Language Arts Poetry Unit (7th Grade) Flashcards

Terms Definitions
hyperbole
exaggeration often used for emphasis
internal rhyme
a word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line
end rhyme
a word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of a poem
rhyme scheme
a pattern of rhyme
simile
a comparison that uses the signal words "like" or "as"
metaphor
a direct comparison with no signal words
personification
when a poet describes an animal or object as if it were human or had human qualities
idiom
an expression where the literal meaning of the words is not the meaning of the expression
analogy
a comparison between two things that seem dissimilar in order to show ways in which they might be similar
alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
onomatopoeia
the use of words whose sounds that suggest their meanings
assonance
repeated vowel sounds in a line or lines of poetry
meter
a regular, repeated arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables
consonance
similar to alliteration except the repeated consonant sounds can be anywhere in the word
rhythm
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in each line
stanza
a group of lines arranged together
free verse
poems that have no regular pattern
couplet
a two line stanza
triplet
a three line stanza
quatrain
a four line stanza
quintet
a five line stanza
sestet
a six line stanza
septet
a seven line stanza
octave
an eight line stanza
extended metaphors
What was the main type of figurative language used in the poem "Scaffolding"?
constructing buildings and love
What two things is the poem "Scaffolding" comparing?
flowers
In the poem, "I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud," what makes the speaker feel less lonely?
When the poet mentions his "inward eye", he is referring to his memory.
What do the following lines mean from "I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud"? Be specific in your answer. [They flash upon that inward eye/ Which is the bliss of solitude;]
nature
What are traditional Japanese tankas usually about?
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