AP Lit - Fundamentals of Poetry Flashcards

Terms Definitions
meter
pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables established in a line of poetry.
foot
unit of meter. 2-3 syllables.
iamb
type of foot. u /
trochee
type of foot. / u
anapest
type of foot. u u /
spondee
type of foot. / /
dactyl
type of foot. / u u
pyrrhic
type of foot. u u
monometer
one-foot line
rhymed verse
Verse with end rhyme and usually a regular meter.
blank verse
Iambic pentameter w/o end rhyme
free verse
Verse that consists of lines without a regular meter or rhyme
internal rhyme
consists of similarity occurring between two or more words in the same line of verse
masculine rhyme
one syllable of a word rhymes with another word. ex: bend and send, bright and light
feminine rhyme
last two syllables of a word rhyme with another word. ex: awful and lawful, lighting and fighting
triple rhyme
occurs when the last three syllables of a word or line rhyme. ex: victorious and glorious, battering and shattering
rhyme scheme
pattern/sequence in which the rhyme occurs
assonance
familiarity or repetition of a VOWEL SOUND into two or more words. ex: lake and stake (rhymes), lake and fate (assonance)
consonance
is the repetition of consonant sounds within a line of verse. ex: but such a tide as moving seems asleep
refrain
repetition of one or more phrases or lines at intervals in a poem, usually the end of a stanza.
dramatic irony
when a reader is aware of something that a character isn't
irony of situation
this refers to a happening that is the opposite of what is expected or intended for both character and reader
heroic couplet
consists of two successive rhyming verses that contain a complete thought within the two lines.
terza rima
three-line stanza form with an interlaced or interwoven rhyme scheme: a-b-a, b-c-b, c-d-c, etc.
limerick
five-line nonsense poem with an anapestic meter. usually a-a-b-b-a.
ballad stanza
four lines with a rhyme scheme of a-b-c-b. 1st and 3rd lines are tetrameter and the 2nd and 4th are trimeter.
rime royal
seven line stanza in iambic pentameter rhyming a-b-a-b-b-c-c.
ottava rima
eight-line iambic pentameter stanza with a rhyme scheme of a-b-a-b-a-b-c-c.
spenserian stanza
nine-line stanza consisting of eight iambic pentameter lines follored by an alexandrine, a line of iambic hexameter. the rhyme scheme is a-b-a-b-b-c-b-c-c.
sonnet
fourteen-line stanza form consisting of iambic pentameter lines.
Petrarchan
____ sonnet. octave of eight lines and a sestet of six. a break in thought occurs between the octave and the sestet. rhyme scheme: abbaabbacdecde.
Shakespearian
______ sonnet. three quatrains and a concluding couplet. rhyme scheme: ababcdcdefefgg.
villanelle
five tercets and a quatrain in which the first and third lines of the opening tercet recur alternately at the end of the other tercets and together as the last two lines of the quatrain.
elegy
usually a poem that mourns the dead of an individual, the absence of something deeply loved, or the transience of mankind.
ode
an exalted, complex rapturous lyric poem written about a dignified, lofty subject
anachronism
an element in a story that is out of its time frame; sometimes use to create a humorous or jarring effect, but sometimes the result of poor research on the author's part
aphorism
a terse statement that expresses a general truth or moral principle
pastoral
a poem, play or story that celebrates and idealizes the simple life of shepherds and shepherdesses, or just rural life in an idyllic or idealistic way.
anecdote
a short and often personal story used to emphasize a point
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