Vocabulary - Crusades, bubonic plague, changes in midieval society Flashcards

Terms Definitions
works for an expert to learn a trade
city that was home of the popes for 67 years. city where Church was "held captive"
bubonic plague
Also called the Black Death was a deadly disease that spread through Europe and killed one out of every three people
children's crusade
the saddest crusade when young people tried to get to the Holy Land but were killed or put into slavery.
commerical revolution
highly developed economy; making luxurious items and trading them to Europeans for silver
1096 Christian Europe aim to reclaim Jerusalem and aid they Byzantines; 1st success and the rest a failure; weakens the Byzantines; opens up trade
an Italian poet famous for writing the Divine Comedy that describes a journey through hell and purgatory and paradise guided by Virgil and his idealized Beatrice (1265-1321)
People who whipped themselves to cleanse their sin--they thought Plague was God's punishment for sins.
great schism
a period of division in the Roman Catholic Church, 1378-1417, over papal succession, during which there were two, or sometimes three, claimants to the papal office
a formal association of people with similar interests
an ancient country is southwestern Asia on the east coast of the Mediterranean
john wycliffe
English theologian whose objections to Roman Catholic doctrine anticipated the Protestant Reformation (1328-1384)
a skilled worker who practices some trade or handicraft
king richard the lionhearted
1190s while he was gone to the Crusades his evil brother Prince John took over running; Robin Hood sacrifices his land to rebel against prince John
knights hospitaller
the knights who wore black robes with white crosses and cared for the sick
knights templar
these were a religious order of knights
spiritual journey with, God special occasions for renewal in prayer
pope urban II
Pope who called for the first Crusade to reclaim Jerusalem from the Muslims
saint thomas becket
king Henry II's friend who was the arch bishop of canterbury
sultan of Syria and Egypt
teutonic knights
Order of knights devoted to Christianity and to fighting Muslims and pagans. Most active in Baltic region where they fought Slavs.
the canterbury tales
Written by Chaucer. Chaucer follows a band of English pilgrims traveling to Thomas Becket's tomb. Each character in the story tells their own individual story.
the divine comedy
long poem in 3 parts, goes to hell, purgatory, and heaven with virgil, filled with real ppl, meets beatrice, written in vernacular(italian)
thomas aquinas
(Roman Catholic Church) Italian theologian and Doctor of the Church who is remembered for his attempt to reconcile faith and reason in a comprehensive theology
three-field system
a system of farming developed in medieval Europe, in which farm land was divided into three fields of equal size and each of these was successively planted with a winter crop, planted with a spring crop, and left unplanted.
establishment where a seat of higher learning is housed, including administrative and living quarters as well as facilities for research and teaching
the act of lending money at an exorbitant rate of interest
yersinia pestis
a Bacillus bacteria that causes plague
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