Initial Poetry Terms Flashcards

Terms Definitions
alliteration
Repeated consonant sounds occurring at the beginning of words or within words. ________ is used to create melody, establish mood, call attention to important words, and point out similarities and contrasts. Example: wide-eyed and wondering while we wait for others to waken.
metaphor
a comparison of two seemingly unlike things without using the word like or as.
simile
a comparison of two seemingly unlike things using like or as
personification
a type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics
onomatopoeia
the use of a word whose sound imitates or suggests its meaning
imagery
Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)
figurative language
Writing or speech that is not intended to carry literal meaning and is usually meant to be imaginative and vivid.
stanza
a fixed number of lines of verse forming a unit of a poem
poetry
A kind of rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery designed to appeal to our emotions and imagination.
lyric poetry
poetry that does not tell a story but is only intended to express the speaker's (the writer's) emotions about a particular subject.
narrative poetry
Poetry that tells a story using elements of character, setting, and plot.
epic poetry
a long poem that tells of the adventures of one or more great heroes; epopee. ________ __________ is written in a dignified, majestic style, and often gives expression to the characters and ideals of a nation or race.
free verse
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
rhyme scheme
The pattern or sequence in which end rhyme occurs throughout a poem. The first end sound is represented with an "a," the second end sound is represented with a "b," and so on. When the first sound is repeated at the end of another line within the poem, it is also designated as "a."
repetition
repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis
tone
the writer's or speaker's attitude toward the subject of a story, toward a character, or toward the audience (the readers).
symbol
something that stands for itself at a literal level but which also suggests something (or several things) at the same time; frequently a concrete object or animal that represents a quality or abstract idea
meter
the regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables that can establish the rhythm of a poem
sonnet
a short poem with fourteen lines, usually ten-syllable rhyming lines, divided into two, three, or four sections
couplet
two consecutive lines of poetry that usually rhyme and have the same meter
poetic license
license or liberty taken by a poet, prose writer, or other artist in deviating from rule, conventional form, logic, or fact, in order to produce a desired effect
cinquain
a short poem consisting of five, usually unrhymed lines containing, respectively, two, four, six, eight, and two syllables.
haiku
3 unrhymed lines (5, 7, 5) usually focusing on nature
limerick
a kind of humorous verse of five lines, in which the first, second, and fifth lines rhyme with each other, and the third and fourth lines, which are shorter, form a rhymed couplet
hyperbole
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
irony
a contrast or discrepancy between expectation and reality
prose
ordinary speech or writing without rhyme or meter; referring to speech or writing other than verse
syntax
means the arrangement of words and the order of grammatical elements in a sentence.
ballad
a type of poem that is actually meant to be sung and is both lyric AND narrative in nature
diction
a writer's or speaker's choice of words
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