HTC 2: CLASSICAL11W_23SAID228 Flashcards

Beaux-Arts architecture
Terms Definitions
Altes Museum:
Karl Friedrich Schinkel,
Berlin, 1822-30
Bank of England
London
Sir John Soane
1788-1833
Banqueting House
Influenced by Palladio, designed by Inigo Jones. English neoclassical.
Alternating pedimented windows.
Barrieres de Paris
1784-1789
Claude-Nicholas Ledoux
Basilica of the Assumption
Old Baltimore Cathedral
Baltimore
Benjamin Henry Latrobe
Bauacademie
Berlin
Karl Friedrich Schinkel
1831-1836
Bibliothèque Nationale
Paris
Henri Labrouste
1854-1875
Bibliothèque Ste. Geneviève
Paris
Henri Labrouste
1838-1850
Blenheim Palace
Oxfordshire
John Vanbrugh
1705-1725
Boston Public Library
Boston
McKim, Mead & White
1888-1892
Brandenburg Gate
Berlin
Karl Gottfried Langhans
1788-1791
The Breakers
Newport, Rhode Island
Richard Morris Hunt
1892-1895
Cenotaph to Newton
Cenotaph - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Étienne-Louis Boullée, Cénotaphe a Newton (1784
Castle Howard
Yorkshire
Nicholas Hawksmoor & John Vanbrugh
1699-1710
Baroque
Château Anet
Philibert de l'Orme
1547
Château de Blois
Loire Valley
1515-1524
Château Anet Chapel
Chateau de Chambord
Loire Valley
Domenico da Cortona
1519-1547
Chateau de Chenonceau
Loire Valley
Philibert de l'Orme
1515
Chateau Fontainebleau
Gilles-de-Breton and Others
Fontainebleau, France
1528-1560
Château Maisons-Lafitte
Seine-et-Oise
François Mansart
1645
Versailles
Louis Le Vau, Charles Le Brun, and Andre Le Notre
1668-c. 1680
Jules Hardouin-Mansart from 1675
Chiswick House
Based on Pantheon
Middlesex
Richard Boyle, Lord Burlington
1725
Church of the Visitation
Paris
François Mansart
1632
Drayton Hall—1750s
Dôme des Invalides
Mansart - Baroque
1670
Garnier Opéra
Paris
Charles Garnier
1861-1872
Elaborate staircase
Glyptothek
Hammond-Harwood House
Annapolis, Maryland
William Buckland
1774-1774
Hardwick Hall
Darbyshire
Robert Smythson
1590-1597
Hampton Court Palace
Middlesex
1520s-1540s
Holkham Hall
Norfolk
William Kent
1735
Jefferson Memorial
Washington, DC
John Russell Pope
1939-1942
Massachusetts Statehouse
Boston, Massachusetts
Charles Bulfinch
1795-1798
McMillan Plan
McPhedris-Warner House
Monticello
Charlottesville, Virginia
Thomas Jefferson
1789-1808
Mount Airy Plantation
Richmond County, Virginia
John Tayloe, Proprietor
c. 1758-1768
Mount Vernon
Fairfax Co., Virginia
George Washington
c.1750-1778
Nathaniel Russell House
Charleston, South Carolina
1808
National Gallery of Art
Washington, DC
John Russell Pope
1936-1940
Neue Wache
Berlin
Karl Friedrich Schinkel
1816-1818
Osterley Park House
Middlesex
Robert Adam
1761
Palais du Luxembourg
Solomon de Brosse
Paris, France
1615 ff.
Palais du Louvre
Paris
Pierre Lescot
1546 ff.
Pasadena City Hall
City Beautiful
Pasadena, California
Bakewell & Brown
1923-1927
Petit Trianon
Later french baroque
Versailles
Ange-Jacques Gabriel
1762-1768
Place de la Concorde
Paris
Ange-Jacques Gabriel
1755-1775
Place des Vosges
Paris
1605-1612
Plan for Chicago
Daniel Burnham &
Edward H. Bennett
1909
Redwood Library
Newport, Rhode Island
Peter Harrison
1751
St. Martin's-in-the-Field
London
James Gibbs
1722-1726
St. Paul's Cathedral
OUTSIDE
London
Christopher Wren
1675-1710
St. Paul's Cathedral
INSIDE
London
Christopher Wren
1675-1710
St. Paul's Covent Garden
London
Inigo Jones
1633
St. Stephen Walbrook
London
Christopher Wren
1672-1679
Ste. Geneviève
(The Pantheon)
Paris
J. G. Soufflot
1755-1792
Saltworks of Chaux
Arc et Senans, France
Claude-Nicholas Ledoux
1775-1779
San Francisco City Hall
City Beautiful
Bakewell & Brown
1912-1916
Schauspielhaus
Berlin
Karl Friedrich Schinkel
1819-1924
Schloss Charlottenhof
Potsdam
Karl Friedrich Schinkel
1831-1835
Sheldonian Theatre
Oxford
Christopher Wren
1664
Sir John Soane's Museum
London
John Soane
1792-1815
Gardens at Stowe
Buckinghamshire
William Kent
1753
Syon House
Middlesex
Robert Adam
1762
Touro Synagogue
Newport, Rhode Island
Peter Harrison
1759-1763
Union Station
Washington, DC
Daniel Burnham & Co.
1910-1912
United States Capitol
Washington, DC
William Thornton and Others
1792-1795
University of Virginia
Charlottesville
Thomas Jefferson
1817-1826
Vaux-le-Vicomte
Louis Le Vau, Charles Le Brun,
et Andre Le Notre
1657-1661
Vaux Vicomte Interior
Virginia State Capitol
Richmond
Thomas Jefferson
1784-1788
Wollaton Hall
Hammerbeam ceiling
Nottinghamshire
Robert Smythson
1580-1588
Williamsburg, Virginia
c. 1710-1745
President's House
(The White House)
Washington, DC
James Hoban
1792-1802
World's Columbian Exposition
Chicago
Daniel Burnham, Planner
1893
A style of architecture that emerged in the later 18th century. Part of a general revival of interest in classical cultures, Neoclassicism was characterized by the utilization of themes and styles from ancient Greece and Rome.
Neoclassicism
Term for expressiveness sought by French revolutionary architects, notably Ledoux and Boulee, with a 'narrative' architecture whose purpose and character would be made evident not by symbols but by structure and form.
Architecture Parlante
Associationalism, economic policy of fostering working relationships between industry and the federal government through trade associations; anti-laissez faire.
Associationalism
Central block of a French palace, containing the main public rooms
Corps-de-Logis
Refers to a number of influential art schools in France, trained many of the great European artists; Beaux Arts style was modeled on classical "antiquities", preserving these idealized forms and passing the style on to future generations.
Ecole des Beaux-Arts
The arrangement of elements in an architectural plan.
Ordonnance
An architectural style influenced by Italian Andrea Palladio's architecture, and his "Four books of architecture", an architectural canon.
Jefferson saw this architecture in Paris and utilized it in Monticello.
Palladianism
An often temporary, free-standing structure whose architecture makes it an object of pleasure. Large or small, there is usually a connection with relaxation and pleasure in its intended use.
Pavilion
An concept and style of the late 18th and early 19th centuries characterized by a preoccupation with the pictorial values of architecture and landscape in combination with each other.
Picturesque
An early 20th century artistic movement which was attracted to the directedness, instictivness and exoticism of the nonurban cultures.
Neoclassicism was a result of this philosophy.
Primitivism
Philosophy arguing that architecture's intellectual base is primarily in science as opposed to reverence for and emulation of archaic traditions and beliefs. Rational architects emphasized geometric forms and ideal proportions.
rationalism
Philosophy interested in both the picturesque aspects of nature and objects in nature and rational procedures.
Romanticism
First book written by James Gibbs, a prominent English architect, which became a pattern book of architecture.
A Book of Architecture
Essay by Marc-Antoine Laugier explaining the 'faults' of decorative Renaissance architecture, such as pilasters and incorrect pediments, and the use of pedestals.
Cover was 'primitive hut'.
Essai sur l'Architecture
Colen Campbell's catalog of design, which explained the excesses of the Baroque and gave rise to the Georgian style.
Vitruvius Britannicus
Christopher Wren
An English Baroque architect famous for his Saint Paul's Cathedral in London, England. He took French and Italian Baroque architecture and combined it with the Renaissance and Gothic styles to create the staple English Baroque style of the 17th century.
John Wood the Elder
A British architect from Bath who built the Circus in the Palladian style.
Louis Le Vau
French architect responsible, collaboratively, for the Vaux-le-Vicomte, Palace of Versailles, Palais du Louvre.
Jacques Germain Soufflot
A French architect in the international circle that introduced Neoclassicism. His most famous work is the Panthéon, Paris.
Robert Smythson
Robert Smythson was an English architect, who designed Hardwick Hall and Wollaton Hall.
Sir John Soane
British architect who worked on the Bank of England, who's clean architecture was a response to the overly detailed revival styles of the Georgian era.
Karl Friedrich Schinkel
Schinkel was one of the most prominent architects of Germany and designed both neoclassical and neogothic buildings.
Bauakademie, Schauspielhaus, Neue Wache, Altes Museum
John Russell Pope
American architect responsible for the Jefferson Memorial National Gallery of Art.
Giovanni Battista Piranesi
Italian artist famous for his etchings of Rome.
Claude Perrault
The architect of the eastern range of the Louvre Palace.
Andre Le Notre
A French landscape architect and King Louis XIV's head gardener. Most notably, he was responsible for the design and construction of the park and gardens surrounding the Palace of Versailles. His work represents the height of the French formal garden style.
McKim, Mead & White
prominent architectural firm in the eastern United States at the turn of the twentieth century. Known for its Beaux-Arts architecture at the turn of the 20th century
Claude-Nicholas Ledoux
One of the earliest exponents of French Neoclassical architecture. Had a visionary plan for the Ideal City of Chaux.
Marc-Antoine Laugier
Jesuit priest who criticized misuse of classical ideals in his Essai sur l'Architecture.
Benjamin Henry Latrobe
American architect who designed the United States Capitol, called the father of American Architecture.
Henri Labrouste
French architect from the École des Beaux Arts school of architecture.
François Mansart
A French architect credited with introducing classicism into Baroque architecture of France. Extensively used double sided sloped roof called "mansard roof"
Philibert de l'Orme
A French renaissance architect who supervised Fontainebleau, and designed Château d'Anet.
William Kent
One of the originators of the English landscape garden, a style of 'natural' gardening that revolutionised the laying out of gardens and estates. His projects included Chiswick House, Stowe.
Inigo Jones
The first significant British architect of the modern period, and the first to bring Italianate Renaissance architecture to Britain.
Thomas Jefferson
American President and architect who designed Monticello.
Richard Morris Hunt
First American to attend the Beaux-arts school, who began the city beautiful movement, and, designed the Metropolitan Museum.
Peter Harrison
American gentleman architect who designed the Redwood library, and the Touro Synagogue. Palladian style.
James Gibbs
Author of A Book of Architecture, and a Palladian/Jonesian architect.
Ange-Jacques Gabriel
Rationalist French architect who worked on the Petit Trianon, and helped moved architecture from the Rococo to the Neoclassical.
Charles Garnier
Architect of the Paris Opera.
Daniel Burnham
An architect who created an overall plan for Chicago that included a lakefront of curving banks of grass and sandy beaches, designed the Flatiron Buildings (285 foot slender tower in 1902), serve as symbols of a rich and optimistic society. Transformed Chicago
Lord Burlington
Was instrumental in the revival of Palladian architecture.
Charles Le Brun
French painter
Solomon de Brosse
Designed Luxembourg palace, was the primary influence of Mansart.
Arthur Brown Jr.
Architect of the San Fransisco city hall. Beaux-arts architect.
Etienne-Louis Boullee
Rationalist neo-classical architect who worked with geometric forms.
Robert Adam
Scottish Architect who created the Adamesque style, a comination of Roman and Greek classical architecture and the Rococo style.
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