OT Final Exam - Philips Flashcards

bible
Terms Definitions
Which of the following represents most accurately the means by which scholars arrive at dates for events in the history of the near east?
There are lists from Assyria in which years were named after individuals and notable occurrences, one of which was an eclipse dating to 763 BCE.
Who were the Hyksos?
They dominated Egypt between about 1700 and 1550 BCE and their role as outsiders who were hated may have contributed in some way to the antipathy that the Egyptians felt towards Israel
Which Egyptian ruler indicated that he had subdued the people of Israel as he was conquering parts of the land known as Canaan
none of the above
Which empire made treaties with the Egyptians which demonstrate a significant formal similarity to the structure of the covenant as articulated in Exodus 20-24 and the book of Deuteronomy?
Hittite
Who was Hatshepsut?
The daughter of Thutmose I and wife/sister of Thutmose II who reigned in Egypt for a significant amount of time
Which of the following is not among the suggested possible reasons as to why we do not see any mention of the Israelites' exodus from Egypt in Egyptian sources?
when the Israelites left Egypt, they removed all the evidence of their humiliation in slavery for more than 400 years
What three aspects of the covenant and treaty form follow the presentation of general and specific stipulations?
blessings and curses, provisions for safe keeping and periodic reading, list of witnesses
Which biblical data are most strongly supportive of the early date proposal for the exodus?
There is a reference in I Kings 6:1 indicating that the interval between the Exodus and the building of the Temple was 480 years and a second passage in Judges 11 to the effect that Israel had occupied the territory of the Ammonites for 300 years before that incident took place
Those who hold to a late date for the exodus base their position upon
the facts that Ramses II was a renowned builder of monumental structures and the text of Exodus mentions building the cities of Ramses and Pithom
What or who was Ur-Nammu (also referred to as Shulgi?
the name of a legal code from Mesopotamia dating to the third miillenium bce
Which of the following is the best description of a theocracy
a government or political system in which God is the ultimate Authority as He rules through his ministers and priests
Which of the following extra-biblical texts gives the best example of casuistic law?
Code of Hammurabi
Which of the following is the best description of the Hebrew Bible's view of history?
history, according to the Bible was linear and progressing toward a goal of restoration
In the covenant form as it appears in the biblical text, what was invoked as witness to the covenant?
none of the above
What is the best definition of apodictic Torah?
a declaration of absolute imperatives
What is significant about the annals of Sargon?
it reports that sArgon was put in a basket covered with tar and placed in the river shortly after his birth, sharing the same motif with the Moses narrative
The payment of a price to retrieve lost possessions, enslaved people, or firstborn sons was
redemption
Propitiation is
appeasing the wrath of God by means of blood sacrifice
Which two reasons for keeping the Sabbath are given in the Decalogue itself?
because God had created heaven and earth in six days and rested on the seventh and because He had redeemed them from bondage in Egypt
The cancellation of sin as the result of the application of blood is known as
expiation
What significant even in the history of Israel did the rabbis see re-enacted in the human marriage ceremony?
the covenant at Sinai
What is the Shema?
it is the confession of faith declaring that God is One and calling His people to obedience
Which of the following is not a principle that should be carried over from Israelite civil Torah to our understanding of civil law today?
the death penalty was mandated for every infraction of the Ten Commandments
Which of the following was not among the commands for the king (as described in Deuteronomy 17)?
the king was to enlist the help of prophets and priests to prepare the people for going to war
What is a tevah?
the hebrew word translated "ark" or "basket"
Which of the following was not among the stated purposes of the Sanctuary?
it presented the mystical aspects of the Divine Being because it was shrouded with seven layers of material
What meaning does the verb translated "pass over" have, not only in Exodus 12 but especially when it is read in the context of Isaiah 31:5?
protect
Who were Shiphrah and Puah and what did they do?
they were midwives who preserved the lives of Hebrew baby boys instead of following Pharaoh's orders to kill the infants
One of Moses' objections when God called him to lead the people out of Egypt was to express his concern that the Israelites would ask who this God was. How did God respond?
God said to Moses "I will be who I will be" or "I am that I am," indicating His eternal self-existence for His people
What was suggested in class regarding the stated intent of God to harden Pharaoh's heart?
Pharaoh had enslaved an entire people, making them "subhuman" as he considered himself a god; this was God's measure-for-measure response to Pharaoh
Why was the object of the last plague particularly significant?
none of the above
Approximately how long did the plagues against Egypt last and how do we know that?
Just about nine months since the Nile floods midsummer and the final plague was at the time of passover
Which of the following is not specified in the biblical text as a purpose for the plagues?
to exalt Moses and his family and give credibility to the Levites
The instructions for the Passover observed in Egypt focused primarily on the blood of the Passover lamb while the instructions for the annual celebration for eyras to come gave prominence of place to
celebrating for seven days by eating bread made without yeast
When God provided manna in the wilderness, what important lesson accompanied that provision?
God commanded them to rest from gathering manna on the seventh day, a particularly important lesson for former slaves
Why was Aaron's declaration to the people about the identity of the golden calf particularly insidious?
he said "this is your God who brought you up out of Egypt" which encouraged them to worship it in gratitude for their deliverance
Who helped Moses in the battle against the Amalekites?
Aaron and Hur held up his arms with the rod of God
What is the best summary of the theological implications of the textual arrangement in the latter part of the book of Exodus?
following the statement of covenant ratification, the place where God would meet with His people is described and in spite of the terrible sin of idolatry with the golden calf, the entire description is repeated, indicating that God intended to forgive and indeed dwell in the midst of the people
By the time the Israelites left the mountain of God, a number of significant things had been accomplished. Which is the best summary of those accomplishments?
worship established, organized as a people, covenant made
Jesus referred to the incident in the wilderness when Moses made a bronze serpent and lifted it up so that the people who had been bitten by poisonous snakes would look to it and live and specifically applied it to
the Son of Man being lifted up, which signified his crucifixion on behalf of sinful humankind
Why did Aaron's staff bud?
it was a sign to the rebellious Levites that Aaron was indeed the priest
What happened when the Israelites complained about the lack fo food, said they were sick of manna and expressed their desire to return to all the wonderful food they had in Egypt?
God sent qual that made them ill, but also provided 70 elders to help Moses bear the weight of responsibility of leading them
Why did God first tell Moses that he could not go into the promised land?
Moses struck the rock in anger in order to bring water out of it and he did not honor God as holy before the people
What did Joshua and Caleb do that set them apart from the other leaders in Israel?
after the return of the spies from checking out the land, they were the ones who urged the people to go in and take the land even though its inhabitants looked threatening
The significance in the second step in the sacrificial procedure was that
placing hands on the head of the sacrifice represented the symbolic identification and transfer of sin to the animal
Which of the following did not occur at the end of the book of Deuteronomy?
Joshua took up the mantle of leadership and demonstrated it by defeating hte Moabites because the refused to allow Israel to pass through
Why was Balaam declared by Peter to be a false prophet of the most reprehensible kind?
Although he pronounced blessings on the people, eh succumbed to the temptation of a payoff and told the king of Moab to use Moabite women to trap the Israelites into idolatry
What were the circumstances that led to Miriam's getting leprosy for a brief time?
she apparently ed the way when she and Aaron accused Moses of marrying a Cushite wife and keeping all the glory of interaction with God to himself
How were the covenant documents preserved for safe keeping and periodic safe reading?
They were kept with the ark and read every seven years at the feast of Tabernacles
Which of the following according to Dr. Wilson, does not enhance the Israelite sense of community?
each individual was encouraged to spend time in solitude, just as Moses did, to get closer to God and that in turn would enhance their contribution to the community
Torah refers to an arrangement between two parties which establishes a relationship and involves both obligations and sanctions.
False
A purpose of the Torah is to lead to Christ because it demonstrates how impossible it is for sinful humankind it is to reach reconciliation with the Holy God apart from the mediating High Priestly work of Christ.
True
When someone was caught stealing, the severity of the punishment depended on the nature of the material stolen.
True
the Torah has noting to say about such contemporary concerns such as wages, debts and inheritances.
False
Among the ways for dealing with poverty in the Israelite system we find the provision of the third year tithe for aliens, widows and orphans, the opportunity for marginalized people to glean in the fields and canceling debts at the end of seven years.
True
Torah gives instructions regarding going to war which include the prominent role of the high priest, options for those who had good reason for returning home rather than being combat troops, and procedures for negotiation
true
The "measure for measure" principle is stated in the Ten Commandments because it is intended to be transculturally applicable
false
the Hebrew words for sanctuary and tabernacle indicate the fact that this structure was to be a representation that God dwelt in the midst of his people but at the same time was set apart as their Holy God
True
In between the Most Holy Place and the Holy Place in the Tabernacle was a curtain with the cherubim embroidered on it.
True
The lamp stand and the table for the bread were both in the Holy Place symbolizing the unquenchable Light and the Bread of the Presence
True
Israelite law established judges in six significant cities of refuge and all cases had to be taken to those locations
false
Divorce was not allowed in Israelite society because it was symbolic of the broken covenant between God and his people
False
The central feature of the worship procedure in the Israelite system was the sacrifice because the shed blood of the animal represented the life that would symbolically take the place of the sinner whose life was forfeit before God
True
The approach to God in the sacrificial system of the Israelites joined two paradoxical elements: the beauty of the sanctuary and priestly clothing and the horrifying slaughter, pain and bloodshed involved in the substitution of an animal's life in the pla
True
According to Exodus, in the Most Holy Place of the Tabernacle was the incense altar.
False
The Urim and Thummim were the names of the two scapegoats
false
Nadab and Abihu were killed because they went into the Most Holy Place with the censors and offered strange fire taht was not according to the command of the Lord
true
The high priest and his brothers all wore an ephod and a breast piece and each one bore stones representing the people of Israel as he "brought" them into the presence of God in the Most Holy Place
False
The purpose of the fellowship or peace offering was to atone for sin in general
false
Every offering had to involve the killing of a live animal.
False
circumcision was the sign of the Sinai covenant
false
The three main festivals were Passover and Unleavened Bread, Feast of Weeks and Tabernacles
True
Among the purposes of festival observance were providing opportunities for corporate worship, reminding the people of God's activities on their behalf, and giving an occasion to demonstrate obedience
True
Both men and women could make vows and there were no distinctions between genders regarding these issues
false
Tehre was no offering in the array of them that atone that for deliberate sins; atonement in that case had to wait for the person to die
false
The red heifer ceremony was instituted to provide atonement for deliberate sins
false
As we read of the alter for incense we are reminded that in the New Testament, incense symbolized the prayers of the saints
true
The ephod of the high priest had bells around the edges in order to ring when he moved into the sanctuary; this let the people outside know he was still alive
false
The priests were not allowed ot marry because their lives were to demonstrate purity.
false
The person who took a Nazirite vow was to abstain from anything associated with grapes keep his or her hair uncut, and not come in contact with death so as to be separated and holy to the Lord.
True
The second Passover was established to provide a way for women and children to celebrate the Passover since they could not do so with the Israelite men.
false
On the Day of Atonement, the people were called to "afflict themselves", the high priest confessed the sins of the people, and one goat was offered to the Lord while another was sent into the wilderness
True
People who lived a significant distance from the "place the Lord would choose" (Jerusalem) were to exchange their tithed material for money, go to Jerusalem, purchase whatever their hearts desired, and celebrate in God's presence.
True
The Jubilee was a special time celebrated every seven years when the people commemorated the giving of the Torah.
False
The statements of Torah in Exodus and Leviticus interweave both apodictic and casuistic Torah as well as moral, civl and ritual/ceremonial stipulations
True
Why is the land of Israel called a testing ground of faith?
It is precariously situationed on the land bridge between large power circles and its agricultural productivity (and thus economic security( is dependet on sometimes marginal amounts of rainfall and dew
What are the two great "barriers" that funnel traffic through the land bridge on which God would plant his people?
The Arabian Desert and the Mediterranean Sea
What was Anatolia?
the regional name for what we now know as the country of Turkey
What region served as a "buffer" between mesopotamia and the land that Israel would inherit?
Aram/Syria
What is the name of the river that is in the Rift Valley between the Dead Sea and the Sea of Galilee?
Jordan
Where in Israel do we see the most evident effects of the "rain shadow"?
In the wilderness
Which of the following cities is located in northwestern Mesopotamia?
Haran
Which of the following is not included int he triad of crops that defines agricultural blessings in the biblical world view?
dates
Why are the early and latter rains considered a particular blessing?
in a country where rainfall can be marginal, having rains come in late September/October and last until march and april helps the agriculture in the land
In the Ancient Near Eastern creation narrative called the Enuma Elish, what was the name of the god who was given a double portion of divinity and who defeated the vicious Tiamat along with her monstrous serpents and dragons?
Marduk
What is the name of the epic narrative about Utnapishtim who, along with his wife, survived a flood unleashed by the gods and became immortal?
Gilgamesh Epic
What archives provide helpful cultural background materials to the adoption and inheritance stories in Genesis?
none of the above
What very essential doctrine is taught in 2 Tim 3:14-17 and 2 Peter 1:19-21?
the God-breathed nature of Scripture by means of the Holy Spirit
What term is used to refer to the "rule of faith and practice"?
canon
When Dr. Wilson refers to the Athens vs Jerusalem issue, he is addressing
the debated extent to which the New Testament is founded upon Hellenistic or Hebraic thought patterns
The four pillars of Judaism do not include
circumcision
What is the TaNaKh?
It is the Hebrew Bible as jews refer to it - law, prophets and writings
What New Testament passage is one of the most important bases for our understanding of the doctrine of general or natural revelation?
Romans 1:18-20
What was the heresy of Marcion and why does it matter?
the New Testament, which teaches about a God of love, is superior to the Old Testament whose God is depicted as a cruel warrior; this represents a serious attack on the integrity of the First Testament
Which of the following is not part of our understanding of sovereignty as it refers to God?
all of the above are included in our understanding of God's sovereignty
When certain biblical scholars use the term "myth" with regard to Genesis 1-11, they mean to imply that
these narratives are not factually true but do convey profound and important truths about human existence
What does special revelation contribute to our understanding of God's self-disclosure that we cannot learn from general revelation?
we learn from special revelation truths regarding God's character and will, the meaning of human existence, the nature of the spiritual realm
What theological term matches the following definition? a special act of the Holy Spirit by which he guided the writers of Scripture so that their words should convey the thoughts He wished conveyed, should bear a proper relationship to the thoughts in th
none of the above
Which of the following is the best description of the relationship of the First Testament to its wider cultural context?
The literature of the cultures that surrounded Israel provides an essential backdrop for the study of the First testament because God chose to reveal himself in the cultural context of the Ancient Near East and therefore we will find parallels with the Bible in literary forms and social structures even though the theological intent in the Scriptures is unique
Which of the following is not true of the "covenant" (b'rith) as it appears in the first Testament?
It has a form that is parallel to the Babylonian suzerainty treaties
Which of the following is not true of the Hebrew word for "day" (yom)?
in the creation narrative of Genesis 1-2, it is used solely to refer to a 24 hour period
Which of the following was not a purpose for which humans were created
to be like gods, knowing good and evil
What is the significance of the divine names as they appear in Genesis 1 and 2?
Elohim, the name indicating the majestic and sovereign Being, appeasr in chapter 1 describing the creation of the universe and Yahweh, which is the name signifying personal covenant relationship, appears with Elohim in chapter 2
How does the framework theory interpret the days of Genesis?
the first three days are the spheres (or frameworks) into which their corresponding inhabitants are placed during days 4-6
The hebrew phrase that describes Eve (a helper opposite him, ezer kenegdo
employs the same word that is often used to characterize God in the psalms
How do we know that the serpent in the the temptation narrative was Satan?
in the book of Revelation, a scene is described in which Michael and his angels engaged in war in heaven and the great dragon, the ancient serpent, was hurled down
What was not part of the scenario as humankind was tempted by and succumbed to the Evil One?
Adam was not present which is why there was not a curse pronounced directly against him
What was possibly the significance of God's providing coverings of skin for Adam and Eve following their disobedience?
because clothing symbolized inheritance in the wider Ancient Near East, these coverings indicated that God intended to keep them "in the family" despite their rejection of His Word
The first distinct use of the term covenant in conjunction with a promise from God to humankind came
after the flood
Which of the following is not a suggestion as to the identity of the "sons of God" whose activities prompted the flood?
all of the above have been suggested
This was the man whose action brought down a curse on Canaan
Ham
According to the New Testament commentary in 1 John, Cain's murder of Abel
was because he had perceived that his own deeds were evil while Abel's were righteous
What seems to be the best reason that God distinguish between Noah's taking into the ark pairs of every animal and seven of the clean animals?
the clean animals would be designated for sacrificial purposes
Of this man it is said that he "walked with God and was not"
Enoch
What literary form establishes the identity and relationship, demonstrates the value of individuals in God's eyes, and is an adumbration of being written in the Book of Life?
the genealogy
After Cain killed Abel, this son was born to Adam and Eve.
Seth
This person was the son who was born to Sarah in her old age, was the son of the promise and whose name meant laughter
Isaac
This man became second in command in the land of Egypt after spending years in prison when he was unjustly accused
Joseph
The three sons of this man were Shem, Ham and Japheth, and one of them saw his father's nakedness, thus bringing a curse upon his descendants
Noah
This man had his wife say that they were brother and sister and when she was taken into the courts of both Pharaoh and Abimelekh, it brought near disaster on the people of those rulers
Abram/Abraham
When abraham's trusted servant went back to the home country to finda wife for Abraham's son, this was the woman he encountered
Rebecca
Of the two sons of Isaac, this one lost both the blessing and the birthright to his younger brother
Esau
This woman was the first wife of Jacob
Leah
This firstborn son of Jacob slept with his father's concubine and thus lost the rights of firstborn
Reuben
Judah first deprived this woman the right to marry the brother of her deceased husbands and subsequently slept with her himself because he thought she was a prostitute
Tamar
When God called Abram to venture out at the age of 75 to the land of Canaan, what did he promise him?
Abram would be blessed with descendants and become a great nation, his descendants would inhabit the land and all nations would be blessed through him
The sign of God's covenant with Abraham was
circumcision
When Abraham intervened with the Lord on behalf of Sodom adn Gomorrah, to what did he appeal?
he declared his belief that the Judge of all the earth would do what was right and thus not kill the righteous along with the wicked
How is Melchizedek identified in Genesis 14?
He was the king of Salem and a priest of God Most High who met Abram when he returned from the battle, blessed him and received a tithe from him
At what point did Abram "believe God and it was credited to him as righteousness"?
After he proposed that Eliezer would inherit his estate instead of an actual son and God responded by telling him to look to the heavens, count the stars, and believe that he would indeed have a son
What Sarah died, Abraham
made the first purchase of a parcel of the promised land from Ephron the Hittite
What were the circumstances of Ishmael's birth?
Abraham slept with Sarah's Egyptian handmaid, named hagar, in order to have a child because Sarah was barren and Hagar did indeed conceive Ishmael
What suggestion was made in class regarding the apparently unseemly incident in both Egypt and the Negev when Abraham said Sarah was his sister?
He really had adopted his half-sister as his "sister" in keeping with the wider cultural context in order to protect their marriage
The name Jacob means
to grasp, which figuratively comes to indicate deception
Which two sons of jacob were born to his favored wife, Rachel?
Joseph and Benjamin
What happened when jacob wrestled with a "man" the night before he was supposed to meet Esau again?
his opponent asked his name, subsequently changed his name to Israel because he had struggled with humans and God and overcome and then blessed him
What is the point of the New Testament reference to Jacob's dream at Bethel?
Jesus alludd to this dream in John 1 and said that Nathanael would see angels of God ascending and descending on the Son of Man, indicative of jesus providing access to heaven
Acquiring the birthright implied
it carried with it the economic advantages and social responsibilities of double inheritance in order to sustain the extended family
The name of the woman who stole the household gods from Laban was
Rachel
Which two sons of Jacob murdered the inhabitants of Shechem because their sister Dinah had been violated?
Simeon and Levi
Joseph had dreams indicating that
his brothers and parents would bow down to him
What did Joseph tell his brothers when their father jacob died and they were afraid that he would finally retaliate?
in spite of their evil intent, God's purposes were to preserve them
Which brother was left in Egypt between the time that the sons of Jacob first visited Egypt for famine relief and the time they returned
Simeon
What geographical detail is a marvelous illustration of the sovereignty of God in the Joseph narrative?
Joseph just happened to meet up with his brothers at Dothan which was on the international route to Egypt and was the destination of the Midianite/Ishmaelite traders
Where did the Israelites settle when they arrived in Egypt?
Goshen
the name and location of David's first capital and a city of refuge
Hebron
the name and location where the ark of the covenant was kept prior to its being taken out to battle with the Philistines
Shiloh
The three Philistine cities to which the ark of the covenant was taken
ashdod, gath, ekron
the place name where Jabin ruled and fought against Israel both in the conquest and during the period of the judges
Hazor
the first city conquered in the land of Israel
Jericho
The major city on the central plateau north of Jerusalem that banded together with three other cities to make a treaty with Joshua and the Israelites
Gibeon
Valley where David fought Goliath
Elah valley
the city near which the Israelites renewed the covenant on Mts. Ebal and Gerizim; it was also a city of refuge
Shechem
Boaz
The individual who served as kinsman redeemer for Naomi's family and who, in the process, married Ruth
Ehud
the judge who was from the tribe of benjamin was left handed and liberated the israelites from the heavy hand of Eglon, king of Moab, by running a sword right through him
Joshua
The man who, before he led the Israelites into the land, was confronted by the commander of the army of the LORD and told that he was standing on holy ground
Jael
The woman who killed Sisera, commander of the army of Jabin, by driving a tent peg through his head
Rahab
The woman who resided in Jericho and was sufficiently convinced of the power of the God of the Israelites, that she saved the lives of the Israelite spies in exchange for their promise to spare her and her family
Deborah
The woman who served as judge and a prophet and told Barak of God's command to go and fight Jabin's army under the command of Sisera
Naomi
the mother-in-law of Ruth who initially urged her daughters-in-law to return to their people and to their gods
Gideon
The judge who fought against the Midianites with an army of 300 men armed with torches and trumpets
Joshua
The man whose name means "the Lord saves"
Achan
the man who took some of the plunder from Jericho, hid it under the floor of his tent rather than giving it all over to the Lord, and was responsible for the deaths of his fellow israelites as they tried to take ai for the first time
Samson
The judge who was used by God against the Philistines even though is own personal life was a series of rebellious choices against his calling as a Nazirite
Jephthah
the judge who vowed to offer the first thing that came from his house as a burnt offering to God and ended up doing as he had vowed to his daughter
Micah
The man who, sufficiently scared by his mother's curse against the person who stole her silver to confess that it was he, made that silver into an idol and set it up in his own
Gideon
the judge who caused the people to sin by setting up an ephod that they worshipped
Eli
The priest whose sons treated the offerings of God with contempt and also slept with the women at the tent of meeting
Abigail
the woman who prevented David and his fighting men from destroying her husband Nabal when Nabal refused to give due reward to David's men for protecting them
Delilah
The woman who was responsible for Samson's final loss of strength when she persuaded him to tell ehr that the secret of his strength was in his hair
Samuel
The man who served as prophet, priest, and judge during the transition to the monarchy and who anointed both the first and second king of Israel
Achish
The king of the Philistines who gave refuge to david when he fled from Saul
Agag
The king of the Amalekites whom saul was commanded to kill
Hannah
Samuel's mother who was grieved at her own barrenness and prayed that she might have a son whom she would dedicate to the Lord's service
Saul
this man was chosen and anointed as the first king of Israel and it was confirmed when he was selected by lot
Jesse
the father of David
Joab
the commander of David's army who was a very brutal man and was responsible for the deaths of Absalom and abner
Amnon
the first-born son of David who raped his half-sister Tamar
What is Deuteronomic History?
it refers to those historical books from Joshua to II Kings that present the history of God's people in terms of whether or not they were obedient to the covenant
What thematic differences characterize the books of 1-2 Chronicles in contrast to 1-2 Samuel and 1-2 Kings
They were written later and focus more on the issues of priesthood, Temple and Davidic dynasty
Which of the following is not among prominent teachings in the book of Psalms?
the temple on Mt. Moriah
Which two thematic emphases appear in messianic psalms?
the suffering of God's Chosen One and His kingly reign
What is the best "label" for the psalms that express deep distress and suffering of either an individual or the whole community?
laments
In Psalm 109 the psalmist expresses
his outrage that he has been wronged and his desire that God curse the offender
What is the general subject matter of the example Amarna Letters from OTP?
kings of Shechem, Megiddo, among others, express their frustration that the Egyptian king is not intervening in their struggle with the Habiru
In the final chapters of the book of Judges, which tribes have a higher profile?
Judah, Benjamin, Ephraim
What happened after the ark was returned to Israel from Philistine territory?
Israelite men from Beth-Shemesh looked into the ark, were struck dead, and the people feared God so much that they put the ark into safekeeping at Kirjat-Jearim
According to the biblical text, for what two reasons did Saul forfeit the kingship?
he did not wait for Samuel but presumptuously offered a sacrifice at Gilgal and he did not obey the Lord and entirely destroy the Amalekites
What did David do to bring religious unity to his new Kingdom?
he brought the ark of the covenant to his new kingdom
The beginning of the book of Joshua and the first psalm are both characterized by their strong emphasis on
an exhortation to mediate on the Torah
which of the following is the most prominent characteristic of Hebrew Poetry?
parallelism
What reason is given in the text of Deuteronomy for the extermination of the people of Canaan as the Israelites entered the Promised Land?
otherwise the israelites would intermarry and fall into their idolatrous ways
What incident demonstrates the lack of proper knowledge of Torah near the end of the book of judges
none of the above
Which of the following is not a reason for suggesting that the book of Judges is not necessarily in chronological order?
It is clear that Deborah lived later than Samson, based on a comparison of the Hebrew used in the poem in Chapter 5 with the words that the angel of the Lord spoke to Manoah's wife
When the ark of the Lord was captured by the Philistines, how was the superiority of the God of the Israelites over Dagon, one of the gods of the Philistines, demonstrated?
In the presence of the ark, the image of Dagon fell over and broke
Absalom
the son of david who tried to take over his father's kingdom by means of a military coup
Bathsheba
the wife of Uriah the Hittite with whom David committed adultery
nathan
the prophet who confronted David with his sin of adultery adn warned him that the sword would not depart from his house and he would indeed suffer measure-for measure in the same way that he had sinned.
Gad
The prophet who rebuked David for the sin of numbering the Israelites and gave him a choice as to what punishment he would suffer
Ahithophel
the counselor first to David and then to Absalom who told Absalom to pursue after DAvid immediately and also to lie with David's concubines in full daylight, thus claiming his father's "possessions" as his own
Goliath
the Philistine giant who terrified the Israelite army into inaction until David came along with his sling and five stones
Abner
The general of Saul's armed forces
Mephibosheth
The son of Jonathan who was lame in his feet and was protected by David
Ish-bosheth
the son of Saul who took over the northern tribes for a very brief period after the deaths of Saul and Jonathan on Mt. Gilboa
Saul
the person who asked the witch at En-dor to raise up for him Samuel
Which of the following was not part of the Israelites' preparation to conquer jericho and the Land
They went to Shechem and renewed the covenant
What does the word herem mean and how does it relate to the conquest of jericho?
It means "give over to destruction" and was what happened to those who demonstrated their outright rejection of God, of which Jericho was representative
What spiritual cycle characterized the period of the Judges?
apostasy, oppression, repentance, deliverance, repetition
When Jeroboam son of Nebat placed golden calves in two significant locations, his choice was strategic because
Bethel was on the north-south route to Jerusalem and Dan would attract the northern tribes and had been a religious site a long time
Why was the location of the first capital of the northern kingdom religiously significant?
Shechem had a long-standing significance since it was the first named location to which Abraham had come and it was the city near where the covenant was renewed when the Israelites entered the land
After Elijah's contest with the prophets of Baal and Asherah, where did he go and what happened?
He first ran to Jezreel and then to Horeb, where God spoke to him, assuring him that there was still work to do
The region from which Jezebel came and brought with her Baal worship was
none of the above
In what way is the first chapter of Amos geographically significant and a good prophetic strategy?
he pronounced condemnation on surrounding nations first, a tactic which made his Israelite audience more receptive to his message
why are the Annals of Hazael, found at Tel Dan, important?
they mention the house of David
What is syncretism and why is it important?
the mixing together of religious beliefs and practices; it is descriptive of the situation in Samaria following the implementation of the deportation and repopulation procedures of the Assyrians
What archeological find describes the completion of the water tunnel during the time of Hezekiah?
the siloam inscription
What is the political situation that is briefly described in the Lachish Letters?
the desperate circumstances of the few cities left in Judah just prior to the fall of the southern kingdom
Which of the following was not one of the northern kindgom dynasties?
all of the above were
Who was Shishak
He was the Pharaoh who invaded during the reign of Rehoboam and whose attack is represented as God's judgement against apostasy
What did God's prophet say to Asa after he appealed to Syria for military help when Baasha took Ramah and fortified it?
he rebuked Asa because he had not depended on the Lord for the victory as he had done in a previous battle wit the Cushites
Who was the major international power and potential enemy of the northern kingdom at the time of Jeroboam II and Jonah the prophet
none of the above
which ruler was responsible for the destruction of the Temple that had been built by Solomon?
nebuchadnezzar
To what location did a number of the people of Judah flee, taking Jeremiah with them, after the destruction of the Temple, even though the Lord told them not to do so?
Egypt
According to Dr. Wilson, the Hebrew concept of salvation primarily involved
deliverance and liberation in this life by the power of God
Baal worshippers thought of their deity as being particularly involved in
rain, storm and agricultural produce
Which of the following types of miracles did Elisha not perform?
he did all of the above
what connection did John the Baptist have with Elijah?
the angel of the Lord told John the Baptist's father that John would come "in the spirit and power of Elijah" thus fulfilling the prophetic word through Malachai
What was the name of the Moabite king who rebelled against Ahab, son of Omri, of Israel and left eh evidence of his victories on a large commemorative stone (stele)?
Mesha
When david was nearing his death, who was the son who attempted to take the kingdom for himself because he really was next in line?
Adonijah
Who was Solomon's son who chose to increase tax burdens and to conscript laborers from among his people after the death of his father and therefore lost the then northern tribes in fulfillment of the word of God to Solomon and through Ahijah the prophet f
Rehoboam
Who was a faithful steward in King Ahab's court, saving the lives of many of the Lord's prophets during the three and one-half year famine?
Obadiah
Which prophet was responsible for the execution of 950 prophets of Baal and Asherah in keeping with the covenant stipulations about false prophets?
Elijah
Who was the wife of Ahab who was from Phoenicia and was, together with Ahab, instrumental in establishing Baal worship as the "state religion" of the northern kingdom?
Jezebel
Which king of the north persuaded Jehoshaphat to make an alliance with him and, when they were together planning to attack Ramoth-Gilead, was rebuked by the prophet Micaiah, who reported a vision of the heavenly scene where an evil spirit volunteered to l
Ahab
Which individual assassinated Ben-Hadad of Syria in accordance with the word of the Lord through Elisha
Hazael
This wicked queen of the south, a northerner who married into the Davidic dynasty, tried to do away with all the descendants of the Davidic dynasty, but she missed a young prince named Joash and he was cared for by Jehoiada the priest and lader made king
Athaliah
Which army general, while fighting at Ramoth-Gilead, was anointed by an unnamed prophet, destroyed the entire household of Ahav, jezebel and the prophets of Baal and initiated the fourth dynasty of the northern kingdom?
Jehu (general)
He was the last major king of the northern kingdom during whose reign the borders were again extended in accordance with the world of Jonah, son of Amittai, of Gath-Hepher.
Jeroboam II
This good king of the south was successful in political terms, but when he entered the temple to burn incense, he was afflicted with leprosy and there fore his son, Jotham, coreigned with him in his final years
Uzziah
He was the prophet who received a double portion of the Spirit at Elijah's death, and when he healed the Syrian general, Naaman of leprosy, he announced that his own servant, Gehazi, would suffer with leprosy because Gehazi lied in order to get rewards fr
Elisha
This was the Assyrian king who attacked Lachish and threatened Jerusalem, claiming that he had hezekiah trapped like a bird in a cage
Sennacherib
He was the very wicked son of Hezekiah who shed much innocent blood as he tried to do away with worship of the Lord; nonetheless, when he was taken captive to Assyria, he repented and God restored him
Manasseh
This king was significant both militarily in that he strengthened and enlarged the defensive walls of Jerusalem and constructed an internal water system, and religiously as he cleansed the Temple and celebrated Passover in the second month, inviting peopl
Hezekiah
This man was appointed governor after the Babylonians destroyed the temple and took Zedekiah captive to Babylon
Gedeliah
This woman interpreted the Book of the Law after it had been discovered in the Temple by Hilkiah
Huldah
This king was responsible for the fulfillment of a prophetic statement made by an unnamed prophet who declared that bones of the false priests would be burned on the altar at Bethel
Josiah
Which prophet was a very significant figure in the court of Hezekiah?
Isaiah
Which final king of Judah had to watch as his sons were executed and then had his own eyes put out?
Zedekiah
As we discussed the definition of wisdom in class, it involves the following aspects, the fear of the Lord; the ability to utilize powers of observation and perception; the ability to evaluate and analyze what has been perceived and the determination of t
true
Among the personifications of wisdom in Proverbs 1-9, we read of widsom's powerful exhortation in the temple of the Lord as she compels the priests to return to pure lifestyles
false
The Sayings of Amenemope(t) come from an Egyptian context and share the same themes and expressions with parts of Proverbs 22-24.
True
Of the Hebrew words for fool described by Dr. Wilson in his text, nabal refers to a godless and brutal person, whose mind is closed to reason
true
There are synonymous parallelisms in Proverbs 10-16 that address such topics as love, joy, peace, and patience
False
the book of proverbs is practical and instructional while Job and Ecclesiastes are speculative and philosophical.
True
men associated with Solomon had a part in copying out a long tradition of proverbs
False
A significant number of proverbs have a "motivational structure" that is based on ones character producing certain consequences
True
The final acrostic poem at the end of the book of Proverbs has to do with the role of the king as God's agent and representative for justice in the earthly realm
False
At the outset of the book of Job, the adversary comes into the very presence of God and in response to God's challenge to consider the blameless character of Job, accuses Job of fearing God only for what he gets out of it.
True
Job's character, as described in the first chapter, indicates that he offered sacrifices on behalf of his children which suggests that he knew the meaning of the role of the intercessor and mediator for which he longs in the course of his poetic dialogue
True
Job never says anything that attributes his suffering to God.
False
The three friends of Job are particularly troubling because they agree with everything that Job says and yet the accuse him of not knowing what he is talking about.
False
In God's responses at the very end of the book, He rebuked the three friends for not speaking correctly; part of speaking correctly may have meant speaking to God on Job's behalf as well as speaking about God.
True
God's first response to Job involved a series of questions about the vast expanses of the universe, the wild creatures that God created and tended, and the whole span of human cultures and nations.
False
Some date the book of Job to the time of the Patriarchs because the first two chapters mention several kings of Uz who were contemporaries of Abraham, but other say it was written much later.
False
Egyptian love songs as cited in OTP are similar to the Song of Songs in that they express in allegorical form the devotion of a worshipper to the deity.
False
One of the possible interpretations for the Song of Songs suggested in class is that its depiction of intimate, mutual and private expressions of love was intended to be a strong rebuke against the public ritual prostitution practiced in the wider cultura
True
Among the themes emphasized by the author of Ecclesiastes to articulate the "human crisis" are the following: With increased knowledge comes increased grief; pleasure and possessions fail to provide lasting satisfaction; and personal importance is fleetin
True
The hebrew title of the book of Ecclesiastes is a word taht means "someone who offers sacrifices"
False
What does 2 peter 1:19-21 indicate about prophetic literature?
None of the above
Which of the following lists best summarizes the media by which the Lord conveyed his word to His people
visions, symbolic actions recorded, oracles
Which of the following was not a critical period during which we have the ministry of writing prophets?
When baal worship threatened the very fabric of the kingdoms in the ninth century BCE
Which of the following prophets received his call in the Temple of the LORD?
Isaiah
What did Ezekiel see when God first called him?
celestial four-winged creatures with the heads of an ox, an eagle, a lion and a cherub
Of the characteristic features of prophetic preaching, which appears the most frequently in the written prophetic literature?
pronouncements of judgement on sin and unbelief
What two fundamental arguments does Isaiah pose against those who would engage in the utter folly of worshipping idols?
because idols are made by humans, it is sheer stupidity to turn around and worship them, and idols cannot tell the future and bring it to pass, but the LORD can
Which prophet, given a message that Nineveh would be destroyed in 40 days, eventually preached in that context, but resented the fact that God did indeed accept the repentance of the Ninevites
Jonah
Which prophet's marriage symbolized the spiritual adultery of the nation of Israel in forsaking God and going after Baal and other gods?
none of the above
Which prophet foretold the ultimate downfall of Ninevah in dramatic, poetic form?
Nahum
Which prophet had three children named Jezreel, "not my people" and "not beloved", indicating the terrible state of the northern kingdom before the LORD?
Hosea
In describing God's tender love for His people in calling them out of Egypt ("out of Egypt I have called My son"), this prophet's words provided the basis for Matthew's application of words about Israel to God's son, Jesus.
Hosea
This prophet began his message of condemnation of the social injustices of the northern kingdom by pointing out the human rights abuses of the nations around Israel.
none of the above
What is not a characteristic of the Servant of the Lord as He is depicted in Isaiah 40-55?
He is to be raised from the dead on the third day
Which prophet was a shepherd from Tekoa as well as a tender of sycamore fig trees, indicating that he was not among the guild of prophets?
Amos
Which prophet includes a series of visions of destruction and then restoration of David's fallen tent at the end of his book?
Amos
Which prophet refers to the Lord repeatedly as "the Holy One of Israel"?
Isaiah
Which prophet envisioned the destruction in the day of the Lord as a severe locust plague?
Joel
Which prophet spoke of the birthplace of the Messiah in Bethlehem?
Micah
Which prophet did Peter quote on the day of Pentecost, indicating that the spirit would be poured out and "sons and daughters" would prophesy?
Joel
Which major prophets had visions of the LORD on His throne? How were these visions similar and how different?
Isaiah, Ezekiel
Which prophet faced opposition from every sector of society, including kings, other prophets, priests, and common people, ending up in prison a number of times because of the message he was preaching? Did this fit with what God said in conjunction with th
Jeremiah
Which prophet was overwhelmed with the holiness of God when he saw God high and exalted on the throne? What else was part of that vision? How does holiness continue as a theme throughout this prophet's book?
Ezekiel
Which prophet expressed concern because the people were more interested in building their own houses rather than rebuilding the temple?
Haggai
Name two prophets who spoke of a Branch with clear messianic implications.
Isaiah, Jeremiah
Which prophet presented a dialogue in a series of challenges and counter-challenges and indicated that the people were indifferent to God's covenant love? What else were the people guilty of?
Malachai
Which prophet, describing the restoration of Jerusalem, said that the house of David would look upon Him whom they had pierced?
Zechariah
Which two prophets are mentioned in the book of Ezra in conjunction with rebuilding the Temple?
Haggai, Zechariah
Which prophet spoke of the Suffering Servant who was first Israel and then an individual whose mission was to bring justice and light to the Gentiles? What other themes show up in these "servant songs"?
Isaiah
Which prophet had a vision in the night of four horsemen and four chariots, all symbolizing God's sovereign control and protection, as well as those persons who would function in the present and future temple? What aspects of this vision are apocalyptic?
Zechariah
Which prophet had a scribe named Baruch who delivered some of his oracles while he was in prison?
Jeremiah
Which prophet gave a prophecy that Cyrus would restore the place of worship for God's people? Where was Cyrus from and when did he live in relation to this prophet?
Isaiah
Which prophet used the rhetorical formula "for three sins of X and for four..." as he spoke of condemnation of the nations surrounding Israel before addressing the sins of Israel itself? How would you compare and contrast the sins that are condemned for t
Amos
Which prophet saw Satan standing in heaven accusing the high priest? What happened?
Zechariah
Which prophet was a priest who had a vision of heaven, astounding creatures, wheels, the throne, and the likeness of the glory of God as part of his call?
Ezekiel
Which prophet had children named Lo-Ammi, Lo-Ruhamah, and Jezreel and a wife who was a prostitute, symbolizing the spiritual adultery of God's people?
Hosea
Which prophet's words did Jesus fulfill when He rode into Jerusalem on a colt during His triumphal entry?
Zecheriah
Which prophets' books contain significant portions of apocalyptic writing? What are the characteristics of apocalyptic literature? What common symbols appear in more than one of these prophetic apocalyptic texts?
Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Joel, Zechariah
Which prophets were called by God to prophesy regarding Nineveh? When did each prophesy and how were the results different for each?
Nahum, Jonah
Which prophet used a potter's house and pottery as symbols? What was the audience to learn?
Jeremiah
Which prophet's name means "my messenger"? Why is the idea of a "messenger" important in that context?
Malachi
Which prophet worked closely with Hezekiah during the siege of Jerusalem by Sennacherib? What aspects of the defense of Jerusalem does the prophet mention?
Isaiah
Which prophet spoke of the return of Elijah before the great and dreadful day of the LORD?
Malachi
Which prophet pictured the day of the LORD as a fierce locust plague? What did the locusts do?
Joel
Which prophet was dragged along into Egypt with Jews who went there after the fall of Jerusalem
Jeremiah
Which prophet did Peter quote on the day of Pentecost when the Holy Spirit was poured out upon the apostles and disciples gathered there? Why?
Joel
Which prophet may have written Lamentations?
Jeremiah
Which prophet told king Ahaz that as a sign, a virgin would conceive and bear a child and call his name Immanuel? What were the geopolitical circumstances surrounding this utterance?
Isaiah
Which prophet spoke of the birthplace in Bethlehem of the ruler whose goings forth were from of old, from everlasting? When did this prophet speak and to whom?
Micah
Which prophet pronounced doom solely on Edom?
Obadiah
Which prophet spoke of the downfall of Nineveh in very poetic terms?
Nahum
Which prophet was told that he would be held accountable for warning people about their sins and was called the Watchman?
Ezekiel
Which prophet asked questions (complaints) regarding the evil that was running apparently unchecked and was told that the Babylonians would execute the judgment of God and that the righteous must live in faithfulness? What are the points of the second and
Habbakuk
Which prophet wrote in Aramaic and Hebrew? Why? What do we learn from the structure of that book?
Daniel
Which prophet saw in a vision the departure of the glory of the LORD from the Temple? Where was this prophet when he saw that vision? Why is that significant?
Ezekiel
Which prophet disobeyed God's command because he probably did not want to see the brutal enemy of Israel receive mercy?
Jonah
Which prophet saw a vision of the restoration of God's temple (apparently in the future) and the sacrificial system? What has intervened in between the visions of the departure and the restoration?
Ezekiel
Which prophet repeatedly stressed God's sovereign control of the present and the future in contrast to the complete dumbness of idols? How did the prophecy regarding Cyrus fit into that context?
Isaiah
Which prophet was active as a statesman during the reigns of Nebuchadnezzar and Darius? What narrative events depict his faithfulness to God even in a pagan court?
Daniel
Which prophet was a shepherd from Tekoa? Where did he prophesy and how did that echo a preceding event?
Amos
Which prophet saw the Son of Man being given authority and sovereign power, a prophecy to which Jesus referred when he was on trial before the Sanhedrin? What were the theological implications of that title as Jesus chose to use in regarding Himself?
Daniel
Which prophet cut his hair and beard off, lay around a small model of Jerusalem, and carried his belongings out of a hole in the wall to illustrate what would happen to the people of God? What made it necessary for him to enact so many of his prophetic me
Ezekiel
To which prophet did Jesus refer when the religious sorts of His day asked Him for a sign? What was the sign?
unknown???
Which prophet spoke of the sins of Judah allegorically, using the figures of two adulterous sisters?
Ezekiel
Which prophet was called by the LORD "Son of Man"?
Ezekiel
Which prophet was the son of Hilkiah the priest and repeatedly demonstrated his concern for the broken covenant?
Jeremiah
Which prophet's words were quoted by James in Acts 15 to indicate that Gentiles would seek the LORD?
Amos
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