Cretan, Greek, Roman and Etruscan sections vocabulary handout Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Grecian term for loincloth
perizoma
Grecian term for tunic
chiton
large wrapped shawl (Greek)
himation
women's dress, worn close to the body, perhaps held with large pins (Greek)
doric peplos
full dress, long sleeves, fastened with many small brooches at shoulders and sleeves (Greek)
ionic chiton
narrower than ionic, no sleeves, held at shoulders (Greek)
doric chiton
belted below bust, lightweight fabric draping over body (Greek)
hellenistic chiton
working class, short garment fastened over one shoulder (Greek)
exomis
wide-brimmed men's hat
petasos
small-brimmed hat with pointed crown, worn by men and women (Greek)
pilos
leather or metal leg protectors, military attire (Greek)
greaves
close fitting chest armor, military (Greek)
cuirass
cloak, outer garment, often clasped (Greek)
chlamys
rounded cloak/mantle, draped over body (Etruscan)
tebenna
high-crowned, small-brimmed hat (Etruscan)
tutulus
varied in shape, draped basic garment, later worn only by male citizens (Roman)
toga
draped shawl similar to Greek himation (Roman)
palla
pin used to fasten garments, often decorative (Roman)
fibula
Roman term for loincloth
subligaria (women)
subligar (men
wrap to support breasts, bra (Roman)
strophium
broad purple bands on tunics of Roman senators, nobility
clavi
fabric woven flax
linen
lengthwise fibers
warp
crosswise fibers
weft
diagonal grain of fabric
bias
side ends of the fabric
selvage
shaped and worn like triangular diapers (Egyptian)
loincloth
close fitting dress, perhaps tubular, falling below the breasts to above the ankles sometimes with shoulder straps (Egyptian)
sheath dress
a seamed garment with slits for head and arms, T-shaped, sometimes with a cord serving as a belt (Egyptian)
tunic
a wrapped skirt worn by men (Egyptian)
schenti
belt worn by young girls and dancers as only adornment (Egyptian)
cache-sexe
lock of hair worn on shaved head of royal children (Egyptian)
lock of youth
black eye liner made from galena, a lead sulfide (Egyptian)
kohl
charm worn around neck to ward off evil (Egyptian)
amulet
crown type head piece (Egyptian)
diadem
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