AP World: Post-Classical (Africa) Flashcards

African religious ideas
Terms Definitions
Sundiata
the "Lion Prince"; a member of the Feita clan; created a unifiied state that became the Mali Empire; died about 1260
Mansa Musa
lord of the African empire of Mali, made the hajj and established Islamic schools; showed African wealth by giviing gold
Bantu
a member of any of several Negroid peoples forming a linguistically and in some respects culturally interrelated family in central and southern Africa
Berbers
a member of the group of North Africa tribes living in Barbary and the Sahara
Ghana
A medieval African kingdom in what is now eastern Senegal, southwest Mali, and southern Mauritania. It was founded probably in the 6th century A.D. and prospered because of its location astride the trans-Saharan caravan routes. The kingdom declined after the 11th century, Soninke people
Griots
A storyteller in western Africa who perpetuates the oral tradition and history of a village or family and advises the cheifs
Mali
replaced Ghana as dominant empire
Sunni Ali Ber
forged Songhay empire, tactical commander and ruthless leader
Ibn Battuta
berber scholar and traveler who is known for the account of his travels and excursions
Ifriqiya
European name for Africa
Maghrib
the Arabic name for the NW part of Africa, generally including Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and sometimes Libya
Stateless societies
African societies organized around kinship or other forms of obligation and lacking the concentration of political power and authority associated with states
Swahili
An inhabitant of coastal eastern Africa for whom the mother tongue holds the same name
Polygamy
the practice or condition of having more than one spouse
Asante
member of an Akan people of Ghana, formerly united in the Ashanti kingdom
Luanda
from a Bantu word meaning "melody"; a seaport in and the capital of Angola, in SW Africa
Factories
European trading fortresses and compounds with resident merchants; utilized throughout Portugese trading empire to assure secure landing places and commerce
El Mina
most important of early Portugese trading factories in forest zone of Africa
Lancados
settlers and adventurers of Portuguese origin in Senegambia, the Cape Verde Islands and other areas of the West Africa
Nzinga Mvemba
King of Kongo south of Zaire River from 1507 to 1543; converted to Christianity and took title Alfonso I; uder Portugese influence attempted to Christianize all of kingdom
Royal African Company
chartered in 1660s to establish a monopoly over the slave trade among British merchants; supplied African slaves to colonies in barbados, Jamaica, and Virginia
Indies piece
term used within the complex exchange system established by the Spanish for African trade; referred to the value of an adult male slave
Triangular Trade
a pattern of colonial commerce in which slaves were bought on the African Gold Coast with New England rum and then traded in the West Indies for sugar or molasses, which was brought back to New England to be manufactured into rum
Osei Tutu
co-founder of the Empire of Ashanti, along with Okomfo Anokye, his chief priest
Asantehene
title taken by ruler of Asante Empire; supreme civil and religious leader; authority symbolized by golden stool
Dahomey
Kingdom Developer among Fon or Aja peoples in 17th century; center at Abomey 70 miles from coast; Ander King Agaja expanded to control coastline and port of Whydah by 1727; accepted western firearms and goods in return for African slaves
Luo
Nilotic people who migrated from upper Nile valley; established dynasty among existing Bantu population in lake region of central eastern Africa; center at Bunyoro
Uthman Dan Fodio
founder of the Sokoto Caliphate in 1809, a religious teacher, writer and Islamic reformer
Great Trek
Movement of Boer settlers in Cape Colony of southern Africa to escape influence of British colonial government in 1834; led to settlement of regions north of Orange River and Natal
Shaka
most influential leader of the Zulu Kingdom
Mfecane
Wars of the 19th century in southern Africa; created by Zulu ezpansion under Shaka; revolutionized political organization of southern Africa
Swazi
New African state formed on model of Zulu chiefdom; survived mfecane
Lesotho
Southern African state that survived mfecane; not based on Zulu model; less emphasis on military organization, less authoritarian government
Middle Passage
Trans-Atlantic journey for the slaves; ¼ died enroute
Obeah
A form of religious belief of African origin
Candomble
A religion based on African traditions with elements derived from Christianity; used in Brazil
Plantation Economy
an economy which is based on agricultural mass production, usually of a few staple products grown on large farms called plantations
Juula
Malinké merchants; formed small partnerships to carry out trade throughout Mali Empire; eventually spread throughout much of best Africa
Zenji
Arabic term for the east African coast
Vodun
African religious ideas and practices among descendants of African slaves in Haiti
Palmares
Kingdom of runaway slaves with a population of 8000 to 10000 people; located in Brazil during the 17th century; leadership was Angolan
William Wilberforce
British statesman and reformer; leader of the abolitionist movement in English parliament that led to end of English slave trade in 1807
Obeah
African religious ideas and practice in the English and French Caribbean islands
Fulani
Pastoral people of western Sudan; adopted purifying Sufi variant of Islam; under Usuman Dan Fodio in 1804, launched revolt against Hausa kingdoms; established state centered on Sokoto
Afrikaners
white Afrikaans-speaking people who have been established in Southern Africa since the 17th century and are mainly of northwestern European descent
Voortrekkers
emigrants during the 1830s and 1840s who left the Cape Colony moving into the interior of what is now South Africa; took part in Great Trek
Saltwater slaves
slaves transported from Africa; almost invariably black
Creole slaves
American born descendants of saltwater slaves; result of sexual exploitation of slave women or process of miscegenation
Almohadis
a reformist movement among the Islamic Berbers of northern Africa; later than the Almoravids; penetrated into sub-Saharan Africa
Islamization
process of a society's conversion to the religion of Islam
Benin
powerful city-state (in present-day Nigeria) which came into contact with the Portugese in 1485 but remained relatively free of European influence; important commercial and political entity until the 19th century
Almoravids
Berber dynasty of Sahara
Mwene Mutapa
Mutapa Empire was a medieval kingdom which stretched between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers of Southern Africa in the modern states of Zimbabwe and Mozambique. Its founders are culturally and politically related to the builders who constructed Great Zimbabwe
Diaspora
the movement of any population sharing common ethnic identity who were either forced to leave from the nomadic culture, and more appropriately linked with the creation of a group of refugees
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