|1. What political leader told military leaders in 1933 that he wanted to remove the "cancer of democracy" from their society?||
(A) Benito Mussolini
(B) Mao Zedong
(C) Francisco Franco
*(D) Adolf Hitler
(E) Getúlio Vargas
|2. The earliest originator of the concept and practice of fascism was||
(A) Adolph Hitler.
(B) General Francisco Franco.
(C) Juan Peron.
*(D) Benito Mussolini.
(E) Otto von Bismarck.
|3. Hitler wrote "Mein Kampf"||
(A) during World War I.
(B) before the Beer Hall Putsch.
*(C) while in jail after the failed Beer Hall Putsch.
(D) during the early years of the Great Depression.
(E) after becoming Chancellor in 1933.
|4. The SA, or Storm Troop, were||
*(A) the Nazi party militia.
(B) the major threat to the security of the Nazi Party before 1923.
(C) the first type of Kolkhoz.
(D) led by Heinrich Himmler.
(E) Mussolini's Black Shirts.
|5. Hitler solved the economic problems facing Germany in the Great Depression by all of the following means EXCEPT||
*(A) pursuing a laissez-faire economic policy.
(B) giving "pump-priming" grants to private industry and other businesses.
(C) spending vast amounts of money on rearmament.
(D) pursuing a policy of government involvement in all aspects of the economy.
(E) working hand-in-hand with the major industrial corporations.
|6. To whip up popular support for his totalitarian regime, Hitler organized gigantic mass rallies in the 1930's in the city of||
|7. The Aryan racial state||
(A) was destined, in Nazi plans, to control Western Europe and Africa.
(B) needed only the passive tolerance of the German population in order to be established.
*(C) required the active involvement of the entire German population to achieve its destiny.
(D) disliked mass demonstration unless the emotionalism was minimized.
(E) would make all women warrior-soldiers, thus doubling Aryan military strength.
|8. The Nuremberg Laws established the||
(A) process of collectivization.
(B) ethnic racial homogeneity of Nazi Germany by expelling all Asians.
*(C) official detachment of Germany's Jews from the rest of the nation's population.
(D) Nazi reunciation of all anti-Semetic policies in Germany.
(E) institutionalization of an annual kristallnacht celebration at the end of June.
|9. Stalin's first two five-year plans||
(A) moved 60 million people from European to Asian Russia.
(B) transformed Russia into an agricultural country.
(C) emphasized the production of consumer goods.
*(D) resulted in large increases in the nation's heavy industry and oil production.
(E) reduced the number of industrial cities in the Urals and Siberia.
|10. The 1930s programs of Joseph Stalin included||
*(A) massive purges of old Bolsheviks, army officers, party members, and many others.
(B) more liberal policies and practices dealing with the social aspects of Russian life.
(C) a half to the five-year plans and a return to private agricultural production.
(D) an informal alliance with the exiled Czarist dynasty.
(E) a retreat from Marxism.
|11. At the Munich Conferenceof 1938,||
*(A) the British and the French representatives allowed Hitler to take over the Sudetenland.
(B) the British prime minister refused to agree to the demands of Adolf Hitler.
(C) the policy of appeasement successfuly put a stop to German expansion in Europe.
(D) eventual Nazi control of all Czechoslovakia was avoided.
(E) Winston Churchill gave his support for the policy of appeasement.
|12. In order to avoid losing both its foreign sources of rubber, tin, rice, scrap iron and liquid fiel, Japan decided it must||
(A) seize much of Southeast Asia.
(B) attack United States Pacific bases in Hawaii and elsewhere.
(C) make arrangements with France and the Soviet Union to get oil and steel.
*(D) both A and B
(E) both B and C
|13. The German invasion of Poland in September 1939 was facilitated by Hitler's non-aggression pact with||
(A) Petain's France.
(B) Churchill's Great Britain.
(C) Tojo's Imperial Japan.
(D) Mussolini's Italy.
*(E) Stalin's Soviet Union.
|14. The Blitzkrieg was||
(A) a steady, methodical armed attack that was aimed at achieving an eventual weakening of an enemy and, finally, surrender.
*B) a coordinated sudden attach by land and air forces.
(C) never able to achieve its specific military objectives.
(D) a series of naval attacks that were aimed at blockading enemy ports.
(E) the use of massed artillery fire against fortifications.
|15. After Hitler occupied most of France, the remainder of the country became||
(A) Free France under Charles de Gaulle.
*(B) Vichy France under Marshal Henri Petain.
(C) Communist France under Mendez France.
(D) Republican France under Georges Clemenceau.
|16. Which of the following military news items would have been welcomed by Hitler?||
(A) the results of the Battle of Britain.
(B) the results of the battle of El Alamein.
*(C) the results of Germany's Blitzkrieg against Denmark, Norway, Belgium, the Netherlands, and France.
(D) the results of the battle of Stalingrad.
(E) the results of the battle os Moscow.
|17. The commander of the Afrika Korps was||
*(A) Erwin Rommel.
(B) Hans von Runstedt.
(C) Rudolf Hess.
(D) Adolf Gruber.
(E) Hands Guederian.
|18. The naval battle that established United States naval superiority in the Pacific was the Battle of||
(B) the Coral Sea.
(C) Shimonosecki Strait.
(E) New Caledonia.
|19. The turning point on the Eastern Front was the battle of||
|20. The Holocaust included all EXCEPT||
(A) an attempt in crease the efficiency of the Einsatzgruppen units by moving mass murder activities to fixed, "death camp" locations.
(B) ultimately consuming approximately 80 percent of central and eastern Europe's Jewish population.
(C) involved Gypsies and many others from groups deemed undesireable by the Nazis.
(D) involved the murder of millions of forced laborers who died of starvation, overwork, or shooting.
*(E) the establishment of execution camps in France.
|21. World War II in the Far East first began with||
(A) Germany's invasion of Siberia.
*(B) Japan's invasion of Manchuria.
(C) the capture of Singapore by the British navy.
(D) Japan's assault on Pearl Harbor.
(E) the dropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima.
|22. All of the following were aspects of Japan's "New Order" in Asia EXCEPT that||
*(A) the Japanese honestly and sincerely intended to liberate their fellow Asians from the burdens of Western colonialism.
(B) Japanese treatment of conquered Asian peoples became intensely brutal.
(C) Asian nationalists made efforts to aid the allies in the fight against the Japanese.
(D) by the time the war was over, the Japanese were held in very low regard by the conquered peoples of Asia.
(E) Japan hoped to use raw meterials from conquered Asian lands to supply its industries.
|23. During World War II all of the following occurred EXCEPT||
(A) the activities of women in Germany and Japan did not change much.
(B) Hitler refused to allow reductions in the production of consumer goods until July 1944.
(C) the Russians used women in a wide variety of military roles, from digging trenches to participation in both ground and air combat.
*(D) the Nazi regime successfully developed an atomic bomb.
(E) Germany was defeated at the Battle of Stalingrad.
|24. Aerial bombing of wartime Japan||
(A) occurred only during the last month of the war.
(B) had virtually no effect on Japanese industrial facilities.
*(C) included the first use of an atomic bomb.
(D) produced very little destruction of Japanese housing.
(E) spared Tokyo entirely.
|25. At the the meeting of the Big Three at Tehran||
(A) it was agreed to use the atomic bomb against Japan.
(B) Churchill strongly advocated an American invasion of France.
*(C) the Allies decided to partition postwar Germany.
(D) Roosevelt and Churchill agreed to let Stalin take control of eastern Europe.
(E) the Soviety Union agreed to declare war against fascist Spain.
|26. At the Yalta Conference||
(A) DeGaulle demanded equal industrial reparation payments for all victor nations.
*(B) the leaders approved the "Declaration on Liberated Europe."
(C) Truman received word of the successful testing of an atomic bomb.
(D) Churchill made his "Iron Curtain" speech.
(E) the Truman Doctrine was issued.
|27. Among the major results of World War II was||
*(A) the two major powers that had attempted to fundamentally increase their world position had been crushed.
(B) European world hegemony had been restored.
(C) a multipower world had finally been restored.
(D) Germany was permanently partitioned.
(E) Japan was forced to join NATO.
|28. The European Recovery Program was better known as the||
(A) Point Five Program.
(B) Stillman Plan.
(C) Acheson Plan.
(D) European Plan.
*(E) Marshall Plan.
|29. Soviet reactions to the Marshall Plan included||
(A) military occupation of Finland and Denmark.
(B) direct participation of its aid benefits.
(C) the creation of a program of competitive financial aid to East Asia.
*(D) the view that the plan was nothing more than an effort by the United States at imperialist domination of Europe.
(E) a new policy of international cooperation.
|30. What foriegn policy strategy did George Kennan advocate in a 1947 "Foreign Affairs" article?||
(A) passive aggression
(B) synergetic harmonization