Social Studies Map Skills Vocabulary 5th Grade DMS Flashcards

cardinal directions
Terms Definitions
 Goode's equal area projection, accurately presents size and shape of continents; distances are less accurate - especially oceans longitude distance measured in degrees East or West of the Prime Meridian at 0° longitude; they are meridians that run North to South from pole to pole hemisphere half of a sphere (a sphere is a globe or round object like a ball) projection a way of drawing the round earth on a flat piece of paper latitude distance measured in degrees North and South of the Equator at 0° latitude; they are parallel lines that circle the earth Robinson shows both size and shape quite accurately; shapes of continents appear like they are on the globe Mercator shows land shapes fairly accurately, but not size or distance; it does show true direction grid system lines of latitude and longitude that cross each other; examples are graph paper, checkers board, tic-tac-toe grid, tiles on the floor, etc. parallel lines lines that circle the earth East to West but never touch or cross meridian lines the lines that circle the earth, North to South and cross at the North and South poles absolute location knowing a place's latitude and longiude allows you to locate it exactly on a map or globe (by naming the latitude and longitude lines that cross nearest to that location scale tells you what distance on the earth is represented by the measurement on the scale bar key explains the symbols used on the map scale bar a measuring line that helps you find a distance on a map cardinal directions North, South, East, and West intermediate directions directions that fall between the cardinal directions; they are NE, NW, SE, and SW compass rose the direction marker that shows you where the cardinal directions (N, S, E, and W) are on a map relief colors and shadings that show how flat or rugged the land surface is elevation profile a cutaway diagram that shows the sides of level land, hills and steep mountains (think of looking at the side of a piece of cake and seeing all the layers climate region broad areas that have the same climate (climate is the weather over a period of time) population density the average number of people living in a square foot or square kilometer elevation height above sea level contour lines lines that show elevation on a map, one line for each major level of elevation (all the land at the same elevation is connected by a line) North Pole 90° N South Pole 90° S The Arctic Circle 23½ ° N The Antarctic Circle 23½ ° S The Tropic of Cancer 66½ ° N The Tropic of Capricorn 66½ ° S Equator 0° latitude Prime Meridian 0° longitude
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