Imperial China collapses & Nationalism in India and Southwest Asia Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Define Kuomintang
the china nationalist party
Who overthrew the Qing Dynasty in 1911?
Sun Yixian
What were Suns "Three Principles of People"?
nationalism, peoples rights, and peoples livelihood
Who was one of the founders of the Chinese Communist Party?
Mao Zedong
Who did Mao believe to become revolutionaries?
peasants
What was one reason for the May fourth Movement?
angry over the Versailles treaty.
Who did sun ally with?
the communists
Who took over when Sun died in 1925?
and what did he fear?
Jiang Jieshi took over and he feared a socialist party
After Jiang Jieshi took over, what party did the peasants follow?
the Chinese communist party
in 1927, what did Jieshi decide to do?
he decided to massacre communists and trade union leaders in shanghai
in 1930 what had Jieshi become?
he had become the president of the nationalist "republic of china"
what type of warfare did Mao train his soldiers?
guerrilla warfare
the weakening of what two empires after WW1 stirred nationalist activity in India, Turkey and other SW Asian countries?
the ottoman and British empires
what were the two groups fighting against foreign rule?
Hindu Indian National Congress and Muslim League
Indians expected the British to..?
(for enlisting in the British army in WW1)
they expected the British to fulfill their promise of reform leading to independence
what are the rowlett acts?
it allowed the government to jail protesters without trial for as two years. to Indians, denial of trial by jury violated their individual rights.
what was the Amritsar Massacre?
10,000 Hindus and Muslims flocked to Amritsar in 1919. They intended to pray, fast and listen to political speeches. (Alarmed the British)
What was Gandhi nicknamed and what does his nickname mean?
Gandhi was nicknamed Mahatma and it means "Great Soul"
What religions did Gandhi blend together?
he blended Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity
How did Gandhi define "civil disobedience" ?
deliberate and public refusal to obey and unjust law;nonviolence as the means to achieve independence
Gandhi called on Indians to refuse to...
buy British goods, attend government schools, pay British taxes, or vote in electors
What happened in 1930 that defied the British monopoly on salt?
Gandhi led the 240 mile Salt March, then the demonstrators allowed themselves to be beaten by the police
What did the Government of India act do?
it provided for local self government and limited democratic elections but not total independence
Mustafa Kemal
when the Greek soldiers invaded in 1919 and the sultan proved helpless, he led Turkish nationalists in defeating the Greeks. he then became the president of the new republic of Turkey
what were Kemals reforms?
a. separated laws of Islam from the laws of the nation
b. abolished religious courts and created a new legal system based on European Law
c. granted women the right to vote and to hold the public free
d. launched government- funded programs to industrialize Turkey and to spur economic growth
(these reforms gave Kemal the name "father of the turks")
Rezashal Panlavi
was a Persian ruler..wanted to modernize his country and he also wanted to...
1.establish public schools
2. build roads and railroads
3. promote industrial growth
4.extended womens rights
Abd al-Aziz Ibn Saud
in 1902, he began to unify Arabia. In 1932, he named the country Saudi Arabia after his family. Unlike Kemal and Reza Shah, he carried on many Arab and Islamic traditions.
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