AP LC Vocab and Grammar Quiz #1 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
abject
utterly hopeless, miserable
benevolent
expressing kind feelings
caprice
sudden, unpredictable change
deleterious
injurious to health
emulate
imitate with hopes of excelling beyond
abstemious
moderate in eating or drinking
equanimity
mental/emotional stability
infinitude
infinite number, amount, extent
ineffable
incapable of expressing
lilliputian
extremely small or tiny
acrimonious
stinging or bitter in nature
fortuitous
accidental or produced by chance
impeccable
faultless, flawless, incapable of sin
insidious
intended to trap or beguile
lugubrious
mournful, dismal, gloomy in an exaggerated manner
pious
religious, hypocritical, sanctimonious
despondency
depression
admonition
the act of scolding or reproaching
fastidious
hard to please
languid
listless or lethargic
loquacious
verbose or wordy
obsequious
dutiful, submissive
palpable
tangible, readily seen, felt, heard and perceived
recalcitrant
resisting authority
surreptitious
sneaky, clandestine
abscond
to leave suddenly and without detection
acquiesce
to agree passively
pugnacity
inclination to fight
reverie
daydream
inexplicable
not explainable
acumen
to possess extraordinary ability or skill
alacrity
eagerness
cognizant
aware
exonerate
to free from blame
incorrigible
uncorrectable, stubborn
exuberant
excited, vibrant, bubbly
somnolent
sleepy, sleepwalking
chagrin
dismay
enigmatic
unknown, mysterious
expurgate
to purge or cleanse
simple sentence
subject + predicate; independent clause
complex sentence
independent clause + dependent clause
compound sentence
independent clause + independent clause (joined by a semi-colon, colon, or FANBOYS)
compound-complex sentence
independent clause + independent clause + 1 or more dependent clause
cumulative/loose sentence
completes the main idea at the beginning, but then builds and adds on
periodic sentence
main clause is withheld until the end, opposite of cumulative
hortative sentence
exhorts, advises, or calls to action
inverted sentence
inverted word order
balanced sentence
employs two independent clauses that are parallel in structure
anaphora
deliberate repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of several successive lines
epistrophe
deliberate repetition of a word or phrase at the end of several successive lines
parallelism
pattern of language that creates a rhythm of repetition
asyndeton
deliberate omission of conjunctions from a series of related independent clauses
polysyndeton
use of consecutive coordinating conjunctions even when they are not needed
aphorism
a brief statement of an opinion or elemental truth
anadiplosis
last word of clause begins the next clause
tricolon
sentence with three equally distinct and equally long parts
zeugma
two or more elements in a sentence are tied together by the same verb or noun
synecdoche
a part is used for the whole
metonymy
the name of one thing is substituted for another with which it is closely associated
chiasmus
ABBA syntactical structure
run-on sentence
IC + CC + IC
fused sentence
IC + IC
comma splice
IC + , + IC
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Definition:

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