English exam- with greek mythology by Katlin English Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Gaea and Uranus
They were the mother and father of the Titans, Cyclops, and 50 headed monsters
Titans
the first kids of Gaea and Uranus
Hermes
stole Apollo's cows when only a baby, transported the dead to the underworld; has winged sandals, helped Perseus kill Medusa
Aphrodite
wife of Hephaestus, goddess of love; has two sons:Aeneas and Eros, won the beauty contest between the goddesses and received the golden apple
Cronus
father of the 6 Olympian gods and goddesses, used a sickle given to him by his mother to end his father's cruelty and to set his brothers free
Athena
born from Zeus' head, Zeus' favorite child, goddess of war
Apollo
Artemis' twin bother; god of the hunt, light, and foreseeing things; has a sacred laurel tree; won the oracle of Delphi when he defeated Python
Arachne
turned into a spider by Athena after making a tapestry making fun of Zeus and his wives
Hades
"The Hospitable One", god of the underworld, captured Kore and wanted her to be his wife, Zeus and Poseidon's brother
Poseidon
Olympian called the Earth shaker, god of the sea, brother of Zeus and Hades
Orion
a great hunter who was stung and killed by a scorpion, his image was hung in the sky by Artemis and Apollo
Dionysus
god of wine, only Olympian whose mother was a mortal; turned men into dolphins
Artemis
goddess of the hunt; her symbol is the moon; Zeus promised her she would never have to marry
Hera
Queen of Mt. Olympus; gets jealous of her husband often; symbol is the peacock
Gaea
Mother Earth
Cyclops
all silver smiths; names were thunder, lightning, and thunderbolt; sons of Gaea
Rhea
one of Titanesses; mother of 6 Olympian gods and goddesses; wife of Cronus
Metis
one of Titanesses who married Zeus and was his first wife; goddess of Prudence; was swallowed by Zeus while she was pregnant with Athena
Demeter
goddess of the seasons; mother of Kore; sister of Zeus; cried when Kore was taken to the underworld by Hades, which caused the season to change
Hestia
goddess who gave up her throne for Dionysus, but still lives on Mt. Olympus
Atlas
god who had to hold the Earth on his shoulders
Pandora
was created by Hephaestus and Athena in the likeness of Aphrodite, opened a secretive box letting all of the miseries into the world
Deucalion
son of prometheus
Aeolus
keeper of the winds, grandson of Deucalion and Pyrra
Boreas
means North Wind
Notus
means South wind
Zephyr
means West Wind, gentle
Eurus
name for the East Wind; least important wind
Eos
she was the mother of the four winds, asked Zeus to grant her young prince eternal life so that she could marry the young mortal whose name was Tithonus, she had forgotten to ask for eternal youth so he shriveled and shrank into a grasshopper
Helios
the sun god, he rode his chariot drawn by horses around the world (he is the sun moving around the world when he rides in his chariot); has a son named Phaethon
Phaethon
son of Helios; mortal; he asked his father to let him drive the sun chariot for one day; Zeus had to throw a lightning bolt at the chariot because it went out of control and he plunged into the river Po
Pan
god of nature; had goat's legs, pointed ears, a pair of small horns, and was covered with shaggy hair; son of Hermes; was sent by the gods to the woods to be the protector of hunters, shepherds, and curly-fleeced sheep; put fear into those who saw him (where panic comes from)
Echo
nymph; Hera made her only repeat the words of others for not telling her where Zeus was; feel in love with Narcissus but could never talk to him
Syrinx
nymph who Pan fell in love with; she ran away from him and turned into a reed; Pan made the panpipe and named it after her
Daphne
nymph Apollo fell in love with; had a cold heart and vowed never to marry; Apollo chased after her to her father's river bank where she turned into a laurel (tree)
Oedipus
king of Thebes who unknowingly killed his father Laius and married his mother Jocasta; solved the Sphinx's riddle
adjective, noun, verb
Participle: Form of a verb that can act as an_____to modify a_______or_______.
participle
The thief ARRESTED for the robbery shot at the security guard. What verbal is this
participle
The flag WAVING in the wind is inspirational. What verbal is this
gerund
They are sure the extra PLANNING will make a difference in the end. What verbal is this
infinitive
The show offers everyone a chance TO BE a millionaire.
noun
Since participles function as adjectives, they usually appear next to the_____.
ing
Present participle end in _____.
ed, t, k, n
past participle end in____, ____, _____, or_____.
fallen, soldier
The fallen soldier lay motionless on the battlefield. What is the participle in this sentence, and what does it modify.
standing, officer
He called to the police officer standing by the cruiser. What is the participle in this sentence, and what does it modify.
ing
Gerunds always end in ____.
nouns
Unlike participles, Gerunds function as_____.
1
Driving in the rain can be dangerous (1). Driving in the rain, she became nervous (2). Which sentence contains a Gerund, sentence 1 or 2?
Subject
Writing an essay requires concentration. What does the Gerund act as in this sentence
Direct Object
He enjoys cooking gourmet meals for his family. What does the Gerund act as in this sentence
Indirect Object
He gave training for the marathon his total effort. What does the Gerund act as in this sentence
Subject compliment
His lifelong dream is traveling around the world. What does the Gerund act as in this sentence
Object of the Preposition
Before setting the table, you should wash your hands. What does the Gerund act as in this sentence
to
Infinitive phrases begin with____.
Noun
To answer my question took an hour. Is the infinitive functioning as a noun, adjective, or adverb?
Direct object
I like to read in bed. What kind of infinitive Noun is this?
noun, subject compliment
She seems to like her job. What is the infinitive functioning as, and what is it modified as.
Adjective, pronoun
He was always looking for someone to blame. What is the infinitive functioning as, and what is it modified as.
Adverb, verb
To catch a butterfly, use a net. What is the infinitive functioning as, and what is it modified as.
noun, pronoun
An appositive renames a_____ or ______.
my dentist, Dr. Rockwell
Dr. Rockwell, my dentist, has office hours on the weekend. What is the appositive or appositive phrase in this sentence, and what does it modify?
my neighbor, indirect object
I gave Jackson, my neighbor, his bike back. What is the appositive or appositive phrase in this sentence, and what is the noun it modifies acting as?
verb phrase
Smitty HAS NEVER SEEN a live manatee. Is the capitalized phrase a verb phrase, prepositional phrase, or appositive phrase?
Appositive phrase
The movie PRINCE OF EGYPT is based on a story in the Hebrew Bible. Is the capitalized phrase a verb phrase, prepositional phrase, or appositive phrase?
Prepositional phrase
After my doctor's appointment ON WEDNESDAY, I will go back to work. Is the capitalized phrase a verb phrase, prepositional phrase, or appositive phrase?
Adjective Clause
This clause modifies nouns and pronouns
Adverb Clause
This clause modifies verbs, adjectives, and adverbs.
Dependent clause
This clause has a subject and a verb but is not complete.
Dependent clause
When the driver skidded across the road. What type of clause is this?
subordinating conjunctions
Every adverb clause is introduced by____________.
when, where, why, how, to what extent
Adverbs answer these 5 questions, ________, ___________, ________, _______, and _________________.
true
All independent clauses are complete sentences. True/False
Adverb clause
My brother works harder THAN I DO. The capitalized words represent what type of clause.
Which one, what kind
Adjective clauses answer _______, and _________.
true
Adjective clauses can not change position in a sentence. True/False
extraneous
coming from the outside; foreign
extraterrestrial
outside the earths atmosphere
extrovert
a person interested in things outside the self; directing thoughts outward
mediate
to act as a negotiator between opposing sides in a dispute
mediocrity
the condition of being commonplace or ordinary, a very ordinary person
medium
a substance or element through which something is transmitted
non sequitur
a statement that doesn't follow logically from evidence
obsequious
excessively willing to yield to others
subsequent
coming after or later
sequester
to go into hiding
excerpt
a passage selected from a book
exhilarate
to cheer; to enliven
exonerate
to free from blame
exorbitant
excessive
compound
to mix together
exposition
a precise statement or explanation
Once upon a time/ Happily ever after
most fairy tales start there story with__________ and end with _______________ (The end)
magic
suspension of reality
3
magic number in fairy tales
Stereotype
judgment with a grain of truth
exaggeration, incongruity, reversal, and parody
the four techniques of satire
Satire
a literary work that ridicules its subject through the use of techniques such as exaggeration, reversal, incongruity, and parody in order to make a comment or criticism about it.`
Incongruity
In Shrek, Shrek not slaying the dragon is what type of satire?
exaggeration
In Shrek, the bird exploding is what type of satire?
Parody
In Shrek, the scene of the Matrix is what kind of satire?
reversal
In Shrek, Fiona being strong is what type of Satire?
exaggeration
to enlarge, increase, or represent something beyond normal bounds so that it becomes ridiculous and its faults can be seen.
incongruity
to present things that are out of place or are absurd in relation to its surroundings
reversal
to present the opposite of the normal order
parody
to imitate the techniques and/or style of some person, place, or thing
allusion
a reference to a historical event, piece of literature, art ect.
tone
the author's attitude toward the subject
discussing
The players were (discuss) their strategies.
drunk
We have __________ all the juice in the refrigerator. (drank, drunk)
swum
Edward had never___________ so far before. (swam, swum)
Were wearing, past
They were wearing their basketball uniforms. (what is the verb or verb phrase in this sentence and what is the principal part?)
Present particle
Will has been coming to this park for many years. (what is the principal part?)
Past particle
Glenda should have written sooner. (what is the principal part?)
Present
I practice my music every day. (What is the principal part?)
be, (am) being, was, (have) been
What are the four principal parts (present, present particle, past, and past particle) of the irregular verb "be"?
swim, (am) swimming, swam, (have) swum
What are the four principal parts (present, present particle, past, and past particle) of the irregular verb "swim"?
rise, (am) rising, rose, (have) risen
What are the four principal parts (present, present particle, past, and past particle) of the irregular verb "rise"?
cost, (am) costing, cost, (have) cost
What are the four principal parts (present, present particle, past, and past particle) of the irregular verb "cost"?
cum
with
coherent
adj. showing an orderly relation of parts; sticking together
colloquial
adj. characteristic of ordinary conversation rather than formal speech or writing
commiserate
v. to feel or express sorrow or pity
condone
v. to forgive
commodious
adj. spacious, roomy, as in a house
contrite
adj. thoroughly remorseful and repentant of one's sins
teneo, tenere, tenui, tentum
to hold
abstain
v. to refrain from something by one's choice
impertinent
adj. impudent; rude; irrelevant
pertinacious
adj. holding firmly
tenacity
n. hanging on to something stubbornly
apo, apere, epi, aptum
to fasten
aptitude
n. a natural talent or ability; quickness in learning
inept
adj. without skill; inappropriate or out of place
jungo, jungere, junxi, junctum
to join
adjunct
n. an added part not essential to the whole
conjugate
v. to give forms of verbs in a fixed order
injunction
n. an authoritative command
juncture
n. a serious state of affairs; condition or point of being joined
subjugate
v. to conquer
stringo, stringere, strinxi, strictum
to draw together tightly
astrigent
adj. harsh; severe
strait
n. a narrow passage of water connecting two large bodies of water; a difficulty
stringent
adj. severe; pertaining to scarcity of money
M4 Carbine
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