Vocabulary For the College-Bound Student, Chapter 4 sections 11-25 Flashcards

scientific study
Terms Definitions
anthropology
science dealing with origin, races, customs, and beliefs of human kind
bacteriology
science dealing with the study of bacteria
biology
science dealing with the study of living organisms
cardiology
science dealing with the actions and diseases of the heart
criminology
scientific study of crimes and criminals
dermatology
science dealing with the skin and its diseases
ecology
science dealing with the relation of living things to their environment and to each other
ethology
branch of anthropology dealing with human races, their origin, distribution, culture, etc.
genealogy
account of the descent of a person or family from an ancestor
geology
science dealing with the earth's history as recorded in rocks
meteorology
science dealing with the atmosphere and weather
morphology
scientific study of the forms and structures of plants and animals; form and structure of an organism or any of its parts
mythology
account or study of myths
necrology
list of persons who have died recently; obituary
neurology
scientific study of the nervous system and its diseases
paleontology
science dealing with life in the remote past as recorded in fossils
pathology
scientific study of the nature and causes of disease; something abnormal
petrology
scientific study of rocks
physiology
science dealing with the functions of living things or their organs
psychology
science of the mind
sociology
study of the evolution, development, and functioning of human society
technology
use of science to achieve practical purpose; applied science; engineering
theology
study of religion and religious ideas
abiogenesis
spontaneous generation
amphibious
able to live both on land and in water; attacking with coordinated land, sea, and air forces
antibiotic
germ-killing substance produced by or derived from a microorganism
autobiography
story of a person's life written by that person
biochemistry
chemistry dealing with chemical compounds and processes in living plants and animals
biocidal
destructive to life or living things
biodegradable
capable of being readily decomposed into harmless substances by microorganisms
biogenesis
development of life from preexisting life
biography
story of a person's life written by another person
biometry
statistical analysis of biological data
biopsy
diagnostic examination of a piece of tissue from the living body
biota
plants (flora) and animals (fauna) living in a region
microbe
microscopic life form; microorganism; germ
symbiosis
living together in a mutually helpful association of two dissimilar organisms
anatomy
dissection of plants, animals, or other things to study their structure; analysis; structure
appendectomy
surgical removal of the appendix
atom
smallest particle of an element
atomizer
device for converting liquid into a fine spray
dichotomy
cutting or division into two; division
gastrectomy
surgical removal of all or part of the stomach
lobotomy
brain surgery for treatment of some mental disorders
mastectomy
surgical removal of the breast
phlembotomy
opening of a vein to diminish blood supply
tome
one volume, or "cut", of a work of several volumes; scholarly book
tonsillectomy
surgical removal of the tonsils
tracheotomy
surgical operation of cutting into the trachea
antipodes
parts of the globe (or their inhabitants) diametrically opposite to each other
arthropod
invertebrate with jointed legs
chiropodist
one who treats ailments of the human foot
dipody
verse of poetry consisting of two feet; a dimeter
podiatrist
chiropodist
podium
dias; raised platform; low wall serving as a foundation
pseudopod
temporary extension of the protoplasm, as in the ameba, to enable the organism to move and take in food
tripod
utensil, stool, or caldron having three legs
unipod
one-legged support
homochromatic
having the same color; monochromatic; unicolor
heterochromatic
having different colors
homogeneous
of the same kind; similar; uniform
heterogeneous
differing in kind; dissimilar; varied
homology
similarity in structure
heterology
dissimilarity in structure
homomorphic
exhibiting similarity of form
heteromorphic
exhibiting diversity of form
homonym
word that sounds like another but differs in meaning and spelling
heteronym
word spelled lime another, but differing in sound and meaning
homocentric
having the same center; concentric
homophonic
having the same sound or voice
heteroclite
deviating from the common rule; abnormal; atypical
heterodox
opposed to accepted beliefs or established doctrines, especially in religion
hyperacidity
excess acidity
hypoacidity
weak acidity
hyperglycemia
excess sugar in the blood
hypoglycemia
abnormally low level of sugar in the blood
hypertension
abnormally high blood pressure
hypotension
low blood pressure
hyperthermia
especially high fever; hyperpyrexia
hypothermia
subnormal body temperature
hyperthyroid
marked by excessive activity of the thyroid gland
hypothyroid
marked by deficient activity of the thyroid gland
hyperactive
overactive
hyperbole
extravagant exaggeration of statement
hypercritical
overcritical
hyperemia
superabundance of blood
hyperopia
farsightedness
hypersensitive
excessively sensitive; supersensitive
hypertrophy
excessive growth and development, as in a body part
hypodermic
injected under the skin
hypothesis
theory or supposition assumed as a basis for reasoning
hypothetical
assumed without proof for the purpose of reasoning; conjectural
endocrine
secreting internally
exocrine
secreting externally
endogamy
marriage within a tribe, caste, or social group
exogamy
marriage outside the tribe, caste, or social group
endogenous
produced from within; due to internal causes
exogenous
produced from without; due to external causes
endoskeleton
internal skeleton or supporting framework in an animal
exoskeleton
hard protective structure developed outside the body
endosmosis
osmosis inward
exosmosis
osmosis outward
endocarditis
inflammation of the lining of the heart
endoderm
membranelike tissue lining the digestive tract
endoparasite
parasite living on the inside of its host
endophyte
plant growing within another plant
exoteric
known externally; readily understandable
exotic
introduced from another country; foreign; strikingly unusual; strange
anarchy
total absence of rule or government; confusion; disorder
autarchy
rule by absolute sovereign
hierarchy
body of rulers or officials grouped in ranks, each being subordinate to the rank above it; pecking order
matriarchy
form of social organization in which the mother rules the family or tribe, descent being traced through the mother
monarchy
state ruled over by a single person, as a king or queen
oligarchy
form of government in which a few people have the power
patriarchy
form of social organization in which the father ruled the family or tribe, descent being traced through the father
geocentric
measured from the earth's center; having the earth as a center
geodetic
pertaining to geodesy (mathematics dealing with the earth's shape and dimensions)
geography
study of the earth's surface, climate, continents, people, products, etc.
geometry
mathematics dealing with lines, angles, surfaces, and solids
geomorphic
pertaining to the shape of the earth or the form of its surface
geophysics
science treating of the forces that modify the earth
geopolitics
study of government and its policies as affected by physical geography
geoponics
art or science of agriculture
geogic
agriculture
georgic
poem on husbandry (farming)
geotropism
response to earth's gravity, as the growing of roots downward into the ground
apogee
farthest point from the earth in the orbit of a heavenly body
antipathy
aversion; dislike
apathy
lack of feeling, emotion, interest, or excitement; indifference
empathy
complete understanding of another's feelings, motives, etc.
pathetic
arousing pity
pathos
quality in drama, speech, music, literature, or events that arouses a feeling of pity or sadness
sympathy
sharing of another's trouble; compassion
telepathy
transference of the thoughts and feelings of one person to another by no apparent means of communication
homeopathy
treatment of disease with minute doses of a remedy that, if given in massive doses to healthy persons, would produce effects like those of the disease
osteopath
practitioner of treatment of disease by manipulating of bones, muscles, nerves, etc.
pathogenic
causing disease
pathological
due to disease
psychopathic
pertaining to mental disease; insane
amorphous
having no definite form; shapeless; unorganized
anthropomorphic
attributing human form or characteristics to beings not human, especially gods
dimorphous
occurring under two distinct forms
endomorphic
having a form deriving largely form the embryo's inner layer; having a heavy body build
heteromorphic
exhibiting diversity of form
metamorphosis
change of form
monomorphic
having a single form
morphology
branch of biology dealing with the form and structure of animals and plants; form and structure of an organism or any of its parts
pericardium
membranous sac enclosing the heart
perigee
nearest point to the earth in the orbit of a heavenly body
peihelion
nearest point to the sun in the orbit of a heavenly body
perimeter
whole outer boundary or measurement of a surface or figure
periodontics
branch of dentistry dealing with diseases of the bone and gum tissues supporting the teeth
peripatetic
traveling about; itinerant
peripheral
on the outside boundary; outside or away from the central part; only slightly connected with what is essential; merely incidental
peripheral
device that can be attached to or used with a computer
periphrastic
expressed in a roundabout way; circumlocutory
periscope
instrument permitting those in a submarine a view of the surface
peristalsis
wavelike contraction of the walls of the intestines, which propels the contents onward
peristyle
row of columns around a building or court; the space so inclosed
peritonitis
inflammation of the peritoneum
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Term:
Definition:
Definition:

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