Gallo @ DSOA, AP World History: Practice Exam #1 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
1. Which two of the following vied for influence in China during the Tang Dynasty?
(A)
(B)
(C)
*(D) Buddhism and Confucianism
(E)
2. Which of the following was not true of nomadic groups?
(A)
(B)
(C)
*(D) Nomadic socieities had little positive influence on settled peoples.
(E)
3. What happened in western Europe after the fall of the Roman Empire was similar to what occurred in
(A)
*(B) China ater the fall of the Han dynasty
(C)
(D)
(E)
4. The most significant effect of Russia's conversion to Eastern Orthodox Christianity was
(A)
(B)
*(C) The way the Church's teaching that God vests power in the ruler
(D)
(E)
5. Which of the following developments most directly resulted from the Crusades?
*(A) Growth of Italian city-states
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
6. All of the following are true of the major Amerindian civilizations in Central and South America piror to the arrival of Europeans EXCEPT
A*(A)economies based on trade
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
7. All of the following are characteristics of western Europe in the 1400s and 1500s EXCEPT
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
*(E) the continued strength of the Roman Catholic Church
8. Which of the following statements best describes the relationship between European and Asian commercial interests in the 1500s?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
*(E) Europeans found, after trial and error, that the only way to benefit from the Asian trading network was to join it as a peaceful partner.
9. Ghana in the 900s and France in the 1600s had which of the following characteristics in common?
(A)
*(B) Divine monarchy
(C)
(D)
(E)
10. "If man can, with almost complete assurance, predict phenomena when he knows their laws, and if, even when he does not, he can still, with great expectation of success, forecast the future on the basis of his experience of the past, why, then, should
(A)
(B)
(C)
*(D) Enlightenment thinkers.
(E)
11. Which of the following statements most accurately describes the short-term causes of the French Revolution?
(A)
*(B) The bourgeoisie were willing to join with the aristocracy against the king until the aristocracy insisted that the three chambers of the Estates-General meet separately.
(C)
(D)
(E)
12. Which of the following countries practiced indirect rule in governing its colonies in Africa?
(A)
(B)
(C)
*(D) Great Britain
(E)
13. Which of the following is not an accurate comparison of the Japanese and Russian reforms of the late 19th century?
(A)
*(B) Business leaders became an important part of the power structure of both countries.
(C)
(D)
(E)
14. Which of the following is not an accurate interpretation of the cartoon?
(A)
(B)
*(C) The cartoon implies that Queen Victoria is a weak monarch.
(D)
(E)
15. Which of the following agreements renounced war as a vehicle of national policy?
(A)
(B)
(C)
*(D) Kellogg-Briand Pact
(E)
16. A major problem for developing countires in general is
(A)
*(B) weak industrial base.
(C)
(D)
(E)
17. Which of the following is a fundamental teaching of Islam?
(A)
(B)
(C)
*(D) Everyone is equal under Islam.
(E)
18. A major influence on the development of western Europe was
(A)
(B)
(C)
*(D) the pressure put on Germanic peoples by the movement of the Huns.
(E)
19. The introduction of papermaking into Europe is an example of cultural diffusion
*(A) from China by way of the Eurasian trade route.
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
20. A common stage in the early development of political units as diverse as England, France, China, Russia, and Japan was
(A)
(B)
*(C) feudalism.
(D)
(E)
21. A major area of contention between the papacy and secular rulers was
(A)
*(B) the rulers' determination to appoint Church officials in their nations.
(C)
(D)
(E)
22. Which of the following statements most accurately describes the long-term significance of Europe's economic activity during the High Middle Ages?
(A)
*(B) The roots of European capitalism and entrepreneurial activity were laid during the Middle Ages.
(C)
(D)
(E)
23. All of the following statements are accurate about both the Mayan and Aztec civilizations EXCEPT
(A)
(B)
*(C) neither civilization had very advanced technologies or scientific understanding.
(D)
(E)
24. Which statement most accurately describes Peter the Great's approach to reforming Russia?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
*(E) He used his modernization efforts to tighten his control over the country.
25. Which of the following statements most accurately describes the differences between the Spanish and Portuguese empires in the Americas?
(A)
*(B) The Catholic Church had more influence over developments in Spanish America than in Brazil.
(C)
(D)
(E)
26. Which of the following was a problem common to the Abbasids, Ottomans, and Mughals?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
*(E) The competing power structure of regional warrior aristocrats.
27. Which of the following had a direct impact on the abolition of slavery?
(A)
*(B) Enlightenment thinking
(C)
(D)
(E)
28. Which of the following statements describes the major difference between the way Brazil achieved independence and the way other states of Latin America became independent?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
*(E) The other nations had to fight for their independence, but Brazil under the prince regent simply declared its independence.
29. All of the following were effects of the Industrial Revolution EXCEPT
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
*(E) the development of interchangeble parts.
30. Which of the following groups of nations competed for colonial empires in Africa in the last half of the 19th century?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
*(E) Germany, Belgium, and Great Britain
31. How did the West influence the overthrow of both the Ottoman Empire and the Qing dynasty?
(A)
*(B) Western political ideas motivated younger men intent on reform to seize the governments.
(C)
(D)
(E)
32. All of the following were results of World War II EXCEPT
(A)
*(B) the creation of new states in Europe.
(C)
(D)
(E)
33. Which of the following may explain the trend represented by the data in the graph above?
*(A) Women's income helped improve their family's standard of living.
(C)
(C)
(D)
(E)
34. "Perestroika is an urgent necessity arising from the profound processesof development in our socialist society. This society is ripe for change."
Which of the following spoke the words above?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
*(E) Mikhail Gorbachev
35. Which of the following statements is an accurate description of both Buddhism and Hinduism?
(A)
(B)
(C)
*(D) Both religions taught the importance of karma in affecting a person's fate.
(E)
36. The Mandate of Heaven governed the relationship between the ruler and the ruled in
*(A) China.
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
37. Which of the following reasons motivated both the Abbasids and the Mongols to expand their empires?
(A)
(B)
(C)
*(D) The desire for wealth and plunder
(E)
38. All of the following characteristics are true of the Tang and Song dynasties EXCEPT
*(A) Buddhism appeared in China for the first time.
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
39. Which of the following best describes the spread of Islam in East Africa and Christianity in China?
(A)
(B)
*(C) Islam had a decided impact on the trading centers of East Africa but little impact on the interior, whereas Christianity had little impact on either urban or rural areas in China.
(D)
(E)
40. All of the following were characteristics borrowed by Kievan Russia from the Byzantine Empire EXCEPT
(A)
(B)
(C)
*(D) a large and highly trained bureraucracy.
(E)
41. Comparing Aztec and Inca political organization would identify differences in
*(A) the way they were structured.
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
42. Triangular trade referred to the network connecting
(A)
*(B) the west coast of Africa, North American, and western Europe.
(C)
(D)
(E)
43. Which of the following statements best describes the similarities between the economies of the African continent and Latin American in the latter part of the 19th century?
*(A) The economies of both the African colonies and Latin American nations depended on exports.
(C)
(C)
(D)
(E)
44. The unification of which two nations in the 19th century ended the centralization of power begun in Europe in the Middle Ages?
(A)
(B)
(C)
*(D) Germany and Italy
(E)
45. Western European foreign policy in the late 1800s was characterized by
(A)
(B)
(C)
*(D) an arms race, imperialism, and a series of alliances.
(E)
46. All of these factors contributed to the severity of the Great Depression EXCEPT
(A)
(B)
*(C) agricultural underproduction.
(D)
(E)
47. All of the following are aspects of traditional Chinese culture and society that are present in modern China EXCEPT
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
*(E) the Confucian system of civil service.
48. Based on the table above and your knowledge of world history, which of the following is a reasonable interpretation of the data?
*(A) Language developed as the procurement of food became more organized and complex.
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
49. Monasticism was an important aspect of which two of the following religions?
(A)
*(B) Buddhism and Christianity
(C)
(D)
(E)
50. Which of the following statements is accurate regarding feudalism in both Europe and Japan?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
*(E) The basic feudal relationship was between lord and vassal.
51. The blending of Islamic culture traits with Indian practices resulted in
*(A) the use of Indian art styles to render Islamic subjects.
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
52. The placing of upper-class Russian women into quarters separate from men was an outgrowth of Russia's contact with
*(A) the Mongols.
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
53. All of the following are differences between Sudanic empires and the kingdoms and states of the interior EXCEPT
(A)
(B)
(C)
*(D) the economy of the Sudanic empires were based on agriculture and herding, whereas the interior kingdoms reaped the wealth of the slave trade.
(E)
54. All of the following were long-term causes of the Protestant Reformation EXCEPT
*(A) religious wars in Europe.
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
55. "We have seen that kings take the place of God, who is the true father of the human species. We have also seen that the first idea of power which exists among men is that of the paternal power ; and that kings are modeled on fathers."
The above defin
*(A) Great Britain.
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
56. The price revolution in Europe was the direct result of
(A)
*(B) a combination of scarce goods and an increase in the gold and silver in circulation.
(C)
(D)
(E)
57. All of the following were reforms passed by the French National Assembly in reaction to earlier abuses EXCEPT
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
*(E) abolishment of the Legislative Assembly.
58. Which of the following statements best describes Latin American nations after independence in the 1800s?
*(A) Although they had won their independence, Latin American nations remained plague by their colonial pasts.
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
59. After World War II, the influence and power of which world region declined?
(A)
(B)
(C)
*(D) Western Europe
(E)
60. Which of the following problems did Russia and its former Eastern European satellite nations not have in common?
(A)
(B)
*(C) Lack of experience of a market economy
(D)
(E)
61. "And what, O priests, is the noble truth of the path leading to the cessation of misery? It is...right belief, right resolve, right speech, right behavior, right occupation, right effort, right contemplation, right conventration."
These words describ
(A)
(B)
(C)
*(D) Buddhism
(E)
62. Which of the following is an example of an event or situation around 1000 C.E. that helps to mark this as a new period in world history?
(A)
(B)
*(C) The breakdown of feudalism in Europe beginning in the 1100s occurred for a number of reasons, including the growth of towns and the efforts of some monarchs to centralize political power in their own hands.
(D)
(E)
63. The Aztec civilization's militaristic tone and use of human sacrifice was based on the earlier culture of the
(A)
(B)
(C)
*(D) Toltec.
(E)
64. The map above demonstrates which of the following about the trade network that involved medieval Europe?
(A)
(B)
*(C) Italian city-states were in an excellent position to capitalize on the trading network that developed in the late Middle Ages.
(D)
(E)
65. Which of the following decisions by the Portuguese affected the Arab-African cities of the east coast of Africa?
(A)
*(B) To monopolize trade with Asia
(C)
(D)
(E)
66. All of the following are true about the Enlightenment EXCEPT
(A)
(B)
(C)
*(D) Enlightenment thinkers owed much to the earlier Scholasticism for their view of the value of education.
(E)
67. The major significance of the Boxer Uprising was
(A)
(B)
*(C) the increased intervention of European powers in Chinese affairs.
(D)
(E)
68. Which of the following statements most accurately describes why the United States and other European nations did not stop Hitler before a war could begin?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
*(E) Appalled by the destructiveness of modern war, these nations were reluctant to engage in actions that might bring about another war.
69. Which statement most accurately describes the economies of Japan and the city-states of the Pacific Rim compared with the economy of the United States?
*(A) The Asian government of the Pacific Rim countries provide economic planning, whereas the United States relies on the market and private business to make economic decisions.
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
70. The primary problem facing development nations in Africa is
(A)
*(B) their status as dependent economies.
(C)
(D)
(E)
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