EOC ENGLISH I LITERATURE Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Allegory
This is a story with two or more levels of meaning--a literal level and a symbolic level--in which events, setting, and characters are symbols for ideas or qualities.
Alliteration
This is the repetition of initial consonant sounds at the beginnings of words.
Allusion
This is the reference to a person, place, or event from history, literature, or religion with which a reader is likely to be familiar.
Analogy
This is a comparison based on a similarity between things that are otherwise dissimilar.
Analyze
This is to separate a whole into its parts.
Antagonist
This is the person or force that creates conflict for the main character in a literary work.
Aside
This is a short speech delivered by an actor in a play which expresses the actor's thoughts. It is usually directed to the audience and not heard by other actors.
Assonance
This is the repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in two or more stressed syllables.
Ballad
This is a rhymed, songlike poem that tells a story , often dealing with adventure or romance.
Blank Verse
This is poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter.
Character
This is an individual's mental or moral quality.
Characterization
This is the combination of ways that an author shows readers what a person in a literary selection is like.
Characters
These are the people or animals who take part in a literary work.
Climax
This is the part of the plot where the conflict and tension reach a peak.
Compare
This is a method of relating how two or more elements or texts are SIMILAR.
Compare And Contrast
This is a method of relating two or more objects in a piece of work.
Conclusion
This wraps up a piece of writing and reminds readers of the thesis.
Consonance
This is the repetition in two or more words of final consonants in stressed syllables that are preceded by different vowel sounds.
Context
This is the framework of meaning which surrounds a specific word, sentence, idea, or passage.
Cultural Elements
This includes language, ideologies, beliefs, values, and norms. These elements help to shape the life of a society.
Denouement
This is part of the plot and is made up of any events that occur after the resolution in a literary work.
Dialogue
These are the words spoken by characters in a literary work.
Direct Characterization
This is when an author reveals a person in the story characterization by giving specific descriptions.
Drama
This is a story written to be performed by actors.
Dramatic Irony
This is when the audience or the readers know something that the characters do not know.
Dramatic Poem
This is a poem that makes use of the techniques of drama. The speaker is clearly someone other than the poet. More than one character may speak.
Dynamic Character
This is a person in a fictional work that changes during the course of the action.
End Rhyme
This is the repetition of similar sounds that comes at the ends of lines of poetry.
Epic Poem
This type of poem is very long and usually relates the adventures of a legendary character or a national history. It is often passed down orally before being written.
Evaluate
This is placing a value or rank on a piece of writing or speaking.
Exposition
This is the part of the plot that introduces the characters, the setting, and the basic situation.
Extended Metaphor
This is a sustained comparison in which a subject is written or spoken of as if it were something else.
Falling Action
This is the part of the plot where the conflict begins to be worked out and tensions lessen.
Figurative Language
This goes beyond the literal meanings of words to create special effects or feelings.
First Person
This is a point of view where the narrator is a character in the story and refers to him or herself with I.
First-person Point Of View
This is a point of view in which the story is told by one of the characters.
Flashback
This is a scene, a conversation, or an event that interrupts the present action to show something that happened in the past.
Flat Character
This is a person in a fictional work that is never fully developed by the author.
Foreshadowing
This is the use of hints in written works about what will happen later.
Form
This is the structure into which a piece of literature, such as a poem, is organized.
Free Verse
This is poetry written without a regular rhyme scheme, meter, or form.
Genre
This is the category or type of literature.
Historical Context
The setting and circumstances in which a literary work is written or an event occurs.
Hyperbole
This is extreme exaggeration used in a literary work.
Idiom
This is a phrase in common use that can not be understood by literal or ordinary meanings.
Imagery
This is the use of language that appeals to the five senses--touch, taste, smell, hearing, and sight.
Imagery
This uses sensory images to help readers to picture a person, a place, or an event.
Implied Meaning
This is a suggested, but not stated, definition.
Indirect Characterization
This is when an author reveals a person in the story characterization through his/her words, thoughts, appearance, action, or what others think or say about him/her.
Internal Rhyme
This occurs within a line of poetry when two words have similar ending sounds.
Interpretation
This is the explanation of the significance or meaning of a work.
Introduction
This is the beginning of a written work that explains what will be found in the main part.
Irony
This is the contrast between appearance and reality or what is expected and what actually happens.
Limited Third Person
This is a point of view where the narrator relates the inner thoughts and feelings of only one person.
Limited View
This is a point of view, in which the narrator is outside the story, reveals the thoughts of only one character, and yet refers to that characters as 'he' or 'she'.
Literary Device
A type of tool or strategy to enhance an author's style
Literary Elements
These are the components used together to create a fictional piece of writing.
Literary Period
Literary works are often grouped into these because they share a time span. This allows analysis for traits common to an identified time. These can include conventions, styles, themes, and philosophies. Examples include the Romantic period and the Renaissance.
Lyric Poem
This is a highly musical verse that expresses the observation and feelings of a single speaker.
Metaphor
This is a direct comparison of two things, in which they are said to be (in some sense) the same thing.
Meter
This is the rhythm or regular sound pattern in a piece of poetry.
Monologue
This is a long, uninterrupted speech by a character in a play, story, or poem.
Mood
This is the feeling that an author wants readers to have while reading.
Motif
This is a repeated idea, theme, image, word, object, phrase or action in a literary work.
Myth
This is a traditional tale about gods, goddesses, heroes, and other characters.
Mythology
This is a body or collection of tales belonging to a people and addressing their origin, history, deities, ancestors, and heroes. It explains the actions of gods and goddesses or the cause of natural phenomena and includes supernatural elements.
Narrative Poem
This tells a story in verse.
Narrator
This is the teller of the story.
Omniscient
This is a point of view; the narrator KNOWS EVERYTHING about the characters and events, and describes the characters and action from outside the story.
Omniscient "Third Person __________"
is a point of view in which the narrator is outside the story and knows everything about the characters and events.
Omniscient Third Person
This is a point of view where the narrator relates the inner thoughts and feelings of each character.
Onomatopoeia
This is the use of words that sound like the noises they describe.
Oxymoron
This is something which seemingly cannot be, yet it is; a contradiction.
Paradox
This is a statement that leads to a contradictory situation in which something seems both true and false.
Parallelism
This is a persuasive technique in which an author creates a BALANCED sentence by re-using the same word structure.
Paraphrase
This is the restatement of a written work in one's own words that keeps the basic meaning of the original work.
Parody
This is a humorous imitation of a literary work that exaggerates or distorts the characteristic features of the original.
Personification
This is a type of figurative language in which human qualities are given to nonhuman things.
Plot
This is the series of events that happen in a literary work.
Poem
This is an arrangement of words in verse. It sometimes rhymes, and expresses facts, emotions, or ideas in a style more concentrated, imaginative and powerful than that of ordinary speech.
Poetry
This is the third major type of literature in addition to drama and prose.
Point Of View
This is the perspective from which a story is told.
Prediction
This is the act of forecasting something that may (or may not) occur later.
Problem-Solution
This method of structuring text focuses on defining an issue, then gives a possible remedy for the issue.
Protagonist
This is the main character in a literary work.
Pun
This is a humorous word play that usually is based on several meanings of one word.
Repetition
This is a stylistic device where the writer repeats the same word, or phrase for the purpose of emphasis.
Repetition
This is a persuasive technique in which a word, phrase, or entire sentence is repeated to reinforce the speaker's message.
Resolution
This is the part of the plot where the conflict is ended.
Rhyme
This is the repetition of similar sounds at the ends of words.
Rhyme Scheme
This is the regular pattern of rhyme found at the ends of lines in poems.
Rhythm
This is the musical quality created by a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.
Rising Action
This is the part of the plot where the conflict and suspense build.
Round Character
This is a person in a fictional work that is well-developed by the author.
Satire
This is writing that uses humor to ridicule or criticize individuals, ideas, or institutions in hopes of improving them.
Sensory Details
These are images help the reader see or hear or feel things. These are details that appeal to the senses.
Sequence
This is the order in which things happen.
Sequential Order
This is the chronological, or time, order of events in a reading passage.
Setting
This is the time and place in which a literary work happens.
Simile
This is a comparison of two unlike things using the terms "like" or "as".
Situational Irony
This is when something happens that is the opposite of what was expected.
Slant Rhyme
This is the use of words with similar or inexact end sounds to create rhyme.
Soliloquy
This is a long speech expressing the thoughts of a character who is alone on the stage.
Sonnet
This is a fourteen-line lyric poem, usually written in rhymed iambic pentameter.
Sound Devices
These are the sounds of words that poets use to enrich their poetry.
Stage Directions
This is information written in the script of a play to tell actors where to go or how to speak their lines.
Stanza
This is a group of related lines in a poem, similar to a paragraph in prose.
Static Character
This is a person in a fictional work that does not change during the course of the action.
Structure
This refers to a writer's arrangement or overall design of a literary work. It is the way words, sentences, and paragraphs are organized to create a complete work.
Style
This is the way an author expresses ideas through the use of kinds of words, literary devices, and sentence structure.
Stylistic Device
This is a device that not only helps establish an author's style but also gives power and effect to the language.
Subplot
This is a secondary plot in a work of literature that either explains or helps to develop the main plot.
Summarize
This is to state briefly.
Symbol
This is a person, place, thing, or event that represents something more than itself in a literary work.
Symbolism
This is the use of objects or ideas that represent something other than themselves.
Text
This is the main body of a piece of writing or any of the various forms in which writing exists, such as a book, a poem, an article, or a short story.
Theme
This is the message, usually about life or society, that an author wishes to convey through a literary work.
Third Person
This is a point of view where the author uses pronouns like he and she in telling a story.
Third Person Limited Point Of View
This is a point of view in which the narrator is outside the story and reveals the thoughts of only one character, who is referred to as "he" or "she."
Tone
This is the attitude that an author takes toward the audience, the subject, or a character.
Understatement
This is used by a writer to show restraint or lack of emphasis in expression, as for rhetorical effect.
Universal Theme
This is the central message of a story, poem, novel, or play that many readers can apply to their own experiences, or to those of all people.
Verbal Irony
This is when someone says the opposite of what he or she really means.
Vivid Language
This is the use of words in a work that paints a mental picture for the reader.
Word Choice
This is another way of saying "diction." This can help reveal a) the tone of the work, b) connotations of meaning, and/or c) his style of writing
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