Renaissance Terms Grade 8 Chapter 1 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Worldview
A collection of values and beliefs about and life and the universe (the world) held by a common group of people
Value
A personal or group judgement as to what is important in life.
Belief
Something accepted as true
Western Worldview
Worldviews held by people specifically in the western world. Including Canada, the United States of America and Western Europe
Multicultural
Many cultures
Perspective
A way of looking at the world by a particular group of people
Renaissance
A historical period originated in Italy from the 1350 to 1600 (14-16 century) and is known for the revival of classical art, architecture, literature, and learning
Golden Age
Another term for Renaissance
CE
Common Era, referring to the way of numbering years; numbering from after the birth of Jesus Christ
Era
A historical period
Middle Ages
A historical period from the fall of the Roman Empire in the 4th century to the beginning of the Renaissance in the 14th century
Silk Road
A trade route in which goods were traded as far away as China and Japan.
Knowledge, Goods, Disease
Three things that were traded or exchanged in the silk road
Exotic goods
Items such as silks, glassware, spices and paper as well as, exotic animals that was traded in the Silk road.
Traders
Consumers who wanted more goods became THIS... in order to recieve those goods
Black Death
Bubonic plague, A highly infectuous disease that was passed in the Silk Road, that usually results in painful black bumps in the armpits and groin, makes skin look bruised and causes internal bleeding. Started in 1347 and ended in 1700s. Millions of people died.
Astrolabe
An instrument used to measure the locations of stars and planets as an aid to navigation
Crusades
A medieval Christian military expedition to recover the Holy lands from the Muslims
Pilgrim
A person who journeys to a sacred place for religious purposes
Feudal System
A political economic social system of land-holding
Alliance
A formal agreement to cooperate
Hierarchical
Based on classes of status or authority ranked one above the other
City-State
A city that governs itself and the countryside that surrounds it
Urbanization
The movement of a population away from the countryside and into cities.
Value judgement
An opinion based on a person's individual values and beliefs
Papacy
The Pope and the government of the Roman Catholic Church
Republic
A state in which power is held by the people or their representatives
Despot
A leader with unlimited power;
A TYRANT or OPPRESSOR
Oligarchy
A form of government in which few people have the power.
Sovereignty
Another term for Independence or Freedom
Patron
A person who provides financial or other support for artists.
Aristocracy
The nobility or those with inherited titles
Humanism
A system of thought that centers on humans and their values, potential and worth; concerned with the needs and welfare or humans
Muslim middlemen
All trade along the Silk road was controlled by THESE people because Islamic empire was in the middle of the Silk road
Religion
During the Middle Ages, both the rich and the poor lived life with THIS at the center of human existence
Venice
Which city-state had citizens that belonged to scuoles which provided charity?
North
Which direction did the bubonic plague (black death) spread?
Everyone
Who did the bubonic plague (black death) affect?
Merchant class
The new class system that developed during the Renaissance. Role is to usually trade goods (internationally)
Epidemic
Affecting many people at the same time and spreading from person to person. The widespread or occurrence of a disease
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