Vocabulary Cartoons SAT word Power semester 2 Flashcards

important person
Terms Definitions
Dwell
to remain for a time; to reside; to focus attention on; to speak or write about at length
Ebullience
enthusiastic; bubbling with excitement
Edification
enlighten; instruct
Egg
to encourage or incite to action
Elite
the best of most skilled members of a group
Elocution
the art of public speaking
Eloquent
extremely expressive in speech, writing, or movement
Elucidate
to make clear and explain fully
Embroil
to involve in argument or hostile action; to throw in disorder
Eminent
standing out, renowned; distinguished; prominent
Emphatic
forcibly expressive
Enhance
to improve; to intensify
Enmity
hostility; deep-seated hatred
Escapade
an adventurous unconventional act
Eschew
to avoid or shun
Espouse
to adopt; to support
Estrange
to alienate; to treat as a stranger; to turn an affectionate attitude into an indifferent or unfriendly one
Ethereal
very light; airy; delicate; heavenly
Evince
to show or demonstrate clearly
Exalt
to raise high; glorify
Exemplar
a model or orginal; an example exemplary
Exodus
mass departure
Exonerate
to free from accusation or blame; to free from a responsibility or task
Expatriate
to exile, banish; leave one's country (either by force of by desire)
Extrude
to force out, as through a small opening
Fetter
to restrain; to hamper; a shackle
Fiasco
a complete or humiliating failure
Forbearance
a refraining from the enforcement of something; patience
Forebode
to predict or foretell
Forte
something in which a person excels
Forthright
directly forward; which hesitation; a straight path
Frank
marked by free and sincere expression
Fray
fight or scuffle; brawl
Fusillade
a rapid outburst or barrage
Gambit
to take a risk for some advantage
Garner
to gather or store
Gastronomy
the art of good eating
Gradient
a rate of inclination; a slope
Gravity
seriousness or importance
Gregarious
seeking and enjoying the company of others; sociable
Gullible
easily cheated or fooled
Hamper
to prevent the free movement, action, or progress of; to hinder or impede
Hearten
to give strength, courage, or hope; to encourage
Hiatus
a gap or an interruption in space, time or continuity; a break
Hierarchy
categorization of a group according to ability or status
Iconoclast
one who attacks and seeks to overthrow traditional or popular ideas or institutions
Idolatry
blind or excessive devotion to something
Idyllic
charming in a rustic way; naturally peaceful
Impair
to cause to diminish, as in strength, value, or quality
Incessant
continuing without interruption; nonstop
Incontrovertible
not able to be "turned against" or disputed; certain; indisputable
Indolence
inclination to laziness
Influx
a mass arrival or incoming; a continuous coming
Intrepid
fearless; bold
Inundate
to overwhelm with abundance or excess; flood
Inure
to get used to something undesirable; harden
Jaunt
a short pleasure trip
Jetsam
cargo or equipment thrown overboard to lighten an imperiled vessel; discarded odds and ends
Kindle
to cause to burn or ignite; to arouse or inspire
Kismet
fate
Marshal
to assemble together for the purpose of doing something; also an officer in the police or military
Martyr
someone willing to sacrifice and even give his/her life for a cause; also one who pretends suffering to gain sympathy
Masticate
to chew
Melancholy
depression of spirits; gloomy; weary
Menagerie
a collection of live wild animals or exhibit
Migratory
roving, wandering, nomadic
Milieu
environment or surroundings
Mirage
unreal reflection; an optical illusion
Misanthropy
someone who hates mankind
Misnomer
an incorrect or inappropriate name
Mode
a way or method of doing something; type, manner, fashion
Mores
customary cultural standards; moral attitudes, manners, habits
Muse
to ponder; meditate; think about at length
Muster
to collect or gather; the act of inspection or critical examination
Myriad
an extremely large number
Nepotism
favors shown by those in high positions to relatives and friends
Noisome
stinking; offensive; disgusting
Noxious
physically or mentally destructive, or harmful to human beings
Oblique
at an angle neither perpendicular or parallel; indireect or evasive; not straightforward
Obtuse
lacking intelligence, difficult to comprehend; not quick or alter in perception or feeling
Opportune
occurring or coming at a good time
Optimum
the most advantageous; the best condition, degree, or amount
Orthodox
conventional, doing it by the book, sticking to established principles
Ostracize
to exclude from a group; to shun
Oust
to eject; to force out; to banish
Paradox
a situation in which something seems both true and false
Paranoia
a mental illness of unreasonable anciety, especially believing someone is out to get you, or that you are an important person
Parry
to ward off a blow; to turn aside; to avoid skillfully, to evade
Partition
the division of something into parts; an interior structure dividing a larger area
Penitent
one who feels sorrow and remorse for past misdeeds; feeling sorrow or humble
Periphery
the outermost part within a boundary, the outside edge
Permeate
to flow or spread through; penetrate
Perverse
stubborn; contrary; intractable
Petulant
ill-humored, irritable, cranky
Philanthropy
love of mankind, especially through charitable gifts and deeds
Phobia
a persistent, illogical fear
Photogenic
suitable, especially attractive for photography
Pied
having patches or blotches of two or more colors
Pillage
to rob of goods by violent seizures, plunder; to take as spoils
Pique
irritation, resentment stemming from wounded pride; to arouse curiosity
Plight
a distressing situation
porcine
reminiscent of or pertaining to a pig; resembling a pig
Potentate
a powerful ruler; an important person
Precarious
unsafe, unsteady, unstable
Procrastinate
to put off until a later time
Proficient
skillful; to be very good at something
Propulsive
the act or process of propelling; a propelling force
Prowess
exceptional skill and bravery
Quandary
state of perplexity or doubt; a difficult or uncertain situation
Queue
to form or to wait in line; a line
Quirk
a pecularity of behavior; an unaccountable act or event
Quixotic
totally or foolishly impractical
Ramification
a development growing out of and often complicating a problem or pain; a consequence
Relinquish
to give up doing, professing, or intending; to surrender, give in
Reminisce
the act or practice of recalling the past
Remorse
a strong feeling of sadness or guilt for having done something wrong
Resurgent
rising after defeat
Revere
to regard with great devotion or respect, to honor
Rivet
to hold the attention of; something that fastens two parts together
Roster
a list of names; especially of personnel available for duty
Rudimentary
basic, crude, undeveloped; fundamental principles or skills
Scapegoat
one that bears the blame for others
Scrutinize
to look very carefully; to examine
Segregate
to separate or keep apart from others
Serpentine
snakelike in shape or movement; winding as a snake
Somber
depressing, gloomy, dark
Sonorous
producing sound, especially deep and rich, resonant
Spur
to move to action
Spurn
to reject with disdain
Stupefy
to make numb with amazement; to stun into helplessness
Sundry
various, several, miscellaneous
Supplant
to take the place of
Surfeit
an overabundant amount, especially overindulgence in eating and drinking
Tether
a rope or chain that allows limited movement; the limit of one's resources or strength
Torque
a turning or twisting force
Trenchant
cutting, incisive, having a sharp point; caustic, sarcastic
Truculent
inclined toward conflict; eager to fight
Truncate
to shorten by cutting off
Tyro
a beginner; a novice
Ubiquitous
existing or being everywhere at the same time; constantly encountered; widespread
Umbrage
sense of injury or insult; to take offense, displeasure
Unbridled
violent, unbounded, unrestrained
Veer
to change direction
Verbatim
using exactly the same words, word for word
Vertigo
the sensation of dizziness
Volition
an act of choosing, using one's own will in a conscious choice
Wane
to decrease gradually
Wither
to become dry; shriveled, shruken, dried-up
Wrest
to pull away, take by violence
Yore
former days, an era long past
Abash
to make ashamed or uneasy
Abate
to reduce
Abide
to remain; continue; stay; endure
Ablution
a cleansing with water or other liquid, especially as a religious ritual; the liquid used in such an act
Abstract
difficult to understand; impersonal; theoretical
Accountable
expected to answer for one's actions; responsible, liable, answerable
Accrue
to accumulate over time
Acme
the highest point
Addict
to devote (oneself) habitually or compulsively; one who is addicted
Adherent
a follower or a leader; supporter
Adroit
skillful; deft
Aesthetic
having to do with artistic beauty
Agog
highly excited by eagerness
Ambivalence
indecision; experiencing contradictory emotions
Ambulatory
of or for walking; capable of walking
Ancillary
helping; providing assistance; subordinate
Animated
having life, alive; filled with activity, vigor, or spirit
Animosity
having a feeling of ill- will; bitter hostility
Annals
descriptive record; history
Annex
to add or attach
Apex
the highest point; peak
Appease
to soothe; to pacify or relieve by giving into
Armament
military supplies and weapons; the process of arming for war
Ascribe
to attribute to a specific cause, source, or origin
Asinine
silly; stupid
Assail
to attack violently
Atone
to make amends
Attrition
a gradual reduction or weakening; a rubbing away
Augment
to make or become greater
Baleful
threatening; hurtful; malignant; ominous
Balk
to stop short and refuse to proceed
Bandy
to trade; to give back and forth; to bat to and fro
Barrage
a curtain of artillery fire; any overwhelming attack, as of words or blows
Battery
the unlawful beating of a person; act of beating or pounding; any large group of related things
Bauble
a small, inexpensive trinket
Bedlam
a place or scene of noisy uproar and confusion
Benighted
being in a state of intellectual darkness; ignorant; unenlightened
Bequest
something left to someone in a will
Bevy
a group of animals; an assemblage
Bland
lacking flavor or zest; dull
Bolster
to support, as in a group; to give a boost; a large pillow
Bombastic
high sounding; use of language without much real meaning
Boon
a timely benefit ; a blessing
Boor
a rude person; someone that is unrefined
Bootleg
to smuggle; to make, sell, or transport for sale illegally
Booty
loot; the spoils of war; goods or property seized by force; a valuable prize
Bovine
of, relating to, or resembling an animal such as an ox, cow or buffalo; solid; dull
Brazen
bold, shameless; impudent; brass-like
Brink
edge
Brouhaha
an uproar; hubbub
Camaraderie
comradeship; friendship
Canopy
a covering
Capitulate
to surrender under certain conditions; to give in
Carnivore
a flesh-eating animal
Carrion
dead and rotting flesh
Cascade
a waterfall; anything resembling a waterfall
cataclysm
a violent upheaval or change
Cataract
a large waterfall; a flood; an eye abnormality
Cavalier
casual; carefree and nonchalant; arrogant disregard; a gallant gentleman
Chastise
to discipline; to criticize severely
Choleric
hot-tempered; quick to anger
Circumspect
cautious; heedful of situations and potential consequences
Circumvent
to surround; enclose bypass
Clone
an exact duplicate
Coerce
to force someone by threatening or physically overpowering him
Confiscate
to seize
Continuum
a continuous whole without clear division into parts
Conundrum
a dilemma; any problem or puzzle
Copious
abundant; plentiful
Corpulent
fat; obese
Courier
a messenger
Covert
secret; hidden; concealed
Crony
a close friend or companion
Crux
main point; the heart of the matter
Cryptic
having an ambiguous or hidden meaning
Cupidity
excessive greed, especially for money
Curb
to control or check
Cursory
rapid and superficial; performed with haste and scant attention to detail
Defunct
dead or inactive; having ceased to exist
Demise
death; the end
Deploy
to arrange strategically
Depravity
extreme wickedness
Deprecate
to express disapproval of
Despot
an absolute ruler
Deter
to discourage; to keep someone from doing something
Devoid
entirely without; lacking
Diatribe
a bitter verbal attack
Diffident
lacking self-confidence; timid
Diminution
the act or process of diminishing; reduction
Dire
disastrous; desperate
Disconcert
to disturb the composure of; upset; to frustrate (as a plan) by throwing into disorder
Dishevel
to make untidy; to disarrange the hair or clothing of
Diurnal
occurring every day; occurring during the daytime
Diverse
different; varied
Doff
to take off; to remove; to put aside
Dogmatic
characterized by an authoritative, often arrogant, assertion of opinions or beliefs
Doleful
sorrowful; melancholy
Dolt
a stupid person
Don
to put on
Dour
sever; gloomy; stern
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