the Pacific
Neutrality Acts
Originally designed to avoid American involvement in World War II by preventing loans to those countries taking part in the conflict; modified in 1939 to allow aid to the Allies
Beaches of D-Day
Utah (USA), Omaha(USA), Gold(Brit), Juno(Can), Sword(Brit)
Island Hopping
Focus on Japan
Japanese troops were scattered across thousands of miles of ocean on hundreds of islands -------- -------- in the Pacific.
D-Day
Allied troops landed on beaches of Normandy, France and made their way to & liberated Paris
Who, what-FDR
president of US, issued interment of japanese
Douglas MacArther
army general who commanded US forces in the south Pacific in WWII
Charles DeGaulle
French General, leader of the exile government in England
1st Neutrality Act
This authorizes the president to prohibit any weapons shipped to belligerents and advises americans not to travel on belligerent ships
Operation Barbarossa
Hitlers plan for the conquest of Soviet Union
draft
to select a person at random for mandatory military service
Lindbergh
first man to fly solo across the atlantic; against America joining war
BATTLE OF BRITAIN
Gernan air war against Great Britian
Joseph Stalin
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)
Erwin Rommel
"Desert Fox"; Led German and Italian forces in North Africa; strategic genius, sly tactics
The five permanent states
U.S., China, France, Britain, UK
Pearl Harbor
United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II.
Franklin D. Roosevelt (and later Harry S. Truman) Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin
Allied Leaders
RAF
British Air Force known as the Royal Air Force
Arthur Harris
Led bombing raids to Germany, wartime leader of the British air force's Bomber Command
Who was the emperor of Japan during WWII?
Hirohito
Fascist
one who believes that the state is more important than the individual
Polish Invasion
Hitler aware that both Great Britain and France signed treaties with Poland promising to come to their aide if they were attacked. Hiter concerned with avoiding a two front war when he invaded Poland.
Causes of Japanese Internment
propaganda, fear of invasion from Japanese, atomic bomb
World War II
major war between that began when Britian and France declared war on Germany
Nuremberg Trials
Series of trials in 1945 conducted by an International Military Tribunal in which former Nazi leaders were charged with crimes against peace, crimes against humanity, and war crimes
Concentration camps
prison camps used under the rule of Hitler in Nazi Germany. Conditions were inhuman, and prisoners, mostly Jewish people, were generally starved or worked to death, or killed immediately.
Isolationiam
This is the policy of cutting all ties to other countries. Certain Americans advocated this policy when they saw that war was coming in Europe because they didn't want to get bogged down in another WWI-like crisis. Congress passed three Neutrality Acts preventing the sale of arms, etc. to warring countries. But this didn't work b/c Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, so we got involved anyway.
Hong Kong
the Empire of Japan invaded Hong Kong on 8 December 1941. The Battle of Hong Kong ended with British and Canadian defenders surrendering control of the colony to Japan on 25 December. During the Japanese occupation, civilians suffered widespread food shortages, rationing, and hyper-inflation due to forced exchange of currency for military notes. Hong Kong lost more than half of its population in the period between the invasion and Japan's surrender in 1945, when the United Kingdom resumed control of the colony.
Japan
This was the last of the Axis Powers to surrender, it was the target of atomic warfare in 1945.
What were the 3 totalitarian powers before WWII?
Germany, Italy, Japan
Battle of Guadalcanal
1942-1943 battle of WWII, in which Allied troops drove Japanese forces from the Pacific island of Guadalcanal
May Fourth Movement
Student movement in China that came about in the face of Chinese weakness to Japan
War Production Board
A government agency set up to oversee production of war materials during WWll
Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia
What nations fell to Japan in 1941?
Operation Sea Lion
when Hitler tried and failed to invade Europe
Invasion of Poland
began on 1 September 1939, one week after the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact
Bataan Death March
what the Japanese did to the people they conquered
what happened on January 30, 1933
hitler became chancelor of germany
Ghetto
a small area of a city to which the Jewish people were restricted and from which they were forbidden to leave.
Britain of Death March
journey by foot of U.S and Filipino forces to prison camps in tropical heat with little food and water
The attack of Pearl Harbor
What are some short-term causes of WWII
December 8th, 1942
What date did the US declare war on Japan?
The Role Of The Allies
To Fight The Axis, They Eventually Lost.
Washington Naval Conference
This was set up in the U.S. to limit how big armies could be but no one could agree.
What three Airborne Divisions were used in "Operation Market Garden"
The U.S. 82 and101, and the British 6th
What were the reasons that Pearl Harbor was attacked?
cripple the U. S. Pacific Fleet, U.S. prohibited exports of steel, scrap iron and fuel to Japan because of the takeover of northern Indochina, Japanese felt that they were a superior race and could become the next super power
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