EOC ENGLISH I COMMUNICATION

Terms Definitions
Analogy
This is a comparison based on a similarity between things that are otherwise dissimilar.
Audience
This is whoever will be reading or listening to a piece of work/speech.
Author's Purpose
This is the reason for creating written work.
Cause And Effect
This is the relationship between two or more events in which one event brings about another.
Central Idea
The key point made in a written passage; the chief topic.
Central Message
This is the theme of a story, novel, poem, or drama that readers can apply to life.
Climax
This is the part of the plot where the conflict and tension reach a peak.
Compare And Contrast
This is a method of relating two or more objects in a piece of work.
Controlling Idea
the author's opinion or the perspective he/she wants to convey expressed through the thesis statement for an essay, or through a topic sentence within an individual paragraph
Critique
This is a written or spoken evaluation of what is and is not effective in a literary work.
Denouement
This is part of the plot and is made up of any events that occur after the resolution in a literary work.
Detail
This is a piece of information that is used to support a main idea.
Exposition
This is the part of the plot that introduces the characters, the setting, and the basic situation.
First-person Point Of View
This is a point of view in which the story is told by one of the characters.
Hyperbole
This is extreme exaggeration used in a literary work.
Infer
This is to get a conclusion from the facts or context; to figure out what is being implied by reading between the lines.
Inference
This is reading between the lines. It is taking something that you read and putting it together with something that you already know to make sense of what you read.
Informational Text
This is a type of real-world writing that presents information that is necessary or valuable to the reader.
Introduction
This is the beginning of a written work that explains what will be found in the main part.
Limited View
This is a point of view, in which the narrator is outside the story, reveals the thoughts of only one character, and yet refers to that characters as 'he' or 'she'.
Main Idea
This is the central and most important idea of a reading passage.
Metaphor
This is a direct comparison of two things, in which they are said to be (in some sense) the same thing.
Omniscient
"Third Person __________" is a point of view in which the narrator is outside the story and knows everything about the characters and events.
Organization
In writing, this is the trait of order, structure and presentation of information; It is the writing trait which measures logical sequencing of ideas, details, or events.
Parallelism
This is a persuasive technique in which an author creates a BALANCED sentence by re-using the same word structure.
Paraphrase
This is the restatement of a written work in one's own words that keeps the basic meaning of the original work.
Plot
This is the series of events that happen in a literary work.
Presentation
This is a prepared performance, report, or demonstration for an audience.
Problem-Solution
This method of structuring text focuses on defining an issue, then gives a possible remedy for the issue.
Purpose
This is an author's intention, reason, or drive for writing the piece.
Relevant
This is an adjective that implies a thing closely relates to or is on the same subject matter; appropriate to the situation.
Repetition
This is a persuasive technique in which a word, phrase, or entire sentence is repeated to reinforce the speaker's message.
Resolution
This is the part of the plot where the conflict is ended.
Resource
This is something that can be used for support or to help.
Rhetorical Question
This is a persuasive technique in which a writer or speaker asks a question, but no answer is required because he implies the answer is obvious; done to convince the audience to agree with the writer/speaker's point.
Rhetorical Strategy
This is a plan an author uses to effectively deliver the intended message in written work.
Rising Action
This is the part of the plot where the conflict and suspense build.
Sequence
This is the order in which things happen.
Sequencing
This is arranging things in order so they can be numbered or related in a connected series.
Sequential Order
This is the chronological, or time, order of events in a reading passage.
Simile
This is a comparison of two unlike things using the terms "like" or "as".
Speech
This is a talk or public address.
Subject
This is always a person, place, thing, or idea, that the sentence is about.
Summarize
This is to state briefly.
Support
to strengthen or substantiate an argument or idea by providing facts, details, examples and other information
Supporting Evidence
These are the facts or details that back up a main idea, theme, or thesis.
Supporting Sentence This in a paragraph helps to clarify
describe, explain, or enhance the main idea of a paragraph.
Thesis
In expository writing, this is the main point or central idea that a writer states and then endeavors to prove valid by means of a systematic argument.
Third Person Limited Point Of View
This is a point of view in which the narrator is outside the story and reveals the thoughts of only one character, who is referred to as "he" or "she."
Topic
This is the specific part of a subject that is dealt with in a research paper or in an essay.
Universal Theme
This is the central message of a story, poem, novel, or play that many readers can apply to their own experiences, or to those of all people.
Viewpoint
This is an expression of an opinion or standpoint.
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