Treaties, Acts, Wars AP Euro Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges
French Kings began to assume control over the church in their lands.
Expulsion of Jews and Moors
Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain, committed to religious uniformity, would set a malicious precedent in which lack of religious toleration would plague Europe for centuries.
Treaty of Tordesillas
Spain given most of "New World" except Brazil.
Diet of Worms
The already excommunicated Luther refused to recant before the imperial court of Charles V.
Marburg Colloquy
Zwingli and Luther split over interpretation of Eucharist.
Council of Trent
RCC reaffirms traditional medieval doctrines and rituals.
Schmalkaldic Wars
Peace of Augsburg ends the first of the religious wars, governing principle in cuius regio, eius regio, Calvinism banned too.
Act of Uniformity
Key part of the Elizabethan Settlement, Cranmer's book of Common Prayer was reinstated with some revisions to make it more acceptable to Catholics.
Petition of Right
English Monarchs couldn't collect taxes without Parliament consent; civilians could not be forced to quarter soldiers, military law couldn't be imposed during times of peace.
Test Act of 1673
English law that excluded Catholics from public office and led to the creation of the first political parties (Whigs and Tories)
Edict of Fontainbleu
Revocation of the Edict of Nantes.
English Bill of Rights
Made England a limited monarchy, reaffirmed many of the provisions of the Petition of Right and the Magna Carta.
War of the Spanish Succession
Caused over French Bourbon succession to the throne of Spain that jeopardized the European balance of power, Treaty of Utrecht led to England being the big winner, Spain and France never allowed to unite thier monarchies.
Toleration Patent of 1781
Passed by enlightened monarch Joseph II, gave equality to the RCC, Lutherans, Calvinists, and Greek Orthodox.
Seven Years' War
War fought on three continents by the great European powers, England emerged as the big winner. France lowt all of it's north american colonies according to the Treaty of Paris
Treaty of Paris
France lost all of it's north American colonies after the Seven Years' War.
Treaty of Utrecht
England the winner of the War of Spanish Succession, Spain and France never allowed to unite their monarchies.
Declaration of the Rights of Man
Written as a prelude to the constitution and modeled on the American Declaration of Independence and core ideas of the French Revolution.
Concordat of 1801
Napoleon made peace with RCC, a very popular move as the French Revolution had not been as successful due to RCC opposition.
First French Empire
Napoleon's conquest of Europe would inspire liberalism and nationalism.
Congress of Vienna
What to do with post-napoleonic Europe, dominated by the conservative Metternich who was guided by the principles of legitimacy and intervention. (Status Quo)
Carlsbad Decrees
Series of laws passed in the Germanic Confederation to crush the Burschenschaften movement, or student societies that clamored for a liberal and unified Germany.
Greek Revolt
Greece declared an independent kingdom.
Treaty of Adrianople
The treaty in which Greece declared an independent kingdom.
Frankfurt Assembly
Germanic confederation that had created a pan german parliament with purpose of German unification, inspired by German liberals, a complete failure, unification would now pass to the Prussian Military monarchy
Crimean War
The "Eastern Question" Great Britain and France declare war on Russia afraid of Russian gains, Austrian "ingratitude", Russians lose and have to accept the neutrality of the Black Sea.
Ausgleich of 1867
Creates Dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary
Congress of Berlin
Part of the plot in the Bismarckian system of alliances, dominated by Bismarck and Germany, A new system of alliances emerged after this congress leading to the Triple alliance and the triple entente.
Dreyfus Affair
French writer Emile Zola exonerates Alfred Drefus with his "J'Accuse"
Russo Japanese War
Humiliating loss for a great European power. Led to Bloody Sunday. Russia capitulated by creating a legislative body, the Duma.
Treaty of Maastricht
Created the European Union, a more formal economic, political, and social alliance. it created the Euro, the common currency of nearly all EU member nations. A first step toward what Winston Churchill called the United States of Europe.
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