Japanese grammar collection extended Flashcards

Terms Definitions
おかげで [おかげで]
thanks to/
くらい [くらい]
about, as/
最中に [さいちゅうに]
right in the middle of/
て以来 [ていらい]
since; ever since; from here on/
に反して [にはんして]
against, contrary to/
くせに [くせに]
although, despite/
にもかかわらず [にもかかわらず]
despite; though; although; in spite of/
結果 [けっか]
as a result of/
にとって [にとって]
to; for/
上で [うえで]
upon, after/
のもとで [のもとで]
based on, under/
につき [につき]
a, per, each/
に限って [にかぎって]
of all the ... / especially / only / just/
に過ぎない [にすぎない]
nothing more than/
はもとより [はもとより]
to begin with ... and also .../
から~にかけて [から~にかけて]
from ... until/
のみならず [のみならず]
not only, but also.../
一方だ [いっぽうだ]
increasing tendency/
きり []
just, only/
に加えて [にくわえて]
in addition to/
だけのことはある [だけのことはある]
is surely because ~; not surprising that ~; It was worth ~/
ないことには [ないことには]
if (it's) not; unless/
~ことか [~ことか]
a lot/
ことだから [ことだから]
as always/
事無く [ことなく]
だけ [だけ]
1) just, only, simply, merely; 2) as much as X wants/like/can (whatever, anything)/
~こそ [~こそ]
this, especially (emphasis),very/
~際 [~さい]
~しかない [~しかない]
no alternative, no option but to.../
~次第で [~しだいで]
depending on/
まいか [まいか]
will not [expresses a little uncertainty]/
にきまっている [にきまっている]
(It's been) decided; expected; definitely/
かと思うと [かとおもうと]
as soon as I noticed, almost immediately/
としたら、とすれば、とすると [としたら、とすれば、とすると]
if one did; if one were to/
ばかりか [ばかりか]
not just, but also/
~ほど [~ほど]
the more... the more... as along with/
向き [むき]
for, facing, toward, aimed at/
ぬく [ぬく]
completely; until the end/
~ものなら [~ものなら]
if .. is possible, then.../
~ようがない [~ようがない]
no way to/
て形からでないと; て形からでなければ [てからでないと; てからでなければ]
If I don't ~, I can't ~; I can't ~ unless I ~./
てならない [てならない]
Cannot help -ing; Unbearably; Irresistibly/
~ことに 「は」 [~ことに 「は」]
Very; Quite; The ~ thing is that..../
きり [きり ]
just, for good, once and for all (keeps on same state)/
ほかない [ほかない]
nothing else to do but.../
からといって [からといって]
just because/
抜き [ぬき]
うちに [うちに]
before ... (something bad happens); while ... still (being OK), while (state still continue) and before the state is finished/
ことはない [ことはない]
no need to/
~ものがある [~ものがある]
there is such a thing (essence), feels like/
~につき [~につき]
due to/
~にしたら [~にしたら]
if (one had) ~'s perspective/
~さえ~ば [~さえ~ば]
If ~ just If ~ only/
に限らず [にかぎらず]
not just, limited to/
気が付いた [きがついた]
I realized/
通じて [つうじて]
through, by/
~んです [~んです]
explain causes, reasons, grounds/
かえって [かえって]
on the contrary/
というもの [というもの]
that thing called/
~としても [~としても]
even if; assuming/
といっても [といっても]
た形ところ [たところ]
just as I'd, right at the moment when I'd/
にかけては, にかけても [にかけては, にかけても]
regarding, about, concerning/
にとっての [にとっての]
to; for/
もので [もので]
because of (that thing)/
一方 [いっぽう]
on the other hand, on the other side, one-way/
一方では [いっぽうでは]
on the one hand . . . [can also mean "on the other hand"]/
に相違ない [にそういない]
definitely; without a doubt/
~まい [~まい]
won't (do something)/
~まい [~まい]
probably won't/
も~ば [も~ば]
にする [にする]
to make./
有りえる [ありえる]
To be possible, to be conceivable/
まいか [まいか]
won't you?/
~まい [~まい]
Don't do ~/
あまり + 動詞(否定形) [あまり~ない]
not very, not much/
得る [える]
to get, to win, to be possible/
ありうる [ありうる]
to be possible, to be likely/
~につけ [~につけ]
each time, whenever, either way/
ものだ [ものだ]
(thing) you know? isn't it?/
せんがため [せんがため]
In order to do/
あればこそ [あればこそ]
particularly thanks to/
かのごとく [かのごとく]
as if/
丸で [まるで]
as if, practically/
からして [からして]
(1)Even; (2)Given, (Judging) From/By/
に当たって; に当たり [にあたって; にあたり]
on the occasion of; at; in; before; prior to/
に際して [にさいして]
when; on the occasion of; at (the time of); in; upon (doing something)/
~時 [~とき]
と共に [とともに]
as well as; with; along with; at the same time; when; as; while/
とは限らない [とはかぎらない]
not always, not necessarily/
にわたって [にわたって]
over; span(ning)/
に対して [にたいして]
toward; to; in contrast to; whereas; in regard to; in; per/
前に [まえに]
before [action]/
に於いて [において]
at/on/in this case/
みせる [みせる]
am determined to/
ないではいられない [ないではいられない]
cannot help but, cannot stop doing/
みせる [みせる]
to show/
なりに [なりに]
in one's own way, one's own style/
て初めて [てはじめて]
not until, only after/
てしょうがない; てたまらない [てしょうがない; てたまらない]
Can't help but ~; Extremely ~; Very ~/
とする [とする]
assume, regard X as ~ , suppose/
途端(に) [とたん(に)]
as soon as, the instant/
わけではない [わけではない]
It does not (necessarily) mean that ~; I don't mean that ~; It is not (true) that ~; It is not the case that ~/
にほかならない [にほかならない]
nothing but; merely; none other than/
のに [のに]
in order to, to/
のに [のに]
からには [からには]
so long as, since/
がする [がする]
to affect the senses (to taste, to smell of, to feel like, to give the sensation of etc.)/
については [については]
As for ~ concerning ~/
恐れがある [おそれがある]
worry about, there is a possibility, there is fear that/
~だ [~だ]
The 'copula' : expresses conditions. X is Y./
~の [~の]
's, of/
~も [~も]
下さい [ください]
これ、それ、あれ [これ、それ、あれ]
this, that and the other./
として [として]
as; in the capacity of/
~る 所 です でした [~る ところ です/でした]
/I am about to / I was about to/
居る [いる]
Is (animate)/
~・ [00.03]
Basic Grammar Terms/
~て [~て]
([verb]-te, connects two sentences)/
~・ [~・]
Introduction to Verb Conjugation/
からすると [からすると]
from, you can judge, based on/
[in progress] [~・]
Ichidan verbs/
ということだ [ということだ]
it must mean, it boils down to/
必ずしも [かならずしも]
not necessarily/
かと思うと [かとおもうと]
When I think it may/
~も [~も]
(with -ve) neither ... nor , also not, either/
いくら [いくら]
how much/
~で [~で]
by means of, by, [action] at a place/
~に [~に]
(location marker, time marker, direction marker)/
~ね [~ね]
isn't it?/
~何 [なに]
~御 [ご、お]
(honorific) respected-___/
ものですから [ものですから]
みたい [みたい]
looks like/
~風 [ふう]
~な [~な]
(particle used by na-adjectives)/
なる [なる]
Used much like the な of na-adjectives - somewhat archaic./
~の [~の]
Turn a phrase ending in a verb into a 'noun phrase'/
たび、たびに [たび、たびに]
each time, every time, whenever/
に伴って [にともなって]
as; in proportion to; with/
にする [にする]
To decide on, to choose/
可能性 [かのうせい]
Existence of possibility/
なあ、な~、な [なあ、な~、な]
(Adds emphasis - sentence ending particle)/
なさい [なさい]
Please ____ (request form)/
~に [~に]
to, from (indirect object marker)/
~は [~は]
'ha (wa)' used to indicate contrast/
そう [そう]
I hear that/
がたい [がたい]
Vm, ~ difficult to/
~げ [~げ]
Ab, seems (~そう)/
気味 [ぎみ]
Vm、N slight tendency toward, seems like/
以上 [いじょう]
Vru, since; now that; once; as long as/
かねない [かねない]
Vm, capable of (a bad thing)/
以上 [いじょう]
exceeding, above/
~上 [じょう]
point of view/
上で [じょうで]
N, On/
べきだ [べきだ]
V, ought to, must/
っこない [っこない]
Vpm, impossible to/
そう [そう]
Vm, Looks like/
になる [になる]
To become/
~か [~か]
whether, the question of (sub sentence question)/
どうして [どうして]
why?, what for?/
がり [がり]
Vm, tend to, sensitive to/
ものだ [ものだ]
a thing that, the thing/
つつ [つつ]
Vm, -ing/
~な [~な]
Vru, (negative command - sentence ending particle)/
ながら [ながら]
Vm, despite while, although/
だらけ [だらけ]
covered with; littered with; infested with/
~かい [~ かい]
? (for casual questions)/
~だい [~だい]
? (for casual questions)/
たとえ [たとえ-ても]
even if/
しまう [しまう]
Vte, (Definitely, completely [often to ones regret] do V)/
まで [まで]
till, to/
~ては [~て は]
Vte, (te-form verb + contrastative ha wa)/
少し [すこし]
a bit.../
けれども [けれども]
but, however/
~が [~が]
でも [でも]
しかし [しかし]
However, but/
からすると [からすると]
from (the point of view)/
たら [たら]
if, when (verb form)/
条件形 [えば]
である [である]
To be, is (formal equivalent of だ [da])/
する [する]
to do (irregular verb)/
~の [~の]
? (sentence ending particle - question) [F]/
じゅう/ちゅう [じゅう/ちゅう]
throughout, through, during all/
ないことは(も)ない [ないことは(も)ない]
it isn't the case that ~ not ~; it is not that ~ not ~/
~かな [~かな]
I wonder.. (Based on か question particle.)/
ずもがな(=無くもがな ) [ずもがな]
Vn, As well not to ~/
~よ [~よ]
! (exclamation mark, add emphasis, denote new information being imparted)/
~は [~は]
'topic marker' (also shown as 'wa')/
~が [~が]
(subject marker)/
が欲しい [がほしい]
N, to want something (desirative)/
たい [たい]
Vm, wanting to do ___/
ように言う [ようにいう]
V, To say to (do something)/
ように~て [ように~て]
V, asking someone to ask someone else to do something (indirect order)/
ようにする [ようにする]
V, try to/
~を [~を]
'object marker' (also shown as 'o') 目的/
~を [~を]
area passed through (通過点)/
~を [~を]
(marks point of departure) 出発点/
を込めて [をこめて]
[Verb Phrase] with all your [Noun Phrase]/
~か [~か]
? (basic question particle)/
~わ [~わ]
(adds emphasis) [female]/
つつある [つつある]
Vm, middle of doing...、continues to/
~へ [~へ]
indicates direction of verb. Also pronounced 'e'/
べき [べき]
should do Vru/
なら [なら]
~訳 [わけ]
meaning; reason; circumstances/
~ている [~ている]
Vte (Continuing states, experience, repetative events)/ doing currently/
~てある [~てある]
Vte something has been purposely put into a state/
方が [ほうが]
(often it'd be better to do __) Such-and-such an option is something/
より [より]
more ____/
より [より]
than, rather than/
意向形ではないか [~ようではないか]
why don't we/
~な [~な]
Vm na (positive command - sentence ending particle)/
ことになっている [ことになっている]
became a rule; been decided that; expected to; supposed to/
精一杯 [せいいっぱい]
as hard as possible/
続ける [つづける]
keep on doing .../
かけた [かけた]
started but not finished/
に基づいて [にもとづいて]
based (up)on/
かどうかのうちに [かどうかのうちに]
just at the time when/
ざるをえない [ざるをえない]
can't avoid doing x/
~末に [~すえに]
in the end, result/
という風に [というふうに]
in that way/
てたまらない [てたまらない]
be dying to do something, to feel X strongly, can't help it.../
ばかりに [ばかりに]
because (of a negative thing)/
限り [かぎり]
as far as, as long as, until, unless/
むしろ [むしろ]
まさか [まさか]
貰う [もらう]
have someone do something for you/
せっかく [せっかく]
with effort/
らしい [らしい]
seem, look like, apparently, I heard/
だろう [だろう]
I guess, wonder, probably, isn't it?/
切る [きる]
よう [よう]
appearance, looks, seems/
ところで [ところで]
by the way/
って [って]
...said; no matter what/
~はさておき [~はさておき]
leaving aside, aside from/
合う [あう]
Vm, verb~together, mutually/
儚い [はかない]
vain; hopeless/
ところ [ところ]
place, time, occasion/
をはじめ [をはじめ]
not only, but also starting with/
かどうか [かどうか]
whether, if/
わりに [わりに]
considering ..., for .../
きっかけに [きっかけに]
Since; Take the opportunity afforded by ~ to ~/
どころではない、どころではなく [どころではない、どころではなく]
not at all; far from; anything but; out of the question/
とにかく [とにかく]
in any case, anyway/
ことに~ [ことに~]
I decided, it was decided, it is a rule/
ことになる [ことになる]
To be decided, to be arranged/
ついでに [ついでに]
while doing A, I had a chance to do B, since doing A anyway, do B/
を契機に [をけいきに]
on the opportunity of/
よう・そう・らしい・聞いた [よう・そう・らしい・聞いた]
looks like or seems like/
ついでに・を契機に・をきっかけに [ついでに・をきっかけに]
while doing A, do B/
かわる [かわる]
instead of / in place of/
名詞が名詞に代わって [めいしがめいしにかわって]
use Nounに instead of Nounが/
代わりに [かわりに]
to make up for, in exchange for/
ある [ある]
is (inanimate)/
~れる・~られる [~れる・~られる]
passive verb ending/
せいぜい [せいぜい]
my utmost, at most/
せめて [せめて]
at least, at most a small thing/
さすが [さすが]
as expected, after all/
ふと [ふと]
suddenly, by coincidence/
つい [つい]
without thinking, despite myself/
うっかり [うっかり]
carelessly, without thinking/
かんじ [かんじ]
Writing system based on ancient chinese pictographs/
にとって・として・の上で・からいうと・から見ると [にとって・として・の上で・からいうと・から見ると]
from the point of view, based on/
わりに・にしては・向きに [わりに・にしては・向きに]
ように・とおりに・を中心に・に沿って・をもとにして [ように・とおりに・を中心に・に沿って・をもとにして]
as, along with, like/
に即して [にそくして]
in line with, in keeping with/
というより [というより]
rather, more than/
果たして [はたして]
really, as was expected/
によって・次第で・いかんで [によって・次第で・いかんで]
depending on, according to/
を問わず・にかかわらず・もかまわず [を問わず・にかかわらず・もかまわず]
ignoring, leaving aside/
だけあって [だけあって]
because, as expected (used for positive things)/
だけに [だけに]
as expected, after all/
における・おいて [における・おいて]
at, in, as for/
はともかく [はともかく]
leaving A aside, A is good, but B is another thing/
に従って; に従い [にしたがって; にしたがい]
following; in accordance with; as ~, accordingly; in proportion to/
によると [によると]
according to/
に応じて、に応じた [におうじて]
commensurate with, accordance with, depending on/
によって [によって]
depending on/
条件形~ほど [ば~ほど]
the more +V(+A), the more .../
挙げ句 [あげく]
in the end, afterall/
に相当する [にそうとうする]
かろうじて [かろうじて]
か~ないかのうちに [か~ないかのうちに]
just as, at that instant/
こんな [こんな]
such; this; like this; such.....as this; of this kind/
~にしても [~にしても]
even for/
どうやら [どうやら]
it seems, apparently, somehow/
どうも [どうも]
apparently, naturally/
かかわらず [かかわらず]
Regardless of/
いかん [いかん]
based on/
ように [ように]
メールを初めて []
ways to start a business email/
契約について []
relating contracts, modifications/
メールの内容について []
regarding this email/
時間に関して []
schedule, dates, deadlines/
交渉 []
getting the right terms/
相談 [~・]
Making requests (~ください、~ちょうだい、~なさい、command form)/
自己紹介 []
self introduction/
結語 []
closing an email/
色々 [いろいろ]
other stuff/
納入や出荷遅延の苦情 []
sorry its late!/
謝罪 [はい]
友達について []
all you need is.../
挨拶 []
casual intros/
終わる []
closing a social email/
招待 []
casual invitation to party/
本について []
I like to read/
昼飯 []
おめでとう! []
well done!/
コーヒー []
I like mine black/
結果 []
仕様 []
we want 10 of the red ones/
お礼 []
thanks for your help/
注文 []
thanks for your order/
カタログ []
here is our catalog/
お問い合わせ []
making and responding to inquiries/
紹介した際 []
introducing your company/
仕事について []
I wear a uniform at work/
略語 []
添付 []
I'm attaching the presentation/
納品 []
sending the goods/
いかに~ても [いかに~ても]
no matter how/
一度~たら [いちど~たら]
今さら~たところで [いまさら~たところで]
it's already too late/
いかにも [いかにも]
seems (but is not); indeed/
今から思えば [いまからおもえば]
Looking back on it now/
これ以上~ば [これいじょう~ば]
if ~ any more than this/
どんな [どんな]
Whatever; whoever, etc./
いかなる~でも [いかなる~でも]
whatever ~/
敬語 [けいご]
basic keigo/
招待 [招待]
please join us/
たり する form [V stem+たり]
doing things like V+ing/
なるべく [なるべく]
as much, fast~ as possible/
質問 [質問]
put your questions in this category!/
やっぱり(やはり) [やっぱり(やはり)]
As I thought; after all/
~をものともせずに [~をものともせずに]
In the face of, in defiance of/
も~ば~も [も~ば~も]
not only, but also/
よもや [よもや]
surely not/
気がする [きがする]
to feel, realize/
days of the month/
くらい~はない [くらい~はない]
A is the most B thing. There is not a more B thing than A is./
て形くる [~てくる]
Vte go, do something, and return/
~為 [ため]
In order to, because of, for/
うちに [うちに]
while; during; as/
を聞いた [をきいた]
I heard/
致します [いたします]
do (humble)/
頂く [いただく]
to receive (polite)/
致す [いたす]
to do (humble)/
と言うと [というと]
when you talk of, speaking of, when you say/
feedback [feedback]
から [から・ので・]
~筈 [はず]
it should be so/
上は [うえは]
since when/
ところに、ところへ、ところを [ところに、ところへ、ところを]
(Just) when/
~ものだから [~ものだから]
so, therefore (explaining something unavoidable)/
~もかまわず [~もかまわず]
dont mind, dont care about/
リンク集 [リンク集]
Related cool sites/
今ごろになって ~も [いまごろになって ~も]
it's already too late/
展示会 [展示会]
an exhibition of software/
がる [がる]
Ab ~seems (of somebody else's emotions & desires)/
~ず [~ず]
Without (doing)/
どうせ [どうせ]
after all; eventually; at best/
~ものの [~ものの]
読み始めた [はじめた]
started to/
~もん [~もん]
Used to reply dissatisfaction in very casual speech/
に応えて [にこたえて]
in response to/
せる・させる [せる・させる]
make, let (someone do something)/
しか [しか]
but, only/
なし [なし]
会社紹介 []
we are #1 in our field/
頂きます [いただきます]
to receive/
かけだ・かけの・かける [かけだ・かけの・かける]
in the middle of; not yet finished V-ing/
くらいなら~~ほうがいい [くらいなら~~ほうがいい]
Show a strong feeling of opposition./
としては [としては]
あっての [あっての]
Thanks to (various things), (outcome)/
極まりない 極まる [きわまりない/ きわまる]
/unlimited, extremely, boundlessly/
から [から]
ので [ので]
because, and/
feedback on the flash quiz/
得る [うる]
able to do/
そのとき [際して・時]
at the time/
いかんによらず [いかんによらず]
without regard to/
にしろ; にせよ [にしろ; にせよ]
Even though; Even if; Whether ~ or ~; Whether or not/
~までもない [~までもない]
It's not necessary (to bother) to; do not have to;/
がち [がち]
tend to/
~が最後 [~がさいご]
Once someone starts something, the person can't stop it./
~べく [~べく]
For the purpose of; To ____, In order to/
~だけの [~だけの]
As much as; As fast as; To the extent of./
~であれ [~であれ]
No matter what; Even if; No matter how/
~だに [~だに]
Even; just/
なので [なので]
によって [によって]
by; according to; due to; owing to; due to/
まみれ (塗れ) [まにれ]
covered in st (名詞+に+まみれる); (名詞+まみれ)/
にかかわる [にかかわる]
affects; relates to; a matter of/
やまない [やまない]
not to stop/
を問わず [をとわず]
regardles (of)/
をもとにして [をもとにして]
based on/
をもとに [をもとに]
on basis of/
はもちろん [はもちろん]
not to mention; not only, but also;/
はかどる [はかどる]
Make progress/
がてら [がてら]
while doing something/
兼ねる [かねる]
hesitate to, cannot, hard to do/
ようではないか [ようではないか]
doesn't it seem ~ ?/
ように [ように]
in order to/
から [から]
からいうと [からいうと]
from the standpoint of/
から見ると [からみると]
seen from the point of view/
通り [とおり]
in that way/
ことだ [ことだ]
かたわら [かたわら]
かわりに [かわりに]
in place of; instead of/
~っけ [~っけ]
~?, like か/
かたがた [かたがた]
at the same time, incidentally/
ながらに [ながらに]
なくして [なくして]
If it wasn't for.../
ならでは [ならでは]
but, except, without, but for/
に至って [に至って]
very; very much; greatly; extremely./
~にしては [~にしては]
even though (it is) ; for/
~極まる [~きわまる]
Extremely; The height of...; Knows no bounds. Always has a negative meaning./
かわきりに [かわきりに]
beginning of, starting with/
を中心に [をちゅうしんに]
center on, in the middle of/
に至る [にいたる]
leads to, all the way to, as far as/
たかだか [たかだか]
At most/
上に [うえに]
moreover; what's more; additionally; not only/
にもまして [にもまして]
above everything; more than before/
~に比べて [~にくらべて]
compared to/
~始める [~はじめる]
to begin/start VERB-ing/
させる [させる]
make, let someone do something/
や否や [やいなや]
just as soon as/
さえ [さえ]
even; only; just/
について [について]
regarding, about/
をめぐって [をめぐって]
次第 [しだい]
as soon as; depending on/
文法形 [文法形]
grammar types/
あげる [あげる]
to do something for someone else/
~など [~など]
and etc./
ばかりに [ばかりに]
as if to/
~ずにはいられない [~ずにはいられない]
cannot help/
かのようだ [かのようだ]
like, as if (metaphor)/
なしに [なしに]
~ことから [~ことから]
ものか [ものか]
absolutely not.../
にあって [にあって]
being in/due to/suited to/
に あたらない [に あたらない]
no need to do st/
~にかたくない [~にかたくない]
not hard to ...(名詞+にかたくない/ Vる+にかたくない)/
~にして [~にして]
only; because of that/
~にたえる [~にたえる]
has value; it is worth doing/
~にたえない [~にたえない]
cannot stand; cannot do; no value to/
~に足る [~に足る]
is plenty; has value/
にひきかえ [にひきかえ]
in contrast with; compared to/
~の至り [~のいたり]
completely; utmost/
~はおろか [~はおろか]
not to mention; of course A but also B; let alone B/
~それまでだ [~それまでだ]
Conveys the idea that if something occurs, then a bad end is reached./
ひとり~だけでなく [ひとり~だけでなく]
~べからず [~べからず]
must not/
~べからざる [~べからざる]
must not; cannot/
~まじき [~まじき]
not likely/
会議 []
setting up meeting times/
~に沿って [~にそって]
go along with; in line with/
どころか [どころか]
far from A, in fact B; not just; even/
おく [おく]
to do it in advance OR to leave it in the current state expecting a later change/
に先立って; に先立つ [にさきだって; にさきだつ]
before; preceeding; prior to/
兼ねて [かねて]
combine with/
きんじえない [きんじえない]
can't help feeling/
につれて [につれて]
as; in proportion to; with/
であろうと [であろうと]
No matter what; Even if; No matter how/
~がはやいか [~がはやいか]
as soon as/
~でなくてなんだろう [~でなくてなんだろう]
If thats not ... I don't know what is/
~と [~と]
(on when) doing, if/
の余り [のあまり]
because of too much/
に依存 [にいぞん]
depending on, relying on/
ながらも [ながらも]
even while, even though, as she was/
だした [だした]
Began/Begun, Started/
のみ [のみ]
邪魔する []
hey, do you have a sec?/
で・に・前 []
time and place prepositions/
フィードバック [フィードバック]
Please offer feedback on the new site (design, functionality, etc.)/
五段動詞ー特例 [ごだんどうしーとくれい]
A list of -eru and -iru verbs that conjugate as Group 1/
もしもし [もしもし]
hello(on the phone)/
行き方 [いきかた]
how to get give directions/
するべき・ほうが良い・しなければならない [するべき・ほうがよい・しなければならない]
you should/
関係 [かんけい]
relationship, relation (between/to)/
て形しまう [てしまう]
そうすると [そうすると]
That means, If that's the case, etc/
にくい [にくい]
Is diffcult to do/
竜 [りゅう] /dragon/
Addressing People [¨
A] /addressing yourself and others in conversation/
~・ [~・]
Tae Kim's Guide to Japanese Grammar/
形容詞 [けいようし]
~・ [~・]
Advanced Topics/
~・ [~・]
Basic Grammatical Structures/
~・ [~・]
Compound Sentences/
~・ [~・]
Conditional Expressions/
~・ [~・]
Subordinate Clauses/
~・ [~・]
Desire and Suggestions/
~・ [~・]
Grammar you must know/
~・ [~・]
Expressing various degrees of amounts/
~・ [~・]
Things that must be done (or not)/
~・ [~・]
Declaring something is so and so using 「だ」/
~・ [~・]
Expressing the minimum expectation/
~・ [~・]
Expressing time-specific actions/
~・ [~・]
Expressing various levels of certainty (かもしれない、でしょう、だろう)/
~・ [~・]
Formal Expressions (である、ではない)/
授受 [じゅじゅ]
Giving and Receiving (あげる、やる、くれる、もらう)/
ひらがな [~・]
Hiragana is the basic Japanese phonetic alphabet./
~・ [~・]
Honorific and Humble Forms/
~・ [~・]
Hypothesizing and Concluding (わけ、~とする)/
~・ [~・]
An introduction to Tae Kim's guide to Japanese grammar/
~・ [~・]
Introduction to Particles (は、も、が)/
~・ [~・]
Leaving something the way it is (まま、っぱなし)/
~・ [~・]
More negative verbs (ないで、ず、~ん、ぬ)/
~・ [~・]
Negative Verbs/
~・ [~・]
Noun-related Particles (と、や、とか、の)/
~・ [~・]
Numbers and Counting/
~・ [~・]
Other uses of the te-form (~ている、~てある、~ておく、~ていく、~てくる)/
~・ [~・]
Particles used with verbs (を、に、へ、で)/
~・ [~・]
Past Tense/
~・ [~・]
Performing an action on a subordinate clause (と、って)/
~・ [~・]
Polite Form and Verb Stems (~です、~ます)/
~・ [~・]
Potential Form/
~・ [~・]
The Question Marker (か)/
~・ [~・]
Saying something is easy or difficult to do (~やすい、~にくい)/
~・ [~・]
Special Expressions/
~・ [~・]
Special expressions with generic nouns (こと、ところ、もの)/
~・ [~・]
Things that happen unintentionally (~てしまう、~ちゃう/~じゃう)/
~・ [~・]
Transitive and Intransitive Verbs/
~・ [~・]
Trying something out or attempting to do something (~てみる、volitional+とする)/
~・ [~・]
Using Adverbs and Gobi/
~・ [~・]
Using する and なる with the に particle (~[のよう]になる/する)/
~・ [~・]
Using 方 and よる for comparisons and other functions (より、の方、stem+方、によって、によると)/
~・ [~・]
Various ways to express similarity and hearsay (よう、~みたい、~そう、~そうだ、~らしい、~っぽい)/
~・ [~・]
Verb Basics/
~・ [~・]
Wrapping up section 4 and more gobi/
The Japanese Writing System/
カタカナ [~・]
ごくりゅうは [ごくりゅうは]
Hell's Dragon/
ひゃ気 [ひゃ気]
Evil Energy/
さや [さや]
できるだけ [できるだけ]
as soon/early as possible/
に等しい [にひとしい]
equivalent to/
なんとなく [なんとなく]
Vaguely, somehow/
どことなく [どことなく]
Vaguely; in some manner/
どちらかといえば [どちらかといえば]
If I had my druthers/
少しも~ない [少しも~ない]
not at all/
新規サイトコメントを教えて! [~・]
~反面 [~はんめん]
on the other hand/
予定 [よてい]
be planning to do~/
積もり [つもり]
One's intention; conviction; belief/
でなくては [でなくては]
if not.. then noone/
ばかり [ばかり]
just (just recently)/
それで [それで]
and then, after that; Due to that/
それっきり [それっきり]
Since, since then/
其れが [それが]
Despite that/
のことだから [のことだから]
as usual for/
めく [めく]
like / ish/
~をおいて [~をおいて]
apart from/leaving aside/
をもって [をもって]
based on/
~なのに [~なのに]
for (contrasting)/
だからこそ [だからこそ]
(just) because of/
の極み [のきわみ]
the utmost/
~ともなく [~ともなく]
Without really planning to, ~/
ひとつとっても [ひとつとっても]
One example being, for example/
は言うまでもなく [はいうまでもなく]
goes without saying/not to mention/
~し [~し]
馬鹿 [ばか]
stupid person/
であろう [であろう]
I guess, wonder, probably, isn't it?/
bakari [ばかり]
have just done something; have just finished doing something'/
あの [あの]
ようになる [ようになる]
Indicates a change which has taken place or will take place./
youninaru [ようになる]
indicates a change which has taken place or will take place/
到底 [とうてい]
(can't) possibly / very much/
~(で)すら [~(で)すら]
just / even if/
比べものにならない [くらべものにならない]
there is no point comparing..../
きっかけ [きっかけ]
攻めに [ぜめに]
ごとき・ごとく [ごとき・ごとく]
Like, As if/
始末だ [しまつだ]
Unfortunately, (it has become ~)/
~尽くめ [~ずくめ]
Full of / A lot of/
たりとも [たりとも]
Even only / Even merely / Even just/
~っぱなし [~っぱなし]
Keep ~ing / To leave ~/
ってば [ってば]
emphasize speakers emotion/desire/will/
~中に、~上に、~下に、など [~なかに、~うえに、~したに、など]
Talking about relative location of an object/
や否や [やいなや]
As soon as, had hardly... when/
せねばならない [せねばならない]
Have to, feel obliged to/
ましてや [ましてや]
Let alone, still, much less/
染まる [そまる]
to dye/
意向形と思う [(しよう)とおもう]
I think I will (do)/
ものを [ものを]
But...! / But If (you) had just... / But (I) could have.../
をよそに [をよそに]
Without consideration for... / Despite... / Without thinking.../
なり [なり]
As soon as/
まるで [まるで]
completely, entirely/
た形ところで [たところで]
even if you do... it will not result to../
さながら [さながら]
Just like/
っぽい [っぽい]
desu [da / desu] /is, am, are/
desu [desu]
is, am, are/
大きい [おおきい]
using adjectives/
い形容詞変化 [いけいようしへんか]
How to conjugate regular adjectives ending in "i"./
akarui [akarui]
すぎる [すぎる]
too; too much; excessively/
~たい [~たい]
I want to (verb)/
~なぁ [~なぁ]
Emphasizes personal desires/
ような気がする [ようなきがする]
It's like it could be.../
~からこそ [~からこそ]
especially because (non-intuitive nuance)/
きらいがある [きらいがある]
there is a tendency for ~ to happen (and it is somewhat bad and/or a cause for concern)/
漢字写真 [かんじしゃしん]
a tool to look up photos based on kanji/
~そびれる [~そびれる]
Fail to ~/
なり [なり]
expresses continuing state/
もさることながら [もさることながら]
is (such) but (____) is also/
~こなす [~こなす]
have the knack to deal with something; completely/
たものだ [たものだ]
used to/
ならいざ知らず [ならいざしらず]
I'm not sure if it is [possible/so] but.../
に違いない [にちがいない]
no mistake...definitely/
ようもない [ようもない]
there's no way/
ならともかく [ならともかく]
I'm not sure if it is [possible/so] but.../
わけには いかない [わけには いかない]
cannot; have no other choice but/
わけがない、わけはない [わけがない、わけはない]
There is no reason (as to) why ~; It is impossible (for) ~; cannot/
まさかの~ [まさかの~]
If unexpectedly there is anything , ~/
まして~はずがない [まして~はずがない]
it is even more unlikely that ~/
て見る [てみる]
to try/
~てはいられない・~てばかりはいられない [~てはいられない・~てばかりはいられない]
can't / can't afford ~(doing something)/
ずに [ずに]
~もの [~もの]
because, should, like to/
せいにする [せいにする]
Put blame on/
~ようとする [~ようとする]
Try to do something, but the nuance is that it was unsuccessful./
~からして [~からして]
starting from/
ひらがな Practice Exercises [~・]
ひらがな Practice Exercises-/
カタカナ Practice Exercises [~・]
カタカナ Practice Exercises/
State-of-Being Practice Exercises [~・]
State-of-Being Practice Exercises/
「は、も、が」 Particle Exercises [~・]
「は、も、が」 Particle Exercises/
Adjective Practice Exercises [~・]
Adjective Practice Exercises/
Things that should be a certain way [(はず、べき、べく、べからず)]
Things that should be a certain way (はず、べき、べく、べからず)/
Showing signs of something [~がる、ばかり、~めく]
Showing signs of something (~がる、ばかり、~めく)/
Expressions of non-feasibility [~ざるを得ない、やむを得ない、~かねる]
Formal expressions of non-feasibility (~ざるを得ない、やむを得ない、~かねる)/
Tendencies [~がち、~つつ、きらいがある]
Tendencies (~がち、~つつ、きらいがある)/
Advanced Volitional [まい、であろう、かろう]
Advanced Volitional (まい、であろう、かろう)/
Covered by something [だらけ、まみれ、ずくめ]
Covered by something (だらけ、まみれ、ずくめ)/
Advanced proximity of actions [が早いか、や否や、そばから]
Advanced proximity of actions (が早いか、や否や、そばから)/
Some Other Grammar [思いきや、がてら、あげく]
Some Other Grammar (思いきや、がてら、あげく)/
Casual Patterns and Slang [~・]
Casual Patterns and Slang/
Kansai Dialect [~・]
Kansai Dialect/
Various Conjugation Charts [~・]
Various Conjugation Charts/
せいで [せいで]
because of, due to (indicates only negative meaning)/
に関して [にかんして]
concerning; with regard to; about; on/
今では [いまでは]
"(by) now"; "nowadays"/
やっと [やっと]
もとい [もとい]
is wrong, rather/
~でたまらない・~てたまらない [~でたまらない・~てたまらない]
so...that one can`t stand it/
なくちゃ [なくちゃ]
Must;Have to/
たまらない [たまらない]
~をぬきにして・はぬきにして [~をぬきにして・はぬきにして]
よりもさらに [よりもさらに]
more than that; more than/
のに [のに]
~やら~やら [~やら~やら]
particle denoting uncertainty or a listing used for both words and clauses/
くらい、ぐらい [くらい、ぐらい]
to the extent that; so ~ that ~ almost ~; at least; the only ~; rather than ~/
呉れる [くれる]
to give, to do for someone, to be given (honorific)/
として [として]
try to/
と伝えていただけませんか [につたえていたでけませんか]
Politely asking someone to convey a message./
漢英字典 [かんえいじてん]
A flash kanji dictionary tool/
文法クイズ [ぶんぽうクイズ]
Flash Grammar Quiz/
というものではない; というものでもない [というものではない; というものでもない]
Doesn't mean that; It's not (true) that; Not necessarily/
まだしも [まだしも]
would be much better, would be acceptable/
お茶を濁す [おちゃをにごす]
to avoid giving a direct answer/
とか [とか]
It seems that; I heard that/
など; なんか; なんて [など; なんか; なんて]
and so on; and the like; for example; things like ~/
不調法 or 無調法 [ぶちょうほう]
A rudeness or blunder, carelessness/
居られない [いられない]
cannot exist, not possible, can't afford to/
やむをえない [やむをえない]
no other way to do something しかたがない/
といったら [といったら]
Express admiration/horror; eg, how +adjective, so+adjective/
隙に [すきに]
While ~ To take advantage of a moment of time to do something (there is an element of cunning in its meaning)/
様を見ろ、いい気味だよ、ほら! [さまをみろ、いいきみだよ、ほら]
I told you so, Serves you right, See!/
唯でさえ [ただでさえ]
To add to, something alone is normally enough/
依頼 [いらい]
Request or commission/
進行形の動詞+中で [しんこうけいのどうし+なかで]
Out of (Clause A) there is B, C, D etc etc/
進行形の動詞+中で [しんこうけいのどうし+なかで]
Out of (Clause A) there is B, C, D etc etc/
と同時に [とどうじに]
and at the same time/
~に越したことは無いが [~にこしたことはないが]
Normally Its better to (You can never have too much)/
ないで [ないで]
ほどだ; ほどの [ほどだ; ほどの]
almost/nearly; to the point of; like that; such as that/
まま [まま]
as it is, leave as it is, (remain) unchanged/
なぜなら [なぜなら]
because: a reason for or to do (x)./
未だ [いまだ]
yet / as yet / so far/ not yet/
ことがある [ことがある]
There are times when/
出す、出して、出した [だす、だして、だした]
to pay, to place, to issue, to stick out, to put forth, to serve,/
あまり [あまり]
not really/
にしろ、にせよ [にしろ、にせよ]
It doesn't matter which; It doesn't matter whether./
ことにする [ことにする]
Decide to do something/
あまりの~に [あまりの~に]
Due to a condition/state being in excess, a result occurs./
とっさに [とっさに]
To reflexively react; an unconscious movement./
積もりだった [つもりだった]
I had the intention to do (but I didn't)/
ながい [ながい]
安らか [やすらか]
peaceful, restful/
た形 積もりで [たつもりで]
instead of (hypothetical action)/
とはいえ [とはいえ]
However (the truth is in fact different)/
それに [それに]
moreover, and what's more/
ないばかりか [ないばかりか]
Not only/
気になる [きになる]
worried about/
つれて、につれ [つれて、につれ]
~を限りに [をかぎりに]
with ~, some continuing activity will end (or a prohibition on an activity will start)/
たとたん [たとたん]
See [とたん(に)]/
によれば [によれば]
According to/
一息 [ひといき]
a short period of time/
やすい [やすい]
easy to V/
日本語の手紙の書き方 [にほんごのてがみのかきかた]
Grammar points for writing in Japanese/
こととて [こととて]
because/since - explains the cause or gives a reason for/
とても~ない [とても~ない]
Can`t possibly/
~かたわら [~かたわら]
not only, ...also (This expression is only used in writing)/
より [より]
~放題 [~ほうだい]
As you like/
あっという間 [あっというま]
Time Flies/
かけると [かけると]
when it comes? (/
たまらない [たまらない]
(1) intolerable, unbearable, unendurable, (2) cannot help (doing), cannot but do, anxious to do, (3) tremendous, out of this world, irresistible./
あまり~(動詞)~ない [あまり~ ~ない]
Not really/
わざとらしい [わざとらしい]
fake, pretending/
そのままの言葉 [そのままのことば]
Set expressions or phrases/
とは限りません [とはかぎりません]
it's not necessarily the case that, it does not mean that/
余り [あまり]
not much, , too much/
て形は行けない [てはいけない]
you shouldn't, one should not/
stem + 出す [Stem + だす]
Begin to ~/
掛ける 2 [かける 2]
AT~; TO~/
掛かる [かかる]
掛かる 2 [かかる 2]
AT~; ON~/
ぼんやり [ぼんやり]
absent-minded(ly); blank(ly)/
次第に [しだいに]
Gradually, little by little/
までもない [までもない]
No need to/
~旨 [むね]
concerning ... , regarding ... , that .../
~おうとすると [~おうとすると]
A voluntary action stopped just before being completed/
~en [~en]
なくてもすむ [なくてもすむ]
Don't have to ~ (and are happy because of it)/
だからといって [だからといって]
However.. / It doesn't follow that .../ But it doesn't mean that../
と同様 [とどうよう]
the same way as/
~をめぐって [~をめぐって]
surrounding, concerning, about [/ focusing on / in connection with]/
はっちゃける [はっちゃける]
To party, unwind and have a good time in order to forget stresses and problems/
ときたら [ときたら]
when it comes to~ (neg. sense)/
を通して [をとおして]
through, by use of, by means of/
~てこそ [~てこそ]
not until, only after/
~ひいては [~ひいては]
which in turn/
並みに [なみに]
As...as, to the same degree as/
にかけては [にかけては]
regarding, about, concerning/
に先立って [にさきだって]
before; preceeding; prior to/
~直す [~なおす]
to do something again, hoping to improve it/
~ぶり [~ぶり]
first time in ~/
/ 746

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