Chapter 9: The Cultural Geography of Latin America Flashcards

Terms Definitions
indigenous
native to a place
dialect
local form of a language used in a particular place or by a certain group
patois
dialects that blend elements of indigenous, European, African, and Asian languages
urbanization
the movement of people from rural areas into cities
megacity
cities with more than 10 million people
primate city
a city that dominates the country's economy, culture, and governement
glyph
picture writing carved in stone
chinampas
floating farming islands made by the Aztec
quipu
knotted cords of various lengths and colors used by the Inca to keep financial records
conquistador
Spanish term for "conqueror," referring to soldiers who conquered Native Americans in Latin America
viceroy
representative of the Spanish monarch appointed to enforce laws in colonial Latin America
caudillo
a Latin American political leader from the late 1800s on, often a military dictator
syncretism
a blending of beliefs and practices from different religions into one faith
mural
wall painting
mosaic
picture or design made with small pieces of colored stone, glass, shell, or tile
extended family
household made up of several generations of family members
malnutrition
faulty or inadequate nutrition
futbol
spanish term for soccer
jai alai
traditional handball-type game popular with Mexicans and Cubans
Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia
Countries know for their high Native population
Guyana
Country with a high Asian population
Barbados and Puerto Rico
Islands with a high population density because of high birth rates and small areas
Yucatan Peninsula
Location of the Mayans
Tikal
Capital of the Mayans
Mexican Plateau
Location of the Aztecs
Tenochtitlan
Capital of the Aztecs
Andes Mountains range
Location of the Incas
Cuzco
Capital of the Incas
Haiti
first country to gain independence
Caribbean and Brazil
two areas with high concentrations of mixed African and European blood
Mexican Plateau and Population Rim
two primary regions with the most population
Spain and Portugal
primary conquerors of Latin America
Great Britain, Netherlands, France
other conquerors of Latin America
Line of Demarcation
Imaginary north to south line running down the middle of the Atlantic and granted Spain the west of the line and Portugal the east
Convert to Christianity and get riches
the two primary objectives of the conquistadors
North America and France
revolutions that inspired the Latin American ones
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