AP Government: Chapter 15 The Media Flashcards

Terms Definitions
mass media
the entire array of organizations through which information is collected and disseminated to the general public
news media
media providing the public with new information about subjects of public interest.
yellow journalism
a form of newspaper publishing in vogue in the late 19th century that featured pictures, comics, color, and sensationalized, oversimplified news coverage.
muckraking
a form of journalism, in vogue in the early twentieth century, concerned with reforming government and business conduct
print media
the traditional form of mass media, comprising newspapers, magazines, newsletters, and journals
broadcast media
television, radio, cable, and satellite services.
new media
technologies, such as the internet, that blur the line between media sources and create new opportunities for the dissemination of news and other information
network
an association of broadcast stations that share programming through a financial arrangement.
affiliates
Local television stations that carry the programming of a national network
wire service
an electronic delivery of news gathered by the news services correspondents and sent to all member news media organizations
narrowcasting
targeting media programming at specific populations within society.
blog
web based journal entries that provide an editorial and news outlet for citizens.
content regulation
government attempts to regulate the substance of the mass media
equal time rule
the rule that requires broadcast stations to seel air time equally to all candidates in a political campaign if they choose to sell it to any
fairness doctrine
rule in effect from 1949 to 1985 requiring broadcasters to cover events adequately and to present contrasting views on important public issues.
press release
a document offering an official comment or position
press briefing
a relatively restricted session between a press secretary or aide and the press
press conference
an unrestricted session between an elected official and the press
on background
information provided to a journalist that will not be attributed to a named source.
deep background
info provided to a journalist that will not be attributed to any source
off the record
info provided to a journalist that will not be released to the public
on the record
info provided to a journalist that can be released and attributed by name to the source.
New York times Co v Sullivan
The supreme court concluded that "actual malice" must be proved to support a finding of libel against a public figure.
media effects
the influence of news sources on public opinion
agenda setting
the constant process of forming the list of issued to be addressed by government
framing
the process by which a news organization defines a political issue consequently affects opinion about the issue
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