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Terms Definitions
Analogy This is a comparison based on a similarity between things that are otherwise dissimilar.
Audience This is whoever will be reading or listening to a piece of work/speech.
Author's Purpose This is the reason for creating written work.
Cause And Effect This is the relationship between two or more events in which one event brings about another.
Central Idea The key point made in a written passage; the chief topic.
Central Message This is the theme of a story, novel, poem, or drama that readers can apply to life.
Climax This is the part of the plot where the conflict and tension reach a peak.
Compare And Contrast This is a method of relating two or more objects in a piece of work.
Controlling Idea the author's opinion or the perspective he/she wants to convey expressed through the thesis statement for an essay, or through a topic sentence within an individual paragraph
Critique This is a written or spoken evaluation of what is and is not effective in a literary work.
Denouement This is part of the plot and is made up of any events that occur after the resolution in a literary work.
Detail This is a piece of information that is used to support a main idea.
Exposition This is the part of the plot that introduces the characters, the setting, and the basic situation.
First-person Point Of View This is a point of view in which the story is told by one of the characters.
Hyperbole This is extreme exaggeration used in a literary work.
Infer This is to get a conclusion from the facts or context; to figure out what is being implied by reading between the lines.
Inference This is reading between the lines. It is taking something that you read and putting it together with something that you already know to make sense of what you read.
Informational Text This is a type of real-world writing that presents information that is necessary or valuable to the reader.
Introduction This is the beginning of a written work that explains what will be found in the main part.
Limited View This is a point of view, in which the narrator is outside the story, reveals the thoughts of only one character, and yet refers to that characters as 'he' or 'she'.
Main Idea This is the central and most important idea of a reading passage.
Metaphor This is a direct comparison of two things, in which they are said to be (in some sense) the same thing.
Omniscient "Third Person __________" is a point of view in which the narrator is outside the story and knows everything about the characters and events.
Organization In writing, this is the trait of order, structure and presentation of information; It is the writing trait which measures logical sequencing of ideas, details, or events.
Parallelism This is a persuasive technique in which an author creates a BALANCED sentence by re-using the same word structure.
Paraphrase This is the restatement of a written work in one's own words that keeps the basic meaning of the original work.
Plot This is the series of events that happen in a literary work.
Presentation This is a prepared performance, report, or demonstration for an audience.
Problem-Solution This method of structuring text focuses on defining an issue, then gives a possible remedy for the issue.
Purpose This is an author's intention, reason, or drive for writing the piece.
Relevant This is an adjective that implies a thing closely relates to or is on the same subject matter; appropriate to the situation.
Repetition This is a persuasive technique in which a word, phrase, or entire sentence is repeated to reinforce the speaker's message.
Resolution This is the part of the plot where the conflict is ended.
Resource This is something that can be used for support or to help.
Rhetorical Question This is a persuasive technique in which a writer or speaker asks a question, but no answer is required because he implies the answer is obvious; done to convince the audience to agree with the writer/speaker's point.
Rhetorical Strategy This is a plan an author uses to effectively deliver the intended message in written work.
Rising Action This is the part of the plot where the conflict and suspense build.
Sequence This is the order in which things happen.
Sequencing This is arranging things in order so they can be numbered or related in a connected series.
Sequential Order This is the chronological, or time, order of events in a reading passage.
Simile This is a comparison of two unlike things using the terms "like" or "as".
Speech This is a talk or public address.
Subject This is always a person, place, thing, or idea, that the sentence is about.
Summarize This is to state briefly.
Support to strengthen or substantiate an argument or idea by providing facts, details, examples and other information
Supporting Evidence These are the facts or details that back up a main idea, theme, or thesis.
Supporting Sentence This in a paragraph helps to clarify describe, explain, or enhance the main idea of a paragraph.
Thesis In expository writing, this is the main point or central idea that a writer states and then endeavors to prove valid by means of a systematic argument.
Third Person Limited Point Of View This is a point of view in which the narrator is outside the story and reveals the thoughts of only one character, who is referred to as "he" or "she."
Topic This is the specific part of a subject that is dealt with in a research paper or in an essay.
Universal Theme This is the central message of a story, poem, novel, or play that many readers can apply to their own experiences, or to those of all people.
Viewpoint This is an expression of an opinion or standpoint.
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