WHAP: 1914 to Modern Day Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Year of Africa
Refers to the winning of independence in 1960 of the 13 former European-African colonies
Yasser Arafat
Founder of Palestinian Liberation Organization
Gamal Abdel Nasser
Leader of the Arab world in the 1950s and 1960s
Islamism
Desire for the reassertion of Islamic values in Muslim politics
Jomo Kenyatta
Nationalist leader in Kenya
Frantz Fanon
Wrote "The Wretched of the Earth," a book that urged the use of violence against colonial oppressors
Mobuto Sese Seko
Dictatorial leader of Zaire
Nelson Mandela
Leader of the African National Congress
Nehru
Indian nationalist leader; part of the nonaligned movement
Ho Chi Minh
Leader of communist North Vietnam
Great Leap Forward
Movement in China to reform; backed by Mao Zedong
Sharpeville Massacre
1960; 69 Africans killed in South Africa
Juan Peron
Nationalist Militarist popular with poor who ruled in Argentina
Mohandas Gandhi
Peaceful Indian leader who promoted nonviolence as a way to achieve India's independence; killed by a Hindu extremist
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini
Iranian leader who overthrew Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi in 1979
Great Calcutta Killing
1946; 6000 people killed in conflict between Hindus and Muslims
Bandung Conference
Pushed forward the nonalignment movement; leaders included newly independent African and Asian countries (eg: India and Indonesia)
Balfour Declaration of 1917
British government commits itself to supporting a Jewish homeland in Pakistan
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Called for the creation of Pakistan - a place for Muslims
Deng Xiaoping
Opened China to foreign, capitalist values
Anwar Sadat
Egyptian leader who masterminded the surprise Yom Kippur attack on Israel and facilitated the peace process with the Israelis
Indira Gandhi
Indian leader who attempted to control the massive population growth in India by ordering involuntary sterilization
The American Declaration of Independence
The Vietnamese Declaration of Independence was modeled on --
The Communist Manifesto of Marx;
The Japanese constitution;
The work of Lenin;
The American Declaration of Independence;
The Soviet constitution;
Mexico
What country has the Institutional Revolutionary Party ruled for much of the twentieth century? --
Argentina;
India;
Mexico;
China;
The Soviet Union;
South Africa
In 1948, the system of apartheid was put into place by the Afrikaner National Party in --
South Africa;
Mozambique;
Algeria;
Zaire;
Ethiopia;
Province of Kashmir
War broke out between India and Pakistan in 1947 over --
The province of Kashmir;
Pakistan's new alliance with the Soviet Union;
Who would control the Ganges River;
Indian nuclear testing;
The fate of Bangladesh;
Left Gamal Abdel Nasser as the leading figure in the Arab world
The Suez Canal crisis of 1956 --
Left Gamal Abdel Nasser as the leading figure in the Arab world;
Economically devastated India;
Destroyed Gamal Abdel Nasser's reputation;
Resulted in U.S. control over the Canal;
Almost led to nuclear war between the Soviets and Americans;
Africa
The situation wherein national boundaries were artificial conveniences that did not correspond to economic or ethnic divisions was most common in --
Eastern Europe;
Latin America;
Africa;
Southeast Asia;
North America;
Iraq
From 1980 through 1988, Iran was involved in a bloody war with --
Israel;
Iraq;
Afghanistan;
The Soviet Union;
Pakistan;
Yitzhak Rabin
Peace treaties that advanced the notion of limited Palestinian self-rule were signed in 1993 and 1995 by Yasser Arafat and --
Ariel Sharon;
Gamel Abdel Nasser;
Yitzhak Rabin;
Anwar Sadat;
Mohammed Reza Pahlavi;
Was ruled by military dictators who caused the "disappearance" of thousands
Argentina, in the late 1970s and early 1980s, --
Experimented briefly with a communist system;
Became a puppet state of the United States;
Was invaded and briefly ruled by a Chilean puppet dictator;
Moved steadily toward a multiparty political system;
Was ruled by military dictators who caused the "disappearance" of thousands;
Great Britain
The European country that served as the mandate power in Palestine after World War I was --
France;
Russia;
Italy;
Great Britain;
Germany;
France
After a long and bloody conflict, the Algerians gained their independence in 1962 from --
France;
Great Britain;
Russia;
Portugal;
Germany;
Be divided into Jewish and Arabic halves
In 1947, the United Nations proposed that Palestine should --
Be divided into Jewish and Arabic halves;
Be an Arab state;
Be a Jewish state;
Be returned to Ottoman control;
Remain under the auspices of the UN until an acceptable peace could be reached-
Nicaragua
The U.S.-backed Somoza family ruled what country for more than forty years?
Nicaragua
Cuba
Brazil
Argentina
San Salvador
World War I
Global recognition and acceptance of the concept of human rights grew after --
World War II;
The Korean War;
The Vietnam War;
World War I;
The Cold War;
Is often seen as a threat to local or indigenous cultures
The spread of U.S. mass culture --
Is viewed as the first positive step in the creation of a truly global American empire;
Is welcomed around the world;
Is often seen as a threat to local or indigenous cultures;
Is always feared at all times;
Provides a standard of quality that did not exist before;
Africa
Eighty percent of the children with HIV/AIDS live in --
East Asia;
North America;
Africa;
South America;
Europe;
The attacks on the US World Trade Center and the Pentagon
The United States' "war on terror" began in the wake of which of the following events? --
The 2003 invasion of Iraq to oust Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein;
An attack on a U.S. warship in Yemen;
The Islamic revolution in Iran;
The First Gulf War;
The attacks on the U.S. World Trade Center and Pentagon;
6.5 billion
In 2005, the population of the earth stood at --
4.3 billion;
6.5 billion;
2 billion;
8 billion;
3.5 billion;
World Trade Organization
Developed into a forum for settling international trade disputes
Americanization
Refers to the homogenizing of global culture
Dowry Deaths
A major problem facing women in India where enough dowry is not given to the husband's family, resulting in her staged murder
Global warming from the emission of greenhouse gasses
The 1997 agreement at Kyoto was aimed at controlling which of the following threats to the world's environment? --
The extinction of large numbers of plants and animals;
The destruction of the rainforests of Africa;
Overpopulation;
The threat of nuclear war in central Asia;
Global warming from the emission of greenhouse gasses;
Chinese Population Policy
Limits couples to one child
Carries the threat for mass media to act as a vehicle for cultural imperialism
The new age of global interconnectedness --
Carries the threat for mass media to act as a vehicle for cultural imperialism;
Provides the last, best chance for universal literacy;
Has the potential to ensure complete equality among nations;
Ensures the continued victory of capitalism over communism;
Eliminates the distinction between "connected" and "unconnected.";
OPEC
An oil-producing cartel composed of nations in the Middle East
Age of Access
Refers to modern age due to the rise of communication technology that is available
Communist Countries
The only countries that transformed their legal systems to ensure basic equality for women were --
North American countries;
Islamic countries;
Western European countries;
Latin American countries;
Communist countries;
The European Union
Most famous and most strongly integrated regional bloc; composed of 13 European nations who share the Euro as a common currency
Bloc
Regional integrated economy
Red Cross
The earliest nongovernmental organization was the --
European Union;
Red Cross;
International Monetary Fund;
Greenpeace;
United Nations;
Thailand
Which of the following was not one of the "little tigers"? --
Hong Kong;
Taiwan;
Singapore;
Thailand;
South Korea;
Was never ratified
The Equal Rights Amendment in the United States --
was never ratified;
Ensured government support for reproductive rights;
Was such a success that it was copied around the world;
Dramatically increased the pay of women;
Ensured equal pay for women;
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi
Myanmar leader who won a Nobel Peace Prize for holding gateside meetings and winning a free election in 1991
South and Southeast Asia
The areas of the world where child labor is most prominent are --
South and southeast Asia;
Southeast Asia;
Africa;
South Asia;
The Middle East;
John Maynard Keynes
Urged the government to expand money supply and undertake public works to provide jobs during the US Great Depression
Instituting a communist system of government
All of the following constitute steps taken by Benito Mussolini to consolidate power except --
The elimination of all other political parties;
Exiling, imprisoning, or killing Italians who spoke out openly against his regime;
Instituting a communist system of governmen;
Decreasing freedom of the pres;
Outlawing freedom of speech;
Five-Year Plan
Was designed to transform the Soviet Union from an agricultural nation to industrial
Benito Mussolini
Began the fascist movement in Italy
To pressure them to emigrate
The official goal of the Nazi regime toward Jews in the period before World War II was --
To turn them into slaves to work in Germany's armament factories;
One of killing all Jews that could be arrested in order to eliminate the Jews from Germany and eventually the world;
To force all educated German Jews to stay in Germany and expel the rest of the Jewish population;
Toleration;
To pressure them to emigrate;
Sigmund Freud
Father of psychoanalysis
Overproduction and falling prices
A troubling economic problem in the 1920s was the depressed state of agriculture caused by --
The success of several new communist regimes;
The collapse of the cotton market in the southern United States;
Overproduction and falling prices;
Dangerous underproduction;
Virulent new strains of disease;
New Economic Policy of 1921
Lenin's policy to temporarily restore the market economy in Russia
Man of Steel
Stalin
Was roundly attacked
In the years after World War I, the idea of progress
Gave a sense of hope in the midst of terrible human suffering;
Was roundly attacked;
Was bolstered by the growing popularity of Confucian thought;
Remained the foundation of Asian thought;
Became even more popular among liberal Christian thinkers;
Practiced economic nationalism
During the Great Depression, most nations --
Expanded the money supply and undertook public works to provide jobs;
Cooperated globally to fight the problem on a scale never seen before;
Pushed for an expansion of trade;
Dramatically reduced tariffs in an effort to facilitate international trade;
Practiced economic nationalism;
Nuremburg Laws
1935; deprived German Jews of their citizenship and rights
Generally accepted standards that distinguished between "good" and "bad" art disappeared
One of the biggest results of the artistic experimentation of the 1920s and 1930s was that --
Artists learned to adhere to accepted public definitions of reality;
A set of criteria was established that allowed art students to distinguish between "good" and "bad" art;
Generally accepted standards that distinguished between "good" and "bad" art disappeared;
Photography was no longer considered a legitimate art form;
Impressionism was recognized as the single best art form;
Reds, being the communists of Lenin's regime; and Whites, comprising a collection of anti-communist groups
The Russian Civil War that broke out after the revolution was between --
Utopian socialists and Trotskyites;
Eastern and western factions;
Nicholas II's Imperial Army and Lenin's Revolutionary Army;
Reds, being the communists of Lenin's regime; and Whites, comprising a collection of anti-communist groups;
Leninists and Stalinists;
Cubism
Created by Pablo Picasso
Impressionists
Which of the following groups was not one of the new artistic movements of the twentieth century? --
Expressionist;
Cubists;
Surrealists;
Impressionists;
Dadaists;
Kristallnacht
Nazi-arranged attack on thousands of Jewish stores
War Communism
Was an unplanned course of nationalization
Black Thursday
October 24 1929; US stock market crashes
Perestroika
Mikhail Gorbachev's policy that refers to decentralizing the economy
Domino Theory
If one country falls to communism, surrounding nations will too; believed by Eisenhower
Czechoslovakia
The "velvet revolution" brought change to --
Czechoslovakia
East Germany
Bulgaria
Poland
Romania
The Taliban
The government of Muhammad Najibullah, who had been put in place in Afghanistan back in 1986, was finally overthrown in 1996 by --
The United State;
Pakistan;
The Soviet Union;
Iran;
The Taliban;
Solidarity
A combined trade union and nationalist movement in Poland
Bay of Pigs Invasion
Invasion into Cuba where the US lost prestige in Latin America by failing to send support to the anti-communist rebels trying to overthrow Castro
Mikhail Gorbachev
Russian leader who brought massive reform to the Soviet Union in 1985
Betty Friedan
Wrote the Feminine Mystique
Yugoslavia
What country did the Soviet Union expel from the Soviet bloc in 1948 because of its insistence on following an independent course in foreign affairs? --
East Germany;
Hungary;
Yugoslavia;
Czechoslovakia;
Romania;
Detente
Policy meaning a reduction in hostility between nations
Warsaw Treaty Organization
Was formed in response to NATO by communist nations
Nicolae Ceausescu
Brutal Romanian dictator who was overthrown and killed in 1989
De-stalinization
1956; movement to get rid of Stalin-related material in Russia; started by Nikita Krushchev
Glasnot
Term used by Gorbachev when he discussed the opening of the Soviet society to public criticism and admission of past mistakes
Paris Peace Accords of 1973
Ended the US phase of the Vietnam War
Promised "socialism with a human face."
Alexander Dubček's Prague Spring --
Was a controversial musical piece that expressed the freedom in eastern Europe in the late 1960s;
Promised "socialism with a human face.";
Was a pejorative term for his ruthless crackdown on anticommunists;
Inspired Czechoslovakia to switch to communism;
Was a literary account of his years in a Soviet labor camp;
Boris Yeltsin
Who finally dismantled the Soviet Communist party and pushed the country toward free market reforms? --
Mikhail Gorbachev;
Boris Yeltsin;
Erich Honecker;
Vladimir Putin;
Nikita Khrushchev;
Kim Il Sung
President of North Korea
Brezhnev Doctrine
Doctrine that reserved the right of the Soviet Union to invade any socialist country that was deemed to be threatened by forces hostile to socialism
Mao Zedong
Leader of the Chinese communist movement
Maoism
Political idealogy of communism where peasants bring the revolution
May Fourth Movement
Movement that stimulated the Chinese against foreign interference
Lazaro Cardenas
Mexican president nationalized his country's oil industry, thus posing a challenge to the United States policy of non-intervention in Latin American affairs
Manchukuo
Japanese puppet state in former Manchuria
Pan-Africanism
Idea where all people of African descent unite globally; led by Marcus Garvey
Good Neighbor Policy
Humanitarian policy associated with President FDR
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