short stories powerpoint Flashcards

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Terms Definitions
short story
a relatively brief fictional narrative in prose
short story
traditional definition: can be read in one setting
short story
origins in oral story traditions and the prose anecdote, a swiftly-sketched situation that quickly comes to its point
characteristics
tend to be less complex than novels, focuses on only one incident, has a single plot, a single setting, a samll number of characters, covers a short period of time
history origins
date back to oral story-telling traditions such as the odyssey
history origins
fables were invented in the 6th century by a greek slave Aesop.
history origins
anecdotes were popular with the romans; they were a brief realistic narrative that embody a point
history origins
european story-telling began with Chaucer in the 14th century
history modern
emerged as its own genre in the early 19th century
history modern
early writers include Nikolai Gogol and the Brothers Grimm and Charles Brockden Brown in the United States
Washington Irving
American author, essayist, biographer and historian of the 18th century
Washington Irving
"The Legend of Sleepy Hollow"
Washington Irving
"Rip Van Winkle"
Washington Irving
"The Devil and Tom Walker"
"Rip Van Winkle"
an upstate New York farmer with a harridan of a wife goes hunting with his dog. in the forest he meets a group of Dutchmen bowling and drinking. He joins in the party and falls asleep-for 20 years. Returning to his village, he is unrecognized. Eventually he learns his wife is dead and his children find him.
Nathaniel Hawthorne
Grandfather was a judge at the salem witch trials, transcendentalist in the tradition of Emerson and thoreau
Nathaniel Hawthorne
"The Scarlett Letter"
Nathaniel Hawthorne
"The House of Seven Gables"
Nathaniel Hawthorne
"The Minister's Black Veil"
Nathaniel Hawthorne
"Rapacini's Daughter"
Nathaniel Hawthorne
"Young Goodman Brown"
Nathaniel Hawthorne
"The Birthmark"
"The Birthmark"
Every living thing is flawed in some way. Georgiana's birthmark, in the shape of a small red hand, flaws the perfect beauty in her face. Convinced he can remove it, Aylmer, her husband and a scientist, induces her to drink a potion he has created. She drinks; the birthmark is erased; she dies.
Edgar Allan Poe
Most tenown among the French, crdited with the firt American short story form
Edgar Allan Poe
"The Tell-Tale Heart"
Edgar Allan Poe
" Murders in the Rue Morgue"
Edgar Allan Poe
"The Cask of Amontillado"
"The Tell-Tale Heart"
The narrator admits to the murder of an old man with an "eye" that looks like a vulute's eye. His elaborate plan, complete, the narrator murders the old man imagining that he hears the old man's heart ceas beating. Hiding the body in the floor of his rooms, the narrator is sure of a perfect crime. Later, however, he begins to hear a beating sound which drives him to distraction. The beating continues and drives him to confess his guilty.
Ambrose Bierce
Fought on the front lines during the Civil War, including Shiloh, Chickamauga and Sherman's March to the sea.
Ambrose Bierce
Short Stories have grima nd cynical tone and a spare style
Ambrose Bierce
in 1913 he headed for the Mexican revolution and was never heard from again.
Ambrose Bierce
Has influenced William Golding, Carlos Fuentes and others
"An Occurence at Owl Creek Bridge"
Peyton Farquhar is about to be hanged for crimes during the Civil War. As a successful planter, he is a strong supporter of the Confederacy. Farquhar loses consciousness as he is about to be hanged. Awake he finds himself in the river swimming for his life. He finds his way home to his wife whom he reaches to embrace, but feels a sharp jerk at the back of his neck. Farquhar is now hanging from the bridge, dead.
Mark Twain
Midwestern writer famous for regionalism in his short stories and novels. Better known for his novels rather than short stories.
Mark Twain
"The Adventures of Tom Sawyer"
Mark Twain
"The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn"
Mark Twain
"The Celebrate Jumping Frog of Calaveras County"
Mark Twain
"The Invalid's Story"
"The Celebrated Jumping Fro
Short story that made Twain famous.setting based on material he collected during his gold mining days in California
Guy de Maupassant
French writer and one of the fathers of the modern short story. Stories characterized by economy of style and efficient resolution. Served as a model for Somerset Maughm and O. Henry
"The Necklace"
A timeless tale of discontent seving to teach a valuable lesson. One frivolous night results in ten years of hard and bitter labor.
Charlotte Perkins Gilman
American feminist intellectual. Believed that women's obligation to stay in domestic settings robbed them of the expression of their full posers of creativity and intelligence. Best known for one short story.
Charlotte Perkins Gilman
"The Yellow Wallpaper"
"The Yellow Wallpaper"
The narrator suffers from a "nervous depression" for which there is no cure but to do nothing. She is forbidden to write or work. She becomes obsessed with the yellow wallpaper. She believes a woman is trapped in the yellow wallpaper and attempts to free her. In her attempts to free the woman trapped, she believes she finds many other women "trapped" bye the wallpaper. She has become insane.
History Post War Era
Period following the World War 2 saw the great flowering of short fiction in the U.S. Magazines such as "The Atlantic Monthly", "Scribner's", "The Saturday Evening Post", and "The New Yorker", published short fiction in a demand for hight quality stories. Publication of "The Lottery" received the strongest response in "The New Yorker's" history
Shirley Jackson
Popular writer of stories with stange twists or ironic conclusions. Her novel "The Haunting of Hill House" remains a popular scary story. Influenced Stephen King and others.
Shirley Jackson
"The Haunting of Hill House"
"The Lottery"
The villagers gather once a year to draw lots. This lottery is designed to support the values, attitudes and beliefs of the village. The reader is completely unable to predict the ending until it occurs. Two themes: the danger of blindly following tradition and the randomness of persecution.
William Faulkner
Nobel Prize author of "Barn Burning" and "A Rose for Emily". setting always in the South in a make-believe place known as Yoknapatawpha County, Mississippi. Novels include "The Sound and The Fury", and "As i Lay Dying".
"A Rose for Emily"
Young Woman wants to marry a "Yankee stanger" but her family intervenes. Her Yankee suitor leaves never to be seen again. Single all of her life, the citizens of her small town regard her as a treasure. At her death, a very bizarre truth becomes known. It seems Miss Emily has kept her secrets until the grave.
Saki/ H. H. Munro
created stories with twists at the end, macabre and witty. Best known titles: "The Interlopers," "The Open Window." Pen name "Saki" is reference to the cupbearer in "The Rubaiyat"
"The Interlopers"
Setting in a forest where 2 stubborn men insist on carrying on a life long feud over the land. While hunting on a stormy night both are trappped under a large fallen tree. Just when they are ready to amen their feud, they believe they will be rescued. Their rescuerer are unusual and hungry!
O. Henry/ William Sydney Porter
Wrote a story a week for over a year for publication in a New York magazine. Stories filled with plot twists and stong characterizations. Stories are famous for surprise endings. Referred to as the American "Guy de Maupassant". O. Henry Award given annually to outstanding short stories.
"The Gift of the Magi"
A young couple at Christmas decide to give the most valubel gift they can to each other. Irony ensues when each realizes gifts are for treasures given in order to attain the gifts
W.W. Jacobs
Englsih author of short stories and novels. Best remembered for "The Monkey's Paw"
"The Monkey's Paw"
Be careful what you wish for; you just might get it. One family finds out the hard way how to pay off their mortage. One mother's wish is one father's greatest fear.
Flannery O'Connor
creator of stories reflecting the Southern Gothic style. Southern Gothic focuses on strange events, eccentric characters and local color. People, places and events appear to be normal at first glance, but turn out to be strange, even horrific. Creates stories grounded in reality but disquieting and disturbing.
"A Good Man is Hard to Find"
Most famous example of Southern Gothic. A seemingly nnormal car trip for a Southeren family, including Grandmother, turns into a violent descent into chaos.
Late Twentieth Century
Writers focused on minimalism as well as traditionalism in story form. Later formats fearuted magical realism, Native American culute and the psychology of popular culutre. Early twenty-first centruy writers employed blogs and e-zines to publish materiall
James Hurst
Working as a banker, he wrote short stories and novels. Best known for "The Scarlett Ibis" that appears in almost every high school literature text. Best line from the story:"I did not know then that pride is a wonderful, terrible, thing, a seed that bears two vines, life and death"
"The Scarlet Ibis"
Two brothers--one proud, the other broken. A rare bird brings a rare truth to a young boy.
Krishnan Varma
Indian writer published in the U.S., Canada and India. Creates moving details about the poverty of India and its families.
"The Grass Eaters"
Abject poverty and acceptance of one's position are the parameteres of this moving story. Who is hungry enough eat grass? Who is poor enough to have to?
Short Story Today
Form follows function in the short story. Its task is to show briefly a moment or several moments in a character's existence when conflict and crisis meet to thwart the path on which the character travels. Its conclusion shows us the results of a minor, or perhaps major, occurence that has long lasting or life changing results. Its satisfaction comes in the brevity with which we are informed, entertained and persuaded.
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