AP US History: 1920s, Great Depression, and the New Deal Flashcards

Terms Definitions
The Republican nominee in the Election of 1920
Warren Harding
18th Amendment
Prohibition
National Origins Act
restricted immigration from Asia and Eastern & Western Europe
The Republican nominee in the Election of 1924
Calvin Coolidge
The Republican nominee in the Election of 1928
Herbert Hoover
All 3 Presidents of the '20s favored this type of economic policy
laissez-faire
Secretary of the Treasury in the '20s
Andrew Mellon
"Ohio Gang"
Harry Daugherty & Albert Fall
5 explanations for the severity of the Great Depression
automobile sales & construction declined, maldistribution of purchasing power, easy credit, decline in international trade, and international debt structure
Number of banks that shutdown between "30-'33
9,000
Unemployment rate
25%
Severe drought in the Northwestern states
The Dust Bowl
Made loans to banks,railroads, and insurance companies
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
This group, started in Idaho, encouraged farmers to hold their crops from the market
Farmers' Holiday Association
This force of 20,000 marched on Washington in 1932
The Bonus Expeditionary Force
The Democratic nominee in the Election of 1932
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Roosevelt used these to calm and inform the American public
fireside chats
Established inspectors from the Treasury to diagnose banks' health
Emergency Banking Act
Closed banks to prevent them from shutting down
bank holiday
Reduced government salaries & veterans' pensions
Economy Act
Created the FDIC
Glass-Stegall Act
stock market enforcer
Securities Exchange Commission
Repealed Prohibition
21st Amendment
This board resulted in farmer subsidies and intentional destruction of livestock
Agricultural Adjustment Administration
The new face of the AAA
Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act
Extended power grids to rural areas
Rural Electrification Administration
Headed NRA
Hugh Johnson
set prices in their respective industry
business associations
Set up a "blanket code" of business and started public works projects
National Industrial Recovery Act
Led the Four Horsemen
James McReynolds
"The Sick Chicken Case"
Schecter Brothers v. The USA (1935)
This plan allowed Supreme Court justices to retire at age 70 or a new justice could be added to "help" them; failed to become law
court-packing
Provided electricity, jobs, and tourism/recreation; pure government economic planning
Tennessee Valley Authority
Federal government paid cash grants to support state relief programs
Federal Emergency Relief Administration
Allowed men, mostly from cities, to work on nature projects
Civilian Conservation Corps
Restructured farmers' loans
Farm Credit Administration
Restructured home owners' mortgages
Home Owners Loan Corporation
Wanted $200 pensions for the elderly
Dr. Francis Townsend
"The Radio Preacher"
Father Charles Coughlin
"Share Our Wealth" plan
Huey Long
Created the National Labor Relations board and forced employers to bargain with unions
Wagner Act
government pension system
Social Security Act
Created hundreds of thousands of jobs and built/renovated public buildings
Works Projects Administration
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