§upa - Jeopardy - 37 - Nationalism & Communism in Asia & Africa Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Chinese Communist Party
Political party founded by Mao and other revolutionaries
Mao Zedong
Leader of the Chinese Communists
Peasants
Class of people whom Mao sought as his party's base of support
Civil War
Chaotic condition of China from 1916 through the 1940s
Sun Yat-Sen
"Father of Modern China" was was (briefly) the first president of the Chinese republic
Jiang Jieshi
Nationalist leader in China after Sun Yixian's death
U.S.S.R.
Nation that sent advisors to help China
Western Democracies
Nations that ignored the Nationalists' requests for help
Long March
The 6,000 mile trip of the communists to northwest China
Socialists, Communists
Supporters of China's left wing, ejected from the Nationalist party
Middle Class
Class of people who supported the nationalists
Red Army
Nickname of Mao's fighting forces
Japan
Nation that invaded and took over eastern China in 1937
Northern China
New base of the Chinese Communists after their year-long trek
Nationalist Party
Political party that tried to establish a Chinese republic
Qing Dynasty
China's last dynasty, overthrown in 1912
May Fourth Movement
Reform movement sparked by student protests in 1919
Manchuria
China's industrial northern province, invaded by Japan in 1931
Lenin
Soviet leader whom Mao and his fellow communists admired
Nanjing
Capital city of both the Nationalists and the occupying Japan
Emperor
Japanese head of state who wielded no real power
Navy
Japanese head of state who wielded no real power
Military
Element of Japanese society that controlled the government by the 1930s
Raw Materials, Markets for its products
Need for these fueled Japan's desire to expand
Population
Growth of this fueled Japan's desire to expand.
China
Neighboring country that Japan invaded in the 1930s
Trade
Important source of Japanese wealth, disrupted by the Great Depression
Hirohito
Man who reigned on Japan's throne from 1926 to 1989
Democratic
Increased characteristic of Japanese government during the 1920s
Ultranationalists
Term for extreme nationalists
Manchuria
Northern Chinese province that Japan seized in 1931
War
Kellogg-Briand Pact--Japan pledged to renounce this "as an instrument of national policy."
China
Japan put pressure on this neighbor with the Twenty-One Demands in 1915
Powerful Business Leaders
Zaibatsu, people who strongly influenced politics in the 1920s
Diet
Name of the Japanese Parliament
Traditional Values
Values vigorously promoted by the military-dominated government
Manchukuo
Japan's name for its puppet state in Manchuria
League of Nations
Int'l body that Japan withdrew from in 1933 b/c of condemnation of Japanese aggression
Gandhi
Indian nationalist leader
Mahatma
Indians' name for Ghandhi, meaning "saintly one" or "Great Soul"
Great Britain
Imperialist country that ruled India as its colony
Nonviolence
The way to respond to British shootings and beatings, according to Gandhi
Caste System
Hindu social system that Gandhi opposed
World War I
Britain promised more self-government if Indians fought in this war.
Cloth
British-made item that Indians boycotted widely
Salt March
Peaceful protest led by Gandhi to defy the British laws about salt
Civil Disobedience
Deliberate and public refusal to obey an unjust law
Law
Gandhi's profession, which he practiced in South Africa
Muslim League
Non-Hindu Indian independence group
Nonviolent, Noncooperation
Gandhi's policy of peaceful resistance through refusing to cooperate with the government
Indian National Congress
India's leading political party
Punjab
Indian province where the Amritsa massacre took place in 1919
Local Self-Government, Limited Democratic Elections
Reforms allowed by the Government of India Act of 1935
Jinnah
Leader of the Muslim League beginning in the 1930s
Separate Independent State
New goal of the Muslim League under Jinnah
Racial Discrimination
Social injustice that Gandhi worked against in South Africa
Dhoti
Garment adopted by Gandhi in place of western clothing
Palestine
Middle Eastern land promised to both Jews and Arabs by Great Britain
Ataturk
Surname adopted by Turkish leader, meaning "Father of the Turks"
Iran
New name of Persia as of 1935
Apartheid
System of racial segregation and discrimination set up in South Africa
Arabs, Jews
Two rival peoples in Palestine
Mustafa Kemal
Revolutionary leader who was the first president of Turkey
Turks
People the Arabs fought in return for British support of an Arab state
Westernization
Policy of modernization followed in Turkey and Iran by Araturk and Reza Shah
Egypt
North African nation that gained independence in 1922 but was still controlled by Britain
Pan-Arabism
Nationalist movement built on the shared heritage of Arabs
Pan-Africanism
Movement that focused on the unity of all Africans
Saudi Arabia
New Islamic nation founded by Abd al-Aziz Ibn Saud
Mandates
Territories in the Middle East governed by European nations, set up at the end of WWI
Ottoman Empire
Empire that the Turkish Revolution ended
Iraq
Oil-rich kingdom that gained independence in 1930
Balfour Declaration
British statement that "viewed with favor" a Jewish "national home"
Reza Khan
Army officer who overthrew Iran's shah and set up his own Pahlavi dynasty
Negritude
West African movement that promoted pride in African roots
Marcus Garvey
Jamaican native who promoted the message "Africa for Africans"
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