Surrealism Quiz Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Gertrude Stein
[1874-1946] Experimentalist poet and expatriate who was an early champion of modern art and one of the chief promoters of the modernist prose style.
Primitivism
A 20th century movement which adopted the stylistic idioms that imitated the art of presumably the less civilized non-western cultures.
Analytic Cubism
The first phase of Cubism, developed jointly by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, in which the artists analyzed form from every possible vantage point to combine the various views into one pictorial whole.
Synthetic Cubism
The second phase of Cubism (1912) where artists constructed paintings and drawings from objects and shapes cut from paper to represent parts of an object.
Pablo Picasso
[1881-1973] A Spaniard in Paris who formed a movement in 1907 called Cubism.
Georges Braque
[1882-1963] A French painter and sculptor who, with Pablo Picasso, developed cubism and became one of the major figures of twentieth-century art.
Robert Delaunay
[1885-1941] A French artist who used Orphism, which is similar to abstract art, abstraction and cubism in his work. His later works were more abstract, reminiscent of Paul Klee. His key influence related to bold use of colour, and a clear love of experimentation of both depth and tone.
Futurism
[1910-1915] A movement in modern art that grew out of cubism. Artists used implied motion by shifting planes and having multiple viewpoints of the subject. They strived to show mechanical as well as natural motion and speed. Notable: Frank Stella and Giacomo Balla.
Giacomo Balla
[1871-1958] Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash
Filippo Tommaso Marinetti
[1876-1944] was an Italian poet and editor, the founder of the Futurist movement and a fascist ideologue.
Force Lines
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Umberto Boccioni
[1882-1916] Italian Futurist Sculptor, best known for Unique Forms of Continuity in Space, 1913 (cast 1931).
Dadaism
[1920s-1930s] Dadaism attacked all accepted standards of art and behavior, delighting in outrageous conduct. Its name, from the French word dada, meaning "hobbyhorse," if deliberately nonsensical.
Jean Hans Arp
[1886-1966] was a German-French, or Alsatian, sculptor, painter, poet and abstract artist in other media such as torn and pasted paper.
Marcel Duchamp
[1887-1968] French painter who became a prominent exponent of DaDa created shocking pieces with his readymades -found objects.
Weimar Republic
The republic that was established in Germany in 1919 and ended in 1933
Readymade
First used in relation to Dada works, it is a term that is applied to a 'found object' that is then transformed into a work of art.
Zurich
Birthplace of the DADAist movement. Comprised mostly of Sound and Performance Art.
Cabaret Voltair
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George Grosz
[1900-1925] Part of New Objectivity. Communist who went to America. Influenced by Expressionism and Dada; made critical paintings. (1) Pillars of Society, (2) Montage Man John Heartfield.
John Heartfield
[1891-1968] Berlin Dadaist, more vigorously revolutionary in political beliefs founded the Berlin group in 1919.
Hugo Ball
[1886-1927] German author, poet and one of the leading Dada artists; founded Cabaret Voltaire along with his wife, a night singer; created the Dada Manifesto, making a political statement about his views on the terrible state of society.
Karawane
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Hannah Hoech
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Otto Dix
[1891-1969] German artist turned machine gunner. took Nietzsche and the Bible with him to war. went to experience the worst possible experience. made grotesque and shocking art (even before the war). painted to rid himself of the war.
Andre Breton
[1896-1966] French writer, poet, and surrealist theorist, and is best known as the main founder of surrealism. His writings include the Surrealist Manifesto of 1924, in which he defined surrealism as pure psychic automatism.
Automatism
Any reaction that occurs automatically without conscious thought or reflection.
Man Ray
[1890-1976] American photographer living in Paris, produced collages of visual shapes and patterns, films began literally as collages.
Rene Magritte
[1898-1967] Belgian surrealist painter who became well known for number of witty and though-provoking images. Liked to throw things together.
Salvador Dali
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The Armory Show
1913; first large-scale modernist exhibition in U.S.; New; extremely influential; highly controversial
Degenerate Art
..., 1937 Nazi party exhibition, hitler confiscated degenerate art, corrupting German art.
Meret Oppenheim
[1913-1985] •Surrealist artist •Best known for "Object" (Le Dejeuner en fourrure), fur-lined teacup inspired by a conversation w/ Picasso
Joan Miro
[1893-1983] Spanish painter, biomorphic abstraction, had his own visual language (symbolism), Person Throwing a Stone at a Bird, Woman in Front of the Sun.
Aaron Douglas
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Georgia O'Keeffe
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Precisionism
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Alfred Stieglitz
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Guernica
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Neue Sachlichkeit
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Photomontage
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