AP Lit- Elements of fiction Flashcards

Terms Definitions
plot
author's arrangement of incident in a story.
In medias res
beginning in the middle of the action (in the middle of things)
flashback
a scene or event from the past that appears in a narrative out of chronological order, to fill in information or explain something in the present
exposition
the background information necessary to understand a situation in the work
rising action
a complication that intensifies the situation
conflict
main struggle in the work
foreshadowing
a suggestion of the future
Protagonist
the principal character in a work of fiction
antagonist
the character who works against the protagonist in the story
suspense
the actions that keep the reader interested
climax
the moment of greatest emotional tension
resolution
the discovering and fixing of the plot
denouement
untying of the knot
characterization
the methods by which the writer creates characters in his story so that it seems they real
dynamic character
A character who grows, learns, or changes as a result of the story's action
static character
a character that does not change from the beginning of the story to the end
foil
helps to reveal character types by contrasting the distinctive qualities of other characters
flat character
a very 2-D character that is easy to read and understand
round character
a complex character that requires more attention to detail
stock character
the stereotyped character in which he is immediately known from typical characters in history
setting
the context in which the action of the story occurs
point of view
refers to who tells us the story and how it is told
omniscient narrator
a narrator who is able to know, see, and tell all, including the inner thoughts and feelings of the characters
limited omniscient narrator
more limited view. Reader sees only one view point or perspective
Stream of consciousness
takes the reader on a very deep train of thought through the main character
Objective point of view
a narrator who doesn't see into the minds of the characters
first person narrator
a narrator within the story who tells the story from the "I" perspective
unreliable narrator
narrator with different views from the author. can't be trusted
naive narrator
a youthful innocent narrator with little worldly experience
Symbol
a person, object, or event that suggests more than its literal meaning
conventional symbols
symbols that are widley recognized by a society or culture
literary symbol
can include traditional, conventional, or public meanings, but it may also be established internally by the total context of the work in which it appears
allegory
when a character, object, or incident indicates a single fixed meaning
theme
the central idea or meaning of a story
style
the distinctive manner in which a writer arranges words to achieve a particular effect
diction
writer's choice of words
tone
The attitude of the author toward the audience, events, and characters
irony
a device that reveals a reality different from what appears to be true
verbal irony
a person says one thing but means another
sarcasm
verbal irony that is calculated to hurt ones feelings
situational irony
exists when there is an incongruity between what is expected to happen and what actually happens
dramatic irony
creates a discrepancy between what a character believes or says and what the reader understands to be true
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