Faith Bible Institute-Semester 1-New Testament Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Bethlehem
city of Christ's birth
Nazareth
place of Christ's boyhood and youth
Cana
city of Christ's first miracle (water to "wine")
Capernaum
headquarters of Christ's Galilean ministry
Jerusalem
capital city of the Jews, home of the Temple, site of Jesus' death
Samaria
Jews despised the inhabitants of this city, where Jesus won a woman at the well
Galileans
Political group of extreme fanatics who rebelled against all foreign elements. Christ's enemies tried to identify Him with this group
Herodians
Political group supported the rule of the Herods and Romans and joined in the opposition against Christ
Zealots
Political group advocated open war and rebellion to kick out their Roman occupiers
Levites
Religious group of priestly tribe which had charge of the temple
Sanhedrin
Religious group of 70-72 member Jewish religious and legal Supreme Court that condemned Christ
Scribes (lawyers)
Religious group of scholars, students,interpreters, and teachers of the Old Testament Scriptures. Opposed Christ
Pharisees
Religious group of extreme conservatives. Accepted both the written law and the oral law or Jewish tradition. Believed in the resurrection of the dead, miracles and angels. Religiously oriented. Strong influence over the common people. Large group (6,000). Synagogue centered. Promoted individual holiness. Middle class. Opposed Christ early for religious reasons
Sadducees
Religious group of extreme liberals. Accepted only the books of Moses. Rejected the resurrection of the dead, miracles and angels. Politically oriented, tried to win favor with Rome. Controlled office of High Priest and the Sanhedrin. Small group, but were leaders. Temple centered. Promoted institutional holiness. Aristocracy. Opposed Christ later for political reasons
Jews
Ethnic group that were the sons of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob (Israel) through his 12 sons chosen as God's covenant people, to whom was promised the land of Israel forever, and through whom the Messiah would come
Gentiles
Ethnic group generally speaking, all the non-Jews. The Jews intensely hated them and considered them horribly unclean, bathing after even casual contact in the market
Samaritans
Ethnic group of a mixed blood Jewish/Gentiles that worshiped God on Mount Gerizim in a mixed religion. Intensely hated by the Jews who even shook the unclean dust of their land off their feet. Descendants of the remnant left in the land of Israel (northern kingdom) during the Assyrian captivity that mixed with other races and relgions
Pompey
Roman general who conquered Palestine(Israel) in 63 BC
Octavius(Augustas) Caesar
Roman emperor from 31BC to AD 14. Jesus born during his reign
Tiberius Caesar
Roman emperor from AD 14-37. Jesus ministered during his reign
Herod the Great
37-4 BC Slayer of the innocents in Bethlehem. An immensely powerful, unbelievably wicked, insanely jealous and murderous King. Prolific builder, reconstructing and beautifying the Jewish Temple. Building numerous fortresses and palaces. Four of his sons divided up parts of the kingdom
Archalaus
4 BC to AD 6 son of Herod the Great cruel tyrant over Judea and Samaria. Joseph was afraid to return to Bethlehem after his return from Egypt because of him
Herod Antipas
4 BC to AD 39 son of Herod who ruled Galilee and Perea. Beheaded John and mocked Jesus the night of crucifixion
Luke
Many had already drawn up narratives of the Life of Christ. He proposed to do the same. Missionary companion of Apostle Paul. A Gentile. A physician. Author of the Gospel of Luke and the book of Acts.
Theopholis ("lover of God")
Luke wrote to him who was probably an unknown Gentile official
Zecharias and Elizabeth
John's parents
Gabriel
made birth announcements to Mary, Joseph and Zecharias
Simeon and Anna
two aged saints who praised baby Jesus at His dedication service
John
He would abstain from all wine (referring to any fruit of the vine, fermented or unfermented) He thus would be a Nazarite, as were Samson and Samuel
Matthew's Genealogy
introduces Jesus to the Jews as their Christ or their Messiah, as the son of David, the father of the kingly seed of Israel and as the son of Abraham, the father of the physical seed of Israel. Records the line of Joseph, thus giving the legal line of Christ.
Luke's Genealogy
introduces Jesus to the Gentiles as the son of Adam. Records 74 names and traces the line backward from Jesus to Adam, the father of the human race and the son of God, the creator of the human race. Records the line of Mary, thus giving the blood line of Jesus.
curse on King Jeconiah
2 genealogies solve this catch 22 problem-the line of Joseph legally preserves the royal line, while the line of Mary provides the blood line of David
Matthew's portrait of Christ
King, lion-like
Matthew's readers
Jews
Mark's portrait of Christ
servant, ox-like
Mark's readers
Romans
Luke's portrait of Christ
perfect man, man-like
Luke's readers
Greeks
John's portrait of Christ
Mighty God, eagle-like
John's readers
the World
baptism
"baptizo" means to immerse, to dip, or to dye. An entirely different Greek word, "rantizo" means to sprinkle. Cloth was first dipped into bleach to emerge pure and white. It was only then, after being cleansed, dipped into dye, changed in appearance and thus "identified" with the new color. The parallel is obvious! We are first cleansed by the blood of Christ and only then baptized in order to be identified with Christ.
5-fold meaning of John's baptism
it was a public confession of sin, uncleanliness and unacceptability before God, it was a public confession of repentance from sin, it was a public confession or remission of sin (brought out by the repentance, not by baptism),it was a public confession of faith in, acceptance of, and allegiance to the coming Messiah, it was a public confession of preparation for entrance into the coming kingdom of heaben
swaddling clothes
the babe was wrapped in these strips of cloth often used for burial purposes, picturing how Christ was born to die
lowly stable
the babe was born here, a picture of how He was to be the Lamb of God
lowly manger
the babe was laid in this feed trough. He was made poor that we might be made rich
angel announces His birth to shepherds
probably no ordinary shepherds, sheep kept closest to Bethlehem were destined for the Temple sacrifices. Who better to understand the birth of God's great Sacrificial Lamb than shepherds who daily raised lambs for sacrifice? These sheep were kept at a place called Migdal Eder-"the tower of the flock" on the road to Jerusalem. The Jews believed that it was at this place that the Messiah would be revealed
Micah
O.T. prophet who predicted that the Messiah would be born in Bethlehem
Josephus
1st century historian, the greatest Jewish historian, mentions Jesus
Tacitus
1st century historian, the greatest Roman historian, mentions Jesus
Jewish Talmud
mentions Jesus
wise men
in the days of Daniel in the Babylonian and Persian empires, the kings surrounded themselves with magi of which Daniel became the head.. After the fall of these empires, the magi continued their prominent role as they spread throughout the ancient world becoming advisors and cabinets of kings.
duty of wise men
well known for appointing kings,explains motivation of their visit and Herod's rage. Not kings.
when the wise men arrived
the exact time is unknown, however, it was not the night of the birth.
how many wise men came
no evidence that there were 3 as in the popular tradition that is based on the fact that there are 3 types of gifts, but there could have been anywhere from 2 to hundreds
Principle #1 of temptation
no one is immune from temptation
Principle #2 of temptation
Satan temps most severely at certain predictable times when we are most susceptible to sin-after our mountain top experiences,during our valleys,before our service
Principle #3 of temptation
we can prepare for temptation. Jesus was first filled with the spirit, then He faced the temptation. Jesus first memorized Scripture, then He faced temptation
Principle #4 of temptation
Satan begins with doubt
Principle #5 of temptation
Satan attacks with pride
Principle #6 of temptation
Satan attempts to have us act independently from God
Principle #7 of temptation
Satan tempts us to seek satisfaction in the realm of the physical
Principle #9 of temptation
Jesus used scripture as His defense
Principle #10 of temptation
Victory comes when we shift our affections from earthly desires to spiritual desires, or in other words, from "bread alone" to the Word of God
Principle #11 of temptation
Victory comes when we study "every word that proceedth out of the mouth of God", that is, all of Scripture
Principle #12 of temptation
Victory comes now when we not only learn but also live by the Word of god
Principle #13 of temptation
Satan is persistent
Principle #14 of temptation
Satan uses the same methods of attack over and over
Principle #15 of temptation
Satan appeals to our desire to be accepted
Principle #16 of temptation
Satan attempts to get us to follow the path which avoids all suffering. Satan offered Jesus a plan to avoid all rejection, discomfort ,and suffering.
Principle #17 of temptation
Satan attempts to have us substitute sensationalism for true spirituality
Principle of #18 of temptation
Satan attempts to get us to use shortcuts to God's plan. Satan is saying, "You can avoid a long fruitless ministry. The Jews will receive you immediately."
Principle of #19 of temptation
Satan attempts to get us compromise God's perfect standards
3 reasons why "born of water" cannot mean baptism
the thief on the cross was saved with baptism long after this command was given. Gentile converts in Acts 10 were saved, filled with the spirit and performing miracles all before they were baptized. Salvation is by grace (Eph 2:8-9) and baptism is work
new birth
key element of the New Covenant/testament prophesied in Ezekiel 36:25-27
born of water and spirit
2 prophesied elements of the New Birth under the New Covenant predicted by Ezekiel. New Birth provides cleansing from all sin. The New Birth provides new hearts/nature produced by the indwelling of the Holy Spirit. The New Birth gives us new life and a new nature.
principle #2 of soul winning from Jesus
Jesus overlooks her taunts and offers living water. Jesus twice overlooks all that could create an argument. Jesus is gracious and communicates no pride. Jesus starts where she is, at the point of her understanding, her interests, her needs. Jesus was bold. Jesus describes salvation in such a way as to appeal to her needs and desires an leading her to ask Him for salvation.
principle #3 of soul winning from Jesus
Jesus then gently confronts her sin, but in such a way as to communicate understanding, although not acceptance of her situation.
principle #4 of soul winning from Jesus
The woman then asks Jesus a deep theological question long debated between Jews and Samaritans, Jesus stays on the main subject and off side issues and questions. Jesus makes it clear that the real issue in not which group(or church) is right, but "do you have a personal relationship with Christ?"
principle #5 of soul winning from Jesus
Jesus informs her that He is the Messiah and she is marvellously born again.
principles of soul winning from the woman at the well
The woman then goes and brings the city to Christ. She went immediately. The best soul winners are often those who just got saved. She just shared what had happened to her.
1st characteristic of Jesus' healing ministry
He healed with a word or touch. No long times of prayer were needed.
2nd characteristic of Jesus' healing ministry
He healed all that came to Him. No long lines of disappointed seekers went home unhealed.
3rd characteristic of Jesus' healing ministry
He healed instantly. No long periods of "waiting" were necessary
4th characteristic of Jesus' healing ministry
He healed completely. No long recuperation processes, partial healings or relapses took place.
5th characteristic of Jesus' healing ministry
He raised from the dead. No miracles were beyond His power
inner 3 apostles
Peter, James and John
4 apostles that were fishing partners
Peter, Andrew, James and John
4 apostles that were originally disciples of John the Baptist
John, James, Andrew and Philip
3 apostles that wrote scripture
Matthew, John and Peter
apostles that were brothers
Peter and Andrew, James and John
Simon Peter
a great leader and the most prominent and outspoken of the twelve apostles. One of the inner 3, along with James and John
Simon Peter
tradition says he was crucified upside down
Andrew
he was a friendly, humble, behind the scenes soul-winner who brought his brother Peter to Christ (Jn 1:41-42)
Andrew
tradition says he was beaten and tied to an x shaped cross in Greece in 69 AD
John
John is know as "the disciple whom Jesus loved" and as "the apostle of love" He possessed a special intimacy with Christ and it was he who leaned upon Christ's breast on the night of the Last Supper
John
the only disciple at the cross and the first disciple to see the risen Christ
John
one tradition says he was boiled in oil, but he apparently survived. He was also banished to the isle of Patmos(Rev 1:19), probably by the Emperor Domitian, but he was later released
John
longest living Apostle and only one to die a natural death (also the only apostle at the cross,willing to die with/for Christ) He died in Ephesus
James
the first Apostolic martyr. He was a member of the inner 3, along with Peter and John
Philip
a soul winner who immediately told Nathaniel about Christ (Jn1:40-46) His response reveals he was a devout Jew who had searched the Scriptures and was diligently looking for the coming Messiah
Nathaniel Bartholomew
this disciple was located under a fig tree by his close friend Philip (Jn 1:45-46), but first doubted if the Messiah could come from Nazareth
Matthew/Levi
before his conversion, he was a publican, a Roman tax collector, wealthy and powerful, but hated by his fellow Jews, Thirty years after his conversion, he still referred to himself as a tax collector, apparently cherishing the description of his own sinful unworthiness and of the great grace of Christ.
Thomas
he is know as doubting due to his initial unbelief when told of the resurection, but he later made a great declaration of Christ's deity (Jn 20:28) and remained steadfast unto death. He probably is overly maligned in light of the initial unbelief of all of the other disciples until they too were confronted by the risen Christ
Judas not Iscariot
also know as Jude/Thaddaeus/Lebbaeus. Spoke only once in Scripture
James the Less
his title may refer to his size or to his age (James the Younger) he is one of the unknown Apostles
Simon the Zealot
He was a member of a fanatical, anti-Roman, militaristic group. He is also on of the unknown Apostles. However, his identification as a zealot tells us that he was a man of intense and even violent passion, a man of conviction and courage, and one who abandoned the sword for the Savior
Judas Iscariot
the son of perdition, may well be considered as the most wicked and vile man who ever lived. He betrayed Christ with a kiss
Judas Iscariot
he was given over to Satan even at the beginning and was clearly therefore never genuinely saved. Jesus called him a devil (Jn 12:4-6,6:70-71)
Judas Iscariot
when he saw the horrible evil of his sin, he turned to hopeless despair instead of to Christ. He "repented" (Mt 27:3) with the sorrow of this world (2 Cor 7:10), but did not believe on or receive Christ. He then committed suicide and he burns in Hell to this very day
poor in spirit
character: humility- recognizing our own spiritual poverty, sinfulness, helplessness, and need before God
blessed
to be overflowing with inward joy, which does not depend on circumstances
meek
a broken will- surrendering your will and your rights to God
pure in heart
a heart that seeks only after God and holds back nothing from God.
key to seeing God
we are to be pure in heart (Mt 5:8)
how to respond to persecution/suffering
one who so desires to be like Christ that he rejoices in anything which will produce Christlike character in him, no matter how painful, one who so loves Christ that he rejoices in anything, no matter how painful, that exalts Christ and reaches souls
John 3:16
For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life
John 1:1
In the beginning was the Word and the Word was with God, and the word was God
John 3:18
He who believes in Him is not condemned; but he who does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the the name of the only begotten Son of God
Matthew 6:33
But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you
the golden rule
We as Kingdom citizens are to do unto others as we would have them do unto us (Mt 7:12)
as Kingdom citizens our righteousness
is to far Surpass that of the Scribes and Pharisees (Mt 5:17-20)
the Law
Christ is not abolishing it, but rather fulfilling it, both by His life and by His teachings (Mt 5:17-19)
Pharisees' standards of righteousness
Christ makes it clear that it falls far short of God's standards and that even the best human attempts at righteousness cannot earn one a place in the Kingdom (Mt 5:20)
"Ye have heard" or similar wording followed by "But I say unto you"
appears 6 times in Matthew 5
original intent of the Law
Jesus does not abolish these OT commands, but rather the Pharisaic and rabbinic interpretations of the law and then reveals this
lust
we are to abstain not only from the fruit of Adultery , but also from this root of it
as Kingdom citizens we should be so honest
that our "yes" and "no" answers should meant just that, without having to promise, swear or bind oneself with an oath (Mt 5:33-37)
as Kingdom citizens we are to replace vengeance
with forgiveness, going the second mile, and compassionate giving (Mt 5:38-42)
as Kingdom citizens we are to love
our enemies (Mt 5:43-48)
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