Chapter 7 Vocabulary Flashcards

Voting system
Terms Definitions
Caucus
An alternative to state primary in which party followers meet, often for many hours, to select party candidates. Congressional campaign committees: Senate committees in Congress for each political party to help members who are running for reelection or would-be members running for an open seat or challenging a candidate from the opposition partyo
Congressional Campaign Committee
a party committee in Congress that provides funds to members who are running for reelection or to would-be members running for an open seat or challenging a candidate from the opposing party
Democratic-Republicans
political party which favored states rights and weaker national government. Created by Jefferson.
Factional Parties
Parties are created by a split in a particular party, usually over the identity and philosophy of the major party's presidential candidate, "Bull Moose" Progressive Party.
Factions
opposing groups within a political party.
Federalists
Supporters of the Constitution that were led by Alexander Hamilton and John Adams. They firmly believed the national government should be strong. They didn't want the Bill of Rights because they felt citizens' rights were already well protected by the Constitution.
Ideological Parties
A political party organization that values principle above all else and spurns money incentives for members to participate.
Initiative
allowed all citizens to introduce a bill into the legislative and required members to take a vote on it
Machine
a group that controls the activities of a political party
Mugwumps
One of two major factions largely within the Republican Party who opposed the heavy emphasis on patronage and disliked the party machinery because it only permitted bland candidates to rise to the top, was fearful of immigrants, and wanted to see the party take unpopular stances on certain issues. 1896-1930s.
National (Party) Chair
the head of a political party organization, appointed by the national committee of that party, usually at the direction of that parties presidential nominee
National Committee
Delegates from each state and territory who manage party affairs between national conventions. These exist at a national level for both major political parties.
National Convention
the meeting of party delegates every four years to choose a presidential ticket and write the party's platform.
Nonpartisan Election
A local or judicial election in which candidates are not selected or endorsed by political parties and party affiliation is not listed on ballots.
Organizational Party
the workers and activists who make up the party's formal organization structure
Plurality System
an electoral system in which the winner is the person who gets the most votes, even if he or she does not receive a majority; used in almost all American elections
Political Machine
An unofficial city organization designed to keep a particular party or group in power and usually headed by a single, powerful boss
Political Party
a group of individuals with broad common interests who organize to nominate candidates for office, win elections, conduct government, and determine public policy
Proportional Representation
An election system in which each party running receives the proportion of legislative seats corresponding to its proportion of the vote.
Referendum
The name given to the political process in which the general public votes on an issue of public concern.
Second-Party System
= Political competition between the Whigs and Democrats. Whigs= activist government, optimistic, evangelical; Democrats= limited central government, Jeffersonian principles; more foreign/other religions.
Solidary Groups
Parties organized around sociability, rather than tangible rewards or ideology.
Solidary Incentives
the social rewards (sense of pleasure, status, or companionship) that lead people to join political organizations
Sponsored Parties
a local or state political party that is largely supported by another organization in the community
Stalwarts
A faction of the Republican party in the ends of the 1800s Supported the political machine and patronage. Conservatives who hated civil service reform.
Superdelegates
National party leaders who automatically get a delegate slot at the Democratic national party convention.
Two-Party System
An electoral system with two dominant parties that compete in national elections.
Winner-Take-All
Do we really need a definition for this, guys? LOL
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