Seoul National University Korean 5a - Grammar Points Flashcards

Terms Definitions
A/V-(으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ 줄 몰랐다 [알았다]
I didn't realise__________________. [I thought _________ ].
N 이/가 N - 인 줄 몰랐다 [알았다]
I didn't realise he/it was __________.[I thought he/it was ____ ].
사정이 있다
for personal reasons
N을/를 빼다
without ______(N).
상(을) 받다 [타다]
to receive a prize
A/V- 다지요?
I heard____________is that true?
N (이)라지요?
It's _______, isn't it? (verifying what you heard)
Reason for not doing something. Because I was/am______, I couldn't________. 어젯밤에 책을읽느라고 잠을 못 잤어요.
N에 참석하다
to attend at ______.
N을/를 축하하는 뜻으로
To congratulate you on ______, I will buy you a bag.
V- (으)ㄴ/는 것을 축하 [사과,감사] 하는 뜻으로
In order to congratulation/apologize/thank you for ________, _________.(I will pay for dinner).
N을/를 가져오다 [가져가다]
take something with you (short form...not to be used with 다니다)
N을/를 가지고 오다 [가지고 가다]
take something with you (long form)
한 Number
approximately Number _____
N도(쯤)이/가 되다
around___ degrees.
N개[권,명,살,원](쯤) 되다
around____ pieces/people/balls etc. (will be coming.)
A/V-(으)ㄹ 거라고[것이라고] 하다
Indirect - future tense - It is/was said that _______ is going to be the case.
V-자고 하다
Indirect - He/she is suggesting/suggested let's _____.
V-지말자고 하다
Indirect - He/she is suggesting/suggested let's not _____.
A- (으)냐고 하다 [묻다]/ V-느냐고 하다 [묻다]
He/she asked _________.(Adj./V)
N-(이)냐고 하다[묻다]
He/she asked _________.(N)
V-아/어 보니(까)
After doing _______, ________(reaction/feeling/comment).
It is said...he/she said ______.
A/V-(으)ㄹ 거래요
I heard (from somewhere) that _______(the weather will be good tomorrow)
I heard (from somewhere) that______ (he is Korean)
to get better
A/V-아/어야 할 텐데
I hope (the weather will be good tomorrow). Used when you worry about something.
furthermore, in addition, moreover
N 있으면 N(이)다
____ left until _____. / If you wait _____ then______.
with ____(N)
얼마 [누구,어디,언제,무엇] (이)라고 하다
how much/who/where/when/what did you say it was?
연락 [편지,전화,소식] (을/를) 주다 [드리다]
contact me
어디나 [누구나,언제나,무엇이나,어느 것이나] (다) 마찬가지(이)다
anywhere, anyone, anything, whichever is all the time
무슨[어느,어떤] N(이)나 (다) 마찬가지(이)다
whatever, whoever, whichever _____ they are all (the same)
to be the same
V-(으)ㄹ 수 있을지 걱정이다
I'm worrying whether _____
V-(으)ㄴ 지(가) 얼마 안 되었다
It's not been long since _____
V-(으)ㄴ 지(가) 오래되었다
It's been a long time since _____
N 정도
approximately (number)
N이/가 N에 포함되다
____ is included in the _____.
A/V-(으)면 곤란하다
Please don't _____. It makes things difficult.
V-기는 하늘의 별 따기다
_____ is like picking the stars from the sky.
한 N도 안[못] V
Haven't even ______ once.
V-나 보다
It appears...(V) You have 100% evidence for your conclusion.
Adj.-(으)ㄴ 가 보다
It appears...(Adj.) You have 100% evidence for your conclusion.
N인가 보다
It appears...(N) You have 100% evidence for your conclusion.
A/V-다고 듣다
Always past tense in this form. I heard that.....
A/V-(으)ㄹ 거라고 듣다
Always future tense in this form. I heard (it will)....
N(이)라고 듣다
I heard that it's a.....(N)
A/V-(으)ㄴ/는데 어떡하죠?
asking for advice...what should I do?
N이/가 엉망이다
a mess
A/V-(으)ㄴ/는 편이다
tend towards...on the large side
언제든지 [어디든지,누구든지, 무엇이든지]
command, suggestions, statement (whenever, wherever, whomever etc.)
honorific form of 묻다
A/V-(으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ 모양이다
It('s) likely/probable/ seems that__________. (grandma is sleeping) (Same as 나 보다 but less casual.)
First of all....
V-는 대신
Instead of doing_______ (V).
V는 법
method of _______(V)(making kimchi).
아무리 A/V-아/어도
no matter how many times I _______ (search/look/ read etc.)
A/V- ㅂ/습니다만
making and excuse (very polite)...I'm sorry but.... 최송합니다만______.
N을/를 아끼다
favourite (thing)
N을/를 아껴(서) 쓰다
Use _____ sparingly.
Don't you's because _______.
V아/어 두다
to do something in advance...
____or something like that (last choice)
N와/과 친하다
to be close with somebody
가만 있어 보다
Hold on a minute! (Don't want to be interrupted in something)
Expresses surprise (군요 informal form)
Expresses surprise (군요 informal form)
Expresses surprise (군요 informal form)
Speaker expresses intention... e.g. no matter how busy I am I intend to eat dinner.
아무 N도
You won't have (any problems), You won't see (anybody)
아무것도, 아무 데도, 아무도
there isn't anything, any place, anybody (here)
A/V-(으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ 데
_____ place. e.g. the place we met
N을/를 지키다
to keep (a promise, time etc.)
without fail, certainly, surely
N이/가 나오다
____ comes out.
V-(으)ㄴ 후(에)
After (V)
N 후에
After (N)
V-기(를) 바라다
운이 좋다 [나쁘다]
to have good luck, bad luck
N을/를 계속하다
continue to _______ (work/study etc.) .
straight after _____
V-(으)ㄴ/는 대로
Do (something) according to (something) (V). 요리책에 쓰여있는 대로....
Do (something) according to (something)(N). 마음대로, 요리책대로
N을/를 하다
to make (food)
V-(으)ㄹ 거냐고 하다... 거라고 하다
____ (asked _______) 거냐고해서 so I replied ___________거라고 했어요.
N에는 N 이/가 좋다
(something) is good (in the case of something)
V-ㄴ/는 데(에)는 N이/가 좋다
When you ________, ________ is good.
빨리 요리하는 데는 전자레인지가 좋다
N에 N을/를 넣다
to put (something in something)
N에[와/과] N을/를 섞다
mix ____, here/with this etc.
N에(게) 달려 있다
____ depends on _____.
A/V-고 못[안] A/V-(으)ㄴ/는 것은 N에(게) 달려 있다
Whether you ___ or don't ____ depends on ______.
N이/가 연하다
to be soft, light (coffee)
A/V-아/어야 A/V
condition - If_______(condition is fulfilled), __________(is/will be the result)
at/in (spoken). Please ask at/in the office. 사무실에다가 물어보세요.
N(이)라고 해서 누구나 [어디나, 무엇이나, 언제나] A/V-(으)ㄴ/는 것은 아니다
Just because _____ doesn't mean _____ is the case.
A/V-다[(으)라/자/냐]고요? --- N(이)라고요?
시험이 어려웠어요. --> 시험이 어려웠다고요? --> 네, 시험이 어려웠다고요.
N-(이)면 충분하다
N______ will be sufficient/enough.
A/V-(으)면 충분하다
A/V______ will be sufficient/enough.
to cost
V-는 데(에) N이/가 들다
You use/It costs ____ when you _____.
V-고 있다
a state of action ----> e.g. the person (wearing) a watch
V-고 가다[오다,다니다]
___and go, ____and come, _____and go there and back
데리고 가다 [오다]
take someone with you (younger or doesn't know the way)
장난이 심하다
아이 [집]을/를 보다
To watch...the child/house
그렇지 않아도
as a matter of fact
V-(으)ㄹ까 하다
I'm thinking of...
아무 N(이)나
whichever____, whatever, wherever etc.
아무거나, 아무 데나, 아무나
anything, anywhere, anyone - only used in statements, not in suggestions or commands
V-(으)ㄹ 생각도 못 하다
Can't/don't/won't even think about...
하도 A/V-아/어서
emphasis... 날씨가 하도 좋아서 공원에 갔다왔어요.
V-(으)ㄹ까 말까 하다
I'm deciding whether or not...
V-(으)ㄹ 걸 (그랬더)
If only I had...
N 때만 되면
Every time...N
V-(으)ㄹ 때만 되면
Every time...V
V-(으)ㄹ 생각[계획,예정]이다
I'm thinking of, I'm planning to, I've scheduled to....
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