7th grade Poetry - Hentzell Flashcards

Terms Definitions
concrete
a poem shaped to look like its subject
lyric
a poem that expresses a personal thought or emotion
haiku
a 3-line poem usually on the subject of nature, with 5 syllables each in the first and third lines and seven syllables in the second line
limerick
a humorous five-line poem that follows a specific form
narrative poem
a poem that tells a story
ballad
an example of a narrative poem
poetry
imaginative writing in which language, images, sound, and rhythm combine to create a special emotional effect
prose
the kind of writing that is used in short stories, novels, works of nonfiction, journalism, and so forth, and is distinguished from poetry because it is written in lines from margin to margin in everyday speech
stanzas
a group of lines forming a unit in a poem
rhythm
the pattern of beats made by stressed and unstressed syllables in the lines of a poem
stated theme
a theme that the author expresses directly in the work
implied theme
a theme that is not stated directly in the work but is suggested by the work's other elements
rhyme
the repetition of the same or similar sounds in words that appear near each other in a poem
theme
the central idea of a literary work (to include poems), usually expressed as a generalization about life
end-stopped lines
in poetry, a line in which a pause occurs naturally at the end of the line
run-on lines
in poetry, a line in which the meaning continues beyond the line
repetition
the repeated use of sounds, words, phrases, or lines
imagery
language that appeals to the senses
concrete language
specific words that appeal to the five senses and are used to create images
alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds, most often at the beginning of words
metaphor
a figure of speech that compares 2 different things without using "like" or "as is"
simile
a figure of speech that directly compares 2 differnet things using the words "like" or "as"
onomatopoeia
the use of a word or phrase that imitates or suggests the sound of what it describes
hyperbole
obvious exaggeration used for effect
assonance
similarity in sound between internal vowels in neighboring words
irony
a difference between the way things seem to be and the way they actually are
personification
when an object takes on a human characteristic
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