Modern Dance (German, U.S.), Ballet, Minstrel Shows Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Dance
Movement to music
Cakewalk
1st indigenous african-american dance to attract mass public attention; inflitrated dance halls of the world; a black parody of the intricate manners of white society; prizes awarded to couple who best imitated the social graces of "their betters"
Animal Dances
Grizzly Bear; Eagle Rock; Snake Hip; Chicken Scratch; Bunny Hug; Turkey Trot (most popular); Fox Trot
Maple Leaf Ray
Sold more than 1 million copies between 1900-1962; world was ragtime crazy
Denishawn
1st school of modern dance; founders; Ruth St. Dennis and Ted Shawn
Hanya Holm
1940-1960; choreographed "My Fair Lady", which was the 1st musical with modern dance
Ruth St. Denis
music visualization
Ted Shawn
put together "Jacob's Pillow"(1st modern dance festival)
Modern Dance
1900; evolved as a direct revolt against the restrictions of ballet; theme: social, political, and global
3 types of ballet
classical, contemporary and neo-classical
Classical Ballet
pre-1900; story lines: sleeping beauty, swan lake; "G" rated (disney)
Contempory Ballet
post-1900; abstract/avant garde
3 main people of contempory ballet
serge diaghilev, michel fokine and vaslar nijinski
Serge Diaghilev
the impresario of the "Ballet Ruses"
Ballet Ruses
avant garde/abstract
Michel Fokine
1st contemporary ballet choreographer
Vaslar Nijinski
1st great male ballet dancer/choreographer of the 20th century; famous pieces: "rite of spring: and "afternoon of the fawn"
Neo-Classical Ballet
1940-present; George Balanchine-ballet ruses choreographer who developed neo-classical technique
Modern Dance is
torso based; gravity; performed barefoot
Ballet is
extremity based; lifted; performed in slippers or on pointe shoes
Isadora Duncan
mother of modern dance; technique: running, skipping, walking, etc.; Isadorable: improvisation
German Modern Dance
Rudolph Von Laban; Mary Wigman; Kurt Joss; Hanya Holm
Rudolph Von Laban
1910-1930; father of german modern dance; Labanotation: a system of movement analysis
Mary Wigman
1910-1930; Expressimistic: drape colors, very dark movements
Kurt Joss
1930-1950; Green Table(1932): signature work about WWI and WWII
Vaudeville Era
young black dancers could show off their talents by becoming "picks" or "picaninnies"
Vaudeville Stage
genesis for the integrated musical through specialty acts
4 types of Vaudeville acts
comic/eccentric: ray bolges; acrobatic: chorus girls; psenso-classical/toe routines: adelaide and hughes; tap: bill "bojangles" robinson
Chorus Girl
orgins are Paris, where is was revued
Precision Dancing
orgins are London, where is was more subdued
Radio City Rockettes
world-wide known living precision dance troup; a living example of the "stop the show" choreographer of the 1920-1930's
Dance Directors
ultimatly responsible for dance presentations; recieved little notice or appreciation
Ned Wayburov
choreographer who is most noted for the hayday of the broadway revues (1900-19400; recognized show dancing as a business; coined the phrase "fancy dancing"
Fancy Dancing
a blend of balletic figures with tap & step which was ideally suited to show routines; girls divided into 3 groups: squabs, peaches & chickens, and ponies
Squabs
tallest, prettiest, and glamorous girls
Peaches & Chickens
Speciality acts
Ponies
work horses; made up in skill what they lacked in looks
Florenz Ziegfeld
american producer & manager who created an american form of the french revue called "Ziegfeld Follies"
Ziegfeld Follies
1907-1932; ran annually in NY; a spectable of comedy. stage gradeur & vaudeville specialty acts
Harlem
renaissance (1900-1930); became the center of flowering african-american culture
Harlem Theaters
Lafayette: "Darktown Follies", & "Shuffle Along"; Lincoln: "Runnin' Wild"
Harlem Clubs
Savoy: lindy, swing & the big band sound; Cotton Club: greatest acts of the day
Darktown Follies
early harlem musical which brought white audiences uptown to Harlem; broke the taboo of a "nergo" love story; danced breadth & orginiality never before seen on a NY stage; ended with the cakewalk and introduced the world to the "Texas Tommy", and the "Circle Dance"
Texas Tommy
the abandoment of couple dancing for individual expression
Circle Dance
great sensation of 'darktown follies'; featured Ethel Williams bring up the rear with her own clowning version of "balling the jack", and "moochie & slide"
Cotton Club
most famous & notorious cabaret; a NYC revue which opened in 1923; musican; duke ellington & cab calloway; film: 1984 starring gregory hines & richard gere; dancers: coles & atkins, bill "bojangles" robinson, the 4 step brothers, snake hip tucker, nicholas brothers
Early Harlem Musicals
Runnin' Wild, Shuffle Along, and Darktown Follies
Runnin' Wild
solidified the growing taste for charleston in the u.s. and europe
William Henry Lane
"Master Juba"; brought a new hybrid of african-american dance to wider audiences
Juke Joints
urban counterpart "honky-tonks"; the incubators of much of the new music and dance that would sweep across America such as "the charleston", "the grind", "buzzard lope", & "black bottom"; moonshine, fiddles and banjos were seen there
Rag Time
born of european folk tunes mixed with west african drum rythms; at it's heart, it is the concept of syncopation; opened up a passageway between theatre composer & dance hall which for 30 years, allowed dancers to pass between stage, ballroom & studio
Development of media technology in early 20th century
gramaphone: 1st record player; help develop dance style & allowed dancing at home; cinema: could watch dancing
Fox Trot
popular animal dance; the root for it's popularity was the easy going & improvisatioal nature of the steps
Social Dance
born of a marriage between popular music & contemporary style; a social environment
Bunny Hug
the physical nature led woman to protect themselves with padded sticks that comprised a "bumper belt"
The Charleston
walked another step on the road away from intimate expression; blurred the line between stage performer & ballroom practioner; lack of travel meant it was easy to film; steps were intregrated into the lindy hop of swing dance; along with the black bottom, it represented the high-water mark for dances passing back & forth between stage & ballroom
Vernon & Iren Castle
created the "Castle Walk"; their technique was to polish & refine the rombunctious dances of the era; no hip shaking, no elbow flouncing; hops were replaced with glides; they gave syncopation sophistication
Shuffle Along
put jazz dance on the map; starred josephine baker dancing "the charleston" & "black bottom"
T.D. Rice
first white man to rub burned cork on his face and perform a parody of black song & dance as "jupming jim crow"
Social Migration
from rural (1900) to urban (1920-1950) to suburban (1950-present); people were migrating from farms to cities were music & dance were being developed
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