Swedish Massage 1 swed Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Swedish Massage
a system of therapeutic, manual manipulations of the body's soft tissues (muscles, tendons, ligaments and fascia)
Compression
a stroke done with an open, relaxed hand, heel of the palm, loose fist, forearm or thumb to apply pressure by leaning one's weight on the client's body.
Effects of Compression
stretches connective tissue and muscle fibers, increases muscle tone, enhance venous and lymphatic flow
Jostling
a shaking stroke, done as a quick back and forth movement to a muscle group over or around a bony surface, or to an entire limb. (overloads proprioceptors)
Effects of Jostling
reduces muscle tone by increase in proprioceptive input
Effleurage
long horizontal strokes applied in one direction. In the extremities, must be executed toward the head in order to facilitate better venous return.
Effects of Effleurage
mobilizes venous blood and lymphatic fluid to core circulation, decreases edema
Petrissage
vertically directed strokes such as wringing, squeezing and lifting strokes that pull muscles from the bones and stir deeper circulation preparing the tissue for deeper work.
Friction
compressing tissues between the practitioner's hand, fingers or forearm and moving the tissue in a back and forth or circular direction without any gliding over the skin.
Effects of Friction
prevention and separation of adhesions, helps realign scar tissues, causes local hyperemia (pink skin)
Adhesions
a binding together of connective tissue what would normally be separate. (Knots)
Tapotement
percussive strokes performed by alternating taps on soft tissue with palms, fists, fingers or the ulnar borders of the hands.
Types of Tapotement
cupping/clapping - using the palms, hacking - using ulnar border of hand, pounding/beating - using loose fist, tapping - using the fingertips.
Effects of Tapotement
loosens chest congestion when done over the thorax, facilitates muscle contraction when done to the belly of the muscle, increases muscle tone,
Vibration
shaking or trembling of the practitioner's hands or fingers to transmit a vibration to the recipient.
Effects of Vibration
reduces pain by blocking nerve signals, stimulate peristalsis and causes movement of gases when done over the stomach and intestines, loosens mucus in the lungs when done over the thorax.
Contraindications
conditions where massage should be avoided for the safety of your client
Local Contraindications
where you would simply avoid the immediate area, but it's safe to massage rest of the body
Types of Local Contraindications
acute inflammation, bruises or cuts, burns, cysts, implanted hardware, keloid scars, skin lesions or lumps, site of herniated discs, unstable fractures, varicose veins
Systemic Contraindications
conditions where it would be best not to massage client at all
Types of Systemic Contraindications
client is overheated, fever, pain of unknown origin, pregnancy, any medical condition (acute trauma, cancer, osteoporosis, etc.)
Hyperemia
an increase in the amount of blood flow to an area. (pink skin)
Hypertonic
above normal resting level of tone
Hypotonic
below normal resting level of tone
Muscle Tone
the normal resting tension in the muscle
Passive Range of Motion (PROM)
the client is passive and allows the therapist to move the joint through it's range of motion.
Active Range of Motion (AROM)
the client actively moves the joint through its range of motion.
Proprioceptors
nerves which tell the body about muscle tension and joint location.
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