For Anatomy test Flashcards

Terms Definitions
angio-
vessel
uni
one
or
mouth
pan-
all
per
through
abdomen
abdominal
myc/o
muscle
breast
mammary
clavicle
collarbone
Cervical
c1-c7
ili
ilium
tympan
eardrum
osmo
odor
angi
vessel
DKA
diabetic ketoacidosis
synov/o
synovial membrane
peri
around, surrounding
derm/o, dermat/o
skin
poiki/o
varied, irregular
LYSIS
BREAK DOWN,DISSOLVE
-trophy
nourishment. development
ex-
out, away from
hem
r - blood
graph
instrument for recording
Pineal Gland
produces melatonin
proximal
toward attached base
mri
magentic reasoning image
The ossicular hammer.
malleus
chronic
constant; habitual; inveterate:
Enteric—isolation that requires protection with regard to a patients intake and output of food and liquids
fissure
deeper groove than gyri
Dilate
Blood vessels get larger
LARYNX
TOP OF THE TRACHEA
osteodystrophy
poor formation of bone
Another name for platelets
thrombocyte
remission
the act of remitting.
eclampsia
condition characterized by convulsions and possibly coma during pregnancy
most common bacteria-caused; symptoms include arthritis, proctitis and inflammation of the eye's conjunctiva
Chlamydia
the tail bone is the
coccyx
Sacral
Posterior region between the hipbones
-osis
means abnormal condition or disease
plantar
The sole of the foot
PCP
PHEN CYCL IDINE (ANGLE DUST)
JRA
juvenile rheumatoid arthritis in children usually outgrows children under 17
conjunctivitis
Inflammation of the conjunctiva, usually associated with a discharge.
inflammation
redness, swelling, pain, tenderness, heat, and disturbed function of an area of the body, esp. as a reaction of tissues to injurious agents.
palsy
paralysis of localized area; most common in facial muscles paralyzed on one side
________________ is the deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin.
anemia
muscularly pulling one's hand and fingers towards the dorsum of the arm represents hand and wrist...
extension
Cells in solid-gel matrix. supports, protects, provide framework. forms intervertebral discs between bones of the spinal column, parts of pelvic girdle, and knees. tough tissue, has many coll fibers. a shock absorber for structures subjected to pressure.
Fibrocartilage
contains urinary bladder, large intestine, reproduction organs
pelvic cavity
ELECTROLYTES
SALTS DISSOCIATED IN BODILY FLUIDS NA/K=NERVE IMPULES,
FE=CARRIES 02 IN HEMOGLOBIN OF BLOOD
CA=CLOTTING, MUSCLE CONTRACTIONS
fingers or toes (also called phalangeal)
digital
Which is not a tarsal bone?
epicondyle
First sound heard (blood pressure)
Systolic pressure
Immunotherapy
Use of immunologic knowledge and techniques to treat or prevent disease.
White area of the eyeball -
Sclera
cup shaped cavity of the hip
acetabulum
CII (name and function)
Optic and vision
dense bundles of connective tissue comprised of colagen fibers which connect bones together are called...
ligaments
mucous
pertaining to, consisting of, or resembling mucus.
small square shaped projection about midway along the intertrochanteric crest?
quadrate triangle
parts of the brainstem
medulla oblongata, pons, mesencephalon
Collectively the vertebral foramen are called?
Vertebral canal.
The region between the lungs is ?
mediastinum
another name for the clavicle is the
collarbone
All hormones secreted by the pituitary actually came from the hypothalmus. true or false
false
Exhalation
occurs when the pressure in the alveoli is greater than the atmospheric pressure (760mmHg @ sea level). occurs when diaphragm & external intercostals relax. This decreases volue of lungs & increase pressure of gas in alveoli (boyles law)
What disease is caused by spirochetes?
lyme disease
Mechanism that moves substances out of the cell using a vesicle
Exocytosis
2nd nerve cell receiving impulse, multipolar, transmit sensory impulse to appropriate part
Association neuron
inner lining of the pericardium, adhering to the outside of the heart
visceral pericardium
Hepatic artery
brings oxygen-rich blood to the liver
nucleus
directs most of the cells functions, contains the molecule DNA whichmdictates both replicative and transcriptive that can be translated by the RER into polypeptide chains, thus governing the functions of the cell via the synthesis of proteins
Reticulocyte
Immature erythrocyte with a network of strands that are seen after staining the cell with special dyes.
Philtrum
The vertical groove along the midline of the upper lip and inferior to the nasal septum.
4 types of tissues
epithelial(covers and lines), connective (connect and bind), muscular (movement), nervous (communication and control)
the midline urethral bulb is covered by this muscle
bulbospongiousus
The toungue contains special receptors called _________.
Taste Buds
H+ions can or cannot pass directly from the blood to the CSF
cannot
have microvilli and are modified epithelial cells (not nuerons)
gustatory cells
edema
effusion of serous fluid into the interstices of cells in tissue spaces or into body cavities.
ligation
the act of ligating, esp. of surgically tying up a bleeding artery.
the large anteromedial part of pubis is called?
pubic body
Which muscle group will be inflammed in appendicitis?
Ileopsoas muscles
The outer fibrous layer of the _______ is dense regular connective tissue.
periosteum
paranasal sinuses function
add to cleaning, warming, and humidification of air
Facultative anaerobic species
can preproduce with or without oxygen.
entire portion of the tooth covered with enamel
anatomical crown
The heart is _____ to the leg.
medial, superior
lines the wall of the abdominal cavity.
parietal peritoneum
The firm irregular ridges of tissue directly posterior and lateral to the incisive papilla are?
Palatine rugae
cervicitis
an inflammation of the cervix that is usually caused by an infection
zone of calcified matrix
dead cells; osteoblasts and capillaries from diaphysis invade the layer and bone formed here
VEINS
carries blood back to the heart from capillaries
These transport cholesterol and other lipids to body cells
low-density lipoproteins (LDLs)
lumbar
pertaining to the loins or lower back (near waist) region.
aneurysms commonly occur where?
at the Circle of Willis
A DISEASE CAUSING THE DETERIORATION OF THE INTELLECTUAL FUNCTIONING
ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE
What is the count for compressions and air for an infant when doing 2 man CPR?
15:2
scotoma
An area of lost or depressed vision within the visual field, surrounding an area of normal vision.
flexor digitorum brevis: origin
medial tubercle of calcaneal tuberosity, plantar aponeurosis, and intermuscular septa
viral
of, pertaining to, or caused by a virus.
acronym
a word formed from the initial letters or groups of letters of words in a set phrase or series of words, as Wac from Women's Army Corps, OPEC from Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, or loran from long-range navigation.
eponym
a person, real or imaginary, from whom something, as a tribe, nation, or place, takes or is said to take its name:
palpation
to examine by touch, esp. for the purpose of diagnosing disease or illness.
What is a dilated area that lies anterior to the vertebral bodies of L-1 and L-2 and recieves fluid from the lumbar trunks and empties into the thoracic duct which returns with lymph fluid to the systemic circulation?
Cisterna Chyli
coronary artery bypass
surgical procedure to which a blood vessel if removed from another part of the body and inserted in the coronary circulation to bypass blood flow around an occluded (blocked) coronary artery. (CABG)
thyroid cartilage function
contains the "Adam's apple" forms the wall of the voice box
Q The rectus capitis pos. minor runs mostly in what direction? Think of how the body is oriented, not your paper.
A horizontal
Decrease in lung compliance
may occur in certain disease condtions. -excess scar tissue - ex. tuberculosis -pulmonary adema - ex. heart disease -destruction of elastic fibers- ex. emphysema
What is a heartbeat?
single sequence of atrial contraction followed by ventricular contraction
A muscle in which some of its fibers when active can cause the mandible to retract?
Temporalis
diaphysis
The main shaft of a long bone. (Plural is diaphyses.)
What is the lymphatic system?
Specialized component of the circulatory system
EXAMPLES OF FLAT BONES INCLUDE
CRANIUM, STERNUM, RIBS, SCAPULA, PELVIC, PATELLA
transitional shape
shape that can change; flat when full, round when emtpy
medullary cavity
hollow are inside the diaphyses of the bone that contains yellow bone marrow
inadequate amt of functioing Hb in the blood such as severe anemia is called what
anemic hypoxia
Where does the biceps brachii insert?
on the radial tuberosity
infection
an act or fact of infecting; state of being infected.
Name the structures that go through the inguinal canal.
Contains spermatic cord(M)/round ligament of uterus(F) and ilioinguinal nerve (M+F)
White portion of the outside of the eyeball
Conjunctiva or sclera
the size of the thymus
relatively largest in comparison to body size @ about 2yrs of age; absolutely largest @ puberty, after which it gradually atrophies; almost disapears by advanced age
What is an ostium?
small opening; an entrance into hollow organ or canal
Blood Pressure
Push or force of blood in the blood vessels.
upper left and right sides of the body and covered by lower ribs
hypochondriac region
Dense regular connective tissue (structure and function)
- primarily parallel collagen fibers, some elastic fibers
- fibroblasts are common cell type
- form fascia
- attach muscle to bone, bone to bone
- withstand great stress in one direction
What ligament runs from the calcaneus to the navicular and is important in maintaining the longitudinal arch and transferring the weight from the talus?
plantar calcaneonavicular (spring ligament)
the structures that divide the pelvis into superior and inferior portions is called?
Brim of pelvis/ pelvic inlet
Organs in the LLQ
Some of the Colon and small intestine, left Ovary, left Ureter.
Exchange of O2 & CO2
Exchange of gases between alveolar air and pulmonary blood occurs by passive diffusion.
- Daltons Law
help keep joint cartilages nourished and lubricates the joint surfaces
what is importance of weeping lubrication?
extracellular matrix consists of
ground substance and fibers - may be fluid-like or firm
What muscles make up the anterior thorax?
subclavius, pectoralis major and minor
what is the function for the ASIS?
for attachment of ligaments and muscle
What is the 'blind spot'?
Area where the the optic nerve enters the eye; there are no rods or cones / no vision.
Proteins in the plasma of the blood are made up of what?
Albumins- 58%, Globulins- 38%, Fibrinogen- 4%
What 3 nerves exit through the greater foramen
sciatic, superior gluteal and pudendal
Where does the pectineus insert?
on the upper medial shaft of the femur
What type and where does the lateral cutaneous nerve of the calf arise from?
sensory nerve; dorsal divisions of L-5, S-1,2
Q this fluid filled space allows for movement ofthe phrynx during swallowing.
A retropharyngeal space, between the buccopharyngeal/prevertebral fascia.
the bucks fascia contains what nerves arteries and veins
deep dorsal VEIN, dorsal artery and nerve
Describe and give an example of Flat bones?
two parallel plates of compact bone with a minute amount of cancellous between two plates
ex. ribs and skull
Q What is the action of the platysma m.?
A mainly to depress the mandible
What might you find on examination of a patient with lateral epicondylitis?
the point of maximal tenderness is just distal (5-10 mm) to the lateral epicondyle in the area of the extensor carpi radialis brevis muscle, wrist extension or supination against resistance with the elbow extended should provoke the patient's symptoms.
Q There are three internal mm. of the pharynx, and two of them are innervated by the vagus n. Which is not, and what innervates it?***
A The stylopharyngeus m is innervated by the glossopharyngeal n.*** Remember that the stylopharyngeus m passes between the sup/mid constrictor mm. in the pharynx
Q In the R atrium, where is the orifice for the coronary sinus located?
A between the tricuspid valve, and the inf vena cava orifice
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