Ch 20 Terms (Africa and the Africans in the Age of the Atlantic Slave Trade) Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Portuguese trading fortresses and compounds with resident merchants; utilized throughout Portuguese trading empire to assure secure landing places and commerce
Nzinga Mvemba
King of Kongo south of Zaire River from 1507 to 1543; converted to Christianity and took title of Alfonso I; under Portuguese influence attempted to Christianize all of kingdom
Indies piece
Term utilized within the complex exchange system established by the Spanish for African trade; referred to the value of an adult male slave
Osei Tutu
Member of Oyoko clan of Akan peoples in Gold Coast region of Africa; responsible for creating unified Asante Empire; utilized Western firearms
Nilotic people who migrated from Upper Nile valley; established dynasty among existing Bantu population in lake region of central eastern Africa; center at Bunyoro
Ruler and reformer of Nguni peoples after 1818; reformed loose forces into regiments organized by lineage and age; created Zulu chiefdom that began to absorb or destroy its neighbors in southern Africa
Southern African state that survived mfecane; not based on Zulu model; less emphasis on military organization, less authoritarian government
creole slaves
American-born descendants of "salt water" slaves; result of sexual exploitation of slave women or process of miscegenation
African religious ideas and practices among descendants of African slaves in Haïti
Runaway slaves who gathered in mountainous, forested, or swampy areas and formed their own self-governing communities; raided plantations for supplies; had military skills from Africa
El Mina
Most important of early Portuguese trading factories in forest zone of Africa
Portuguese factory established in 1520s south of Kongo; became basis for Portuguese colony of Angola
triangular trade
Commerce linking Africa, the New World colonies, and Europe; slaves carried to America for sugar and tobacco transported to Europe
Title taken by ruler of Asante Empire; supreme civil and religious leader; authority symbolized by golden stool
Pastoral people of western Sudan; adopted purifying Sufi variant of Islam; under Usuman Dan Fodio in 1804, launched revolt against Hausa kingdoms; established state centered on Sokoto
Wars of 19th century in southern Africa; created by Zulu expansion under Shaka; revolutionized political organization of southern Africa
Middle Passage
Slave voyage from Africa to the Americas (16th—18th centuries); generally a traumatic experience for black slaves, although it failed to strip Africans of their culture
African religious ideas and practices in the English and French Caribbean islands
Kingdom of runaway slaves with a population of 8,000 to 10,000 people; located in Brazil during the 17th century; leadership was Angolan
William Wilberforce
British statesman and reformer; leader of abolitionist movement in English parliament; led abolition of English slave trade in 1807
Collection points for Portuguese trade in the interior of Africa; provided essential links between economies of African interior and factories on the coast
Royal African Company
Chartered in 1660s to establish a monopoly over the slave trade among British merchants; supplied African slaves to colonies in Barbados, Jamaica, and Virginia
African kingdom established in Gold Coast among Akan people settled around Kumasi; dominated by Oyoko clan; many clans linked under Osei Tutu after 1650
Kingdom developed among Fon or Aja peoples in 17th century; center at Abomey 70 miles from coast; under King Agaja expanded to control coastline and port of Whydah by 1727; accepted Western firearms and goods in return for African slaves
Great Trek
Movement of Boer settlers in Cape Colony of southern Africa to escape influence of British colonial government in 1834; led to settlement of regions north of Orange River and Natal
New African state formed on model of Zulu chiefdom; survived mfecane
salt-water slaves
Slaves transported from Africa; almost invariably black
African religious ideas and practices in Brazil, particularly among the Yoruba people
Formerly a Dutch plantation colony on the coast of South America; location of runaway slave kingdom in 18th century; able to retain independence despite attempts to crush guerrilla resistance
/ 29

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})


{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online