cold war sfi Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Dennis vs. the U.S. case
In 1948, the leaders of the Communist Part of America were arrested and charged with violating provisions of the Smith Act.
McCarran Internal Security Act
This act required that all communist organizations register with the government and publish their records. Congress easily overrode Truman's veto of the bill.
Alger Hiss
Prominent ex-New Dealer and a distinguished member of the "eastern establishment"
A former State Department official who was accused of being a Communist spy and was convicted of perjury. The case was prosecuted by Richard Nixon.
Joseph McCarthy
United States politician who unscrupulously accused many citizens of being Communists (1908-1957)
Loyalty Oath
formal pledge of loyalty to the government, sometimes specfically denying membership in the Communist Party
Loyalty Program
1947 Truman ordered security checks of govt employees to root out communists
Loyalty Review Board
investigated 3 million federal employees in fear of communism
Richard Nixon
He was a committee member of the House of Representatives, Committee on Un-American Activities (to investigate "subversion"). He tried to catch Alger Hiss who was accused of being a communist agent in the 1930's. This brought Nixon to the attention of the American public. In 1956 he was Eisenhower's Vice-President.
Committee on un-American activities
Created to investigate communist spies in the U.S
Julius and Ethel Rosenburg
convicted in 1951 of giving atomic bomb data found by American scientists to the Soviet Union; only Americans ever executed during peacetime for espionage
Smith Act of 1940
made it illegal to advocate the overthrow of the US government by force or violence
yalta
Meeting between Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin to plan the post-war world
iron curtain
a political barrier that isolated the peoples of Eatern Europe after WWII, restricting their ability to travel outside the region
containment
American policy of resisting further expansion of communism around the world
george kennan
A brilliant young diplomat, and a Soviet specialist, who crafted the "containment doctrine."
truman doctrine
President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology
marshall plan
A plan that the US came up with to revive war-torn economies of Europe. This plan offered $13 billion in aid to western and Southern Europe.
berlin airlift
Joint effort by the US and Britian to fly food and supplies into W Berlin after the Soviet blocked off all ground routes into the city
north atlantic treaty organization
1949 alliance of nations that agreed to band together in the event of war and to support and protect each nation involved
warsaw pact
An alliance between the Soviet Union and other Eastern European nations. This was in response to the NATO
security council
one of the major organs of the UN charged with the responsibility for peace and security issues; includes 5 permanent members with veto power and 10 nonpermanent members chosen from the general assembly
united nations
an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security
brinkmanship
the willingness to go to the brink of war to force an opponent to back down
ho chi minh
Vietnamese communist statesman who fought the Japanese in World War II and the French until 1954 and South vietnam until 1975 (1890-1969)
the domino theory
The fear that if one country falls to communism, then the rest are sure to fall like a row of dominoes.
ngo dinh diem
South Vietnamese president that was catholic and strongly opposed communism. His poor leadership and corrupt government spelled doom
the vietcong
approached Saigon in 1973
geneva accords
a 1954 peace agreement that divided vietnam into communist-controlled north vietnam and non-communist south vietnam until unification elections could be held in 1956
17th parallel
line of latitude that separated North and South Vietnam
gulf of tonkin
Incident in 1964 that President Johnson used to justify increased U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War. Claim was that two U.S. ships had been attacked.
peace with honor
Nixon's policy of withdrawing from Vietnam, but with honor
vietnamization
President Richard Nixons strategy for ending U.S involvement in the vietnam war, involving a gradual withdrawl of American troops and replacement of them with South Vietnamese forces
operation rolling thunder
bombing campaign over North Vietnam, supposed to weaken enemy's ability and will to fight
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