Africa's Government and Religion Chpt. 13 Sec. 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
West Africa's empires had centralized governments ruled by who?
kings
What were some of the jobs kings did for the empires they ruled?
settled arguments, managed trade, and protected the empire
Who paid taxes to the king?
merchants
What did merchants receive once they paid taxes to the king?
favor from the king
Local rulers had some power and were loyal to whom?
the kings
This centralized government allowed?
kingdoms to grow and prosper and kept the peace
Kings of the Ghana empire relied on help from?
council of ministers, a group who advised the king
The empire was divided into what?
provinces
These provinces in the Ghana empire were ruled by whom?
lesser kings or conquered leaders
Below these lesser kings of provinces district chiefs oversaw?
smaller districts
These smaller districts in the Ghana empire were run by?
a chief's clan
What is a clan?
a group of people descended from the same ancestor
The throne of Ghana passed on to whom?
the son of the king's sister, the king's nephew
What were some of the differences between the Ghana government and the Mali government?
Mali government larger, more responsibility to royal officials, and the generals governed the provinces instead of the local lesser kings
Why did the people accept this?
the general protected them and were usually from the province so people knew the generals
Mali's other great king, Mansa Musa rewarded citizens with what?
gold, land, and horses to keep them loyal
What was the "National Honor of the Trousers"?
is when the king honored military heroes with wide trousers to wear. The greater the hero the wider of his trousers
The Songhai empire built on the traditions of Ghana and Mali. Who died before he could set up his government?
Sunni Ali
Who seized control of the Songhai empire after Sunni Ali died?
A muslim named Muhammad Ture
What religion was Muhammd Ture who took control of the Songhai empire when Sunni Ali the founder died?
a muslim
Did Muhammad Ture's, new leader of Songhai empire, muslim religion affect the Songhai government?
yes
Many African groups believed in?
one supreme god
What purpose did religion provide the African people?
rules for living and helped people stay in touch with their history
Why did many Africans honor their ancestors?
They believed that their relatives' spirits stayed with their community
Which Mali king rewarded his citizens for being loyal?
Mansa Musa
Mansa Musa , ruler of Mali allowed various religions but tried to make which religion stronger?
Islam stronger
How did Mansa Musa make Islam stronger in the Mali empire?
by building more mosques
All Muslims are supposed to make a pilgrimage to what city?
the holy city of Makka, or also called Mecca
What religion did Mansa Musa practice?
Islam religion
How did Mansa Musa make Mali known throughout the world?
When he made his pilgrimage to Makka he made sure everyone knew he was a leader of a great empire, Mali in West Africa
What Mali king helped spread Islam throughout West Africa?
Mansa Musa
After the Mali empire was taken over by the Sunni Ali, the Songhai empire emerged and practiced what religion?
Islam religion
Was Sunni Ali of the Songhai empire a Muslim?
yes
Who is Askia Muhammad?
declared king of the Songhai people after Sunni Ali died
Who built the largest empire in medieval West Africa?
Askia Muhammad
Who is the Songhai leader who built the largest empire in medieval West Africa?
Askia Muhammad
Was Askia Muhammad a Muslim?
yes
What did Askia Muhammad make the city of Timbuktu into?
an Islamic education and cultural center
What city was the center of education and culture for Islam in West Africa?
Timbuktu
Who set 150 schools to teach the Quran in Timbuktu?
Askia Muhammad
How did Askia Muhammad make Timbuktu the center of Islamic culture and education?
He set up 150 schools to teach the Quran
What is a sultan?
and East African leader
What is Swahili?
an East African language
The word "Swahili" is an Arabic word meaning what?
"people of the coast"
What is the name of the term for the culture and language of East Africa's coast?
Swahili
Swahili it the term for what?
the culture and language of East Africa's coast
A group of people descended from the same ancestor is called a?
clan
Who is Ibn Battuta?
a Moroccan lawyer who traveled through the lands of Islam for almost 30 years
What is the name of the Moroccan lawyer who traveled through the lands of Islam for almost 30 years?
Ibn Battuta
Swahili is a culture that is a combination of what two influences?
African and Muslim influences
A culture that is a combination of African and Muslim influences is called?
Swahili
Who tried to destroy the Swahili culture?
the Europeans
Did the Europeans succeed in trying to destroy the Swahili culture?
No
What religion became the dominant religion of the kingdoms of West and East Africa?
Islam religion
True or False, does the Swahili culture and language exist in Africa today?
True
What were the religious beliefs of medieval Africans?
Islam religion
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